|Millennium:||2nd millennium BC|
|Centuries:||13th century BC · 12th century BC · 11th century BC|
|Decades:|| 1190s BC 1180s BC 1170s BC 1160s BC 1150s BC|
1140s BC 1130s BC 1120s BC 1110s BC 1100s BC
|Categories:|| Births – Deaths |
Establishments – Disestablishments
The 12th century BC is the period from 1200 to 1101 BC.
- 1197 BC — The beginning of first period (1197 BC — 982 BC) by Sau Yung's concept of the I Ching and history.
- 1194 BC — The beginning of the legendary Trojan War.
- 1192 BC — Wu Ding emperor of Shang Dynasty died.
- 1191 BC — Menestheus, legendary King of Athens, dies during the Trojan War after a reign of 23 years and is succeeded by his nephew Demophon, a son of Theseus. Other accounts place his death a decade later and shortly after the Trojan War (see 1180s BC).
- 1186 BC — End of the Nineteenth dynasty of Egypt, start of the Twentieth Dynasty.
- 1184 BC, April 24 — Traditional date for the fall of Troy, Asia Minor to the Mycenaeans and their allies. This marks the end of the Trojan War of Greek mythology.
- 1181 BC — Menestheus, legendary King of Athens and veteran of the Trojan War, dies after a reign of 23 years and is succeeded by his nephew Demophon, a son of Theseus. Other accounts place his death a decade earlier and during the Trojan War (see 1190s BC).
- 1180 BC — The last Kassite king, Anllil-nadin-akhe, is defeated by the Elamites
- April 16, 1178 BC — A solar eclipse may mark the return of Odysseus, legendary King of Ithaca, to his kingdom after the Trojan War. He discovers a number of suitors competing to marry his wife Penelope, whom they believe to be a widow, in order to succeed him on the throne. He organizes their slaying and re-establishes himself on the throne.
- 1160 BC — Death of Pharaoh Ramesses V, from smallpox.
- 1159 BC — Global "tree ring event" (period of arrested tree growth) lasting for 18 years.
- 1154 BC — Death of King Menelaus of Sparta (estimated date).
- 1154 BC — Suicide of exiled Queen Helen of Sparta at Rhodes. (estimated date).
- c. 1150 BC — End of Egyptian rule in Palestine. Rameses VI last Pharaoh acknowledged.
- 1147 BC — Demophon, legendary King of Athens and veteran of the Trojan War, dies after a reign of 33 years and is succeeded by his son Oxyntes.
- 1137 BC — Ramses VII begins his reign as the sixth ruler of the Twentieth dynasty of Egypt.
- 1135 BC — Oxyntes, legendary King of Athens, dies after a reign of 12 years and is succeeded by his elder son Apheidas.
- 1134 BC — Apheidas, legendary King of Athens, is assassinated and succeeded by his younger brother Thymoetes after a reign of 1 year.
- 1126 BC — Thymoetes, legendary King of Athens, dies childless after a reign of 8 years. He is succeeded by his designated heir Melanthus of Pylos, a fifth-generation descendant of Neleus who had reportedly assisted him in battle against the Boeotians.
- 1122 BC — Legendary founding date of the city of Pyongyang.
- c. 1120 BC — destruction of Troy VIIb1
- 1115 BC — Zhou cheng wang becomes king of the Zhou Dynasty of China.
- 1115 BC — Tiglath-Pileser I becomes king of Assyria.
- 1100 BC — Tiglath-Pileser I of Assyria conquers the Hittites.
- c. 1100 BC — The Dorians supposedly invade Greece.
- c. 1100 BC — Beginning of the proto-Villanovan culture in northern Italy.
- c. 1100 BC — Mycenaean civilization ends. Start of Greek Archaic Period.
- c. 1100 BC — The New Kingdom in Egypt comes to an end.
- Amenemses, Pharaoh of the Nineteenth Dynasty of Egypt (1202 BC–1199 BC)
- 1180 BC — Birth of Ramesses III of Egypt
- 1153 BC — Death of pharaoh Ramesses III of Egypt
- 1146 BC — Nebuchadnezzar I becomes king of Babylon
- 1116 BC — Death of King Wu of Zhou, King of the Zhou Dynasty (1122 BC–256 BC) of China
Inventions, discoveries, introductionsEdit
Decades and yearsEdit
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