1261 1262 1263 - 1264 - 1265 1266 1267
| Decades: |
1230s 1240s 1250s - 1260s - 1270s 1280s 1290s
| Centuries: |
12th century - 13th century - 14th century
|1264 by topic|
|State leaders – Sovereign states|
|Birth and death categories|
|Category: Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Births – Deaths – Works|
|Art and literature|
|1264 in poetry|
|Gregorian calendar|| 1264 |
|Ab urbe condita||2017|
|Armenian calendar|| 713 |
|Bahá'í calendar||-580 – -579|
|Coptic calendar||980 – 981|
|Ethiopian calendar||1256 – 1257|
|Hebrew calendar||5024 – 5025|
|- Vikram Samvat||1319 – 1320|
|- Shaka Samvat||1186 – 1187|
|- Kali Yuga||4365 – 4366|
|Iranian calendar||642 – 643|
|Islamic calendar||662 – 663|
|- Imperial Year|| Kōki 1924|
|Thai solar calendar||1807|
War and politicsEdit
- Before May - Second Barons' War, a civil war in England, begins.
- May 12 to May 14 - The Battle of Lewes of the Second Barons' War is fought between Simon de Montfort and King Henry III of England in Sussex. By the end of the battle, de Montfort's forces capture both King Henry and his son, future King Edward I, making de Montfort the "uncrowned king of England" for 15 months before Edward escapes captivity and recaptures the throne.
- June 18 - The Parliament of Ireland meets at Castledermot in County Kildare, the first definitively known meeting of this Irish legislature.
- In Spain, King James I of Aragon reconquers the cities of Orihuela in Alicante and Elx in Valencia from the Moors, ending over 500 years of Islamic rule.
- The Thuringian War of Succession ends.
- The state of Hesse gains its independence from Thuringia and becomes a free state of the Holy Roman Empire.
- In the Peerage of England, the title Baron de Ros, the oldest continuously held peerage title in England, is created by writ of summons.
Culture and religionEdit
- April - Gilbert de Clare leads a massacre of the Jews at Canterbury.
- August 5 - Anti-Jewish riots in Arnstadt (modern-day Germany)
- September 14 - Walter de Merton formally completes the foundation of the House of Scholars of Merton (later Merton College) to provide education in Malden and the University of Oxford.
- King Boleslaus V of Poland promulgates legal protection for his Jewish subjects, including protection from the kidnapping and forcible baptism of Jewish children.
- In Barcelona, a commission of Dominicans censors portions of the Talmud for the first time by ordering the cancellation of passages found reprehensible from a Christian point of view.
- Thomas Aquinas completes his theological work Summa contra Gentiles.
- Pope Urban IV creates festivity of Corpus Domini
- Kublai Khan, supreme leader of the Mongol Empire, moves the empire's capital from Karakorum in Mongolia to the Chinese city of Khanbaliq (now Beijing).
- Kublai Khan defeats his brother and pretender to the title of Khagan, or Khan of Khans, Ariq Boke, who surrendered to Kublai and was summarily imprisoned. He died a year later under mysterious circumstances, possibly by poisoning, but the cause of death is still uncertain.
- Kublai Khan publicly reprimanded his own officers for executing two Song Dynasty Chinese generals without trial or investigation. This act was one of many in order to enhance his reputation amongst the Chinese, to increase his legitimacy as a just ruler, and win over more defectors from the Southern Song.
- December 2 - Pope Urban IV
- Vincent of Beauvais, French encyclopedist (born 1190)
- Danylo of Halych, King of Galicia (born 1201)
- Emperor Lizong of China
- Andrei II of Russia
|This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at 1264. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.|
People of the year 1264 at Familypedia
12 people were born in 1264
22 children were born to the 8 women born in 1264
19 people died in 1264
963 people lived in 1264
Events of the year 1264 at FamilypediaEdit
7 people were married in 1264.
There were 0 military battles in 1264.