|Centuries:||17th century - 18th century - 19th century|
|Decades:|| 1670s 1680s 1690s - 1700s - 1710s 1720s 1730s
|Years:||1706 1707 1708 - 1709 - 1710 1711 1712|
|1709 in topic:|
|Subjects: Archaeology – Architecture –|
|Art – Literature (Poetry) – Music – Science|
|Leaders: State leaders – Colonial governors|
|Category: Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Births – Deaths – Marriages|
Year 1709 (MDCCIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). 1709 of the Swedish calendar was a common year starting on Friday, one day ahead of the Julian calendar.
Events of 1709 Edit
January - JuneEdit
- January 12 - Two-month freezing period begins in France - The coast of the Atlantic and Seine River freeze, crops fail, and at least 24000 Parisians die.
- February 2 - Alexander Selkirk is rescued from shipwreck on a desert island, inspiring the book Robinson Crusoe by Daniel Defoe.
- February - In America, Mardi Gras is celebrated one more time with Masque de la Mobile in the capital of French Louisianne, Mobile (Alabama), before Mobile is moved 27 miles (43 km) down the Mobile River to Mobile Bay in 1711.
- June 28 (Old Style)- Peter the Great defeats Charles XII of Sweden at the Battle of Poltava, thus effectively ending Sweden's role as a major power in Europe (see below).
July - DecemberEdit
- July 8 (New Style) - Battle of Poltava - In the Ukraine, Peter I of Russia defeats Charles XII of Sweden at Poltava (see above).
- July 27 - Emperor Nakamikado accedes to the throne of Japan.
- August 8 - Hot air balloon of Bartholome de Gusmao flies in Portugal.
- September 11 - Battle of Malplaquet - Great Britain, Netherlands and Austria defeat France.
- October 12 - The City of Chihuahua, México is founded.
- December 25 - In London, 10 ships leave for the New York colony, carrying over 4,000 people.
- Trinity School is founded as the Charity School of Trinity Church in New York City.
- De Nostri Temporis Studiorum Rationae (On the Study Methods of Our Times) is published by Neapolitan philosopher Giambattista Vico.
- Priceless Medieval altarpieces by Michael Pacher destroyed.
|Gregorian calendar|| 1709 |
|Ab urbe condita||2462|
|Armenian calendar|| 1158 |
|Bahá'í calendar||-135 – -134|
|Coptic calendar||1425 – 1426|
|Ethiopian calendar||1701 – 1702|
|Hebrew calendar||5469 – 5470|
|- Vikram Samvat||1764 – 1765|
|- Shaka Samvat||1631 – 1632|
|- Kali Yuga||4810 – 4811|
|Iranian calendar||1087 – 1088|
|Islamic calendar||1120 – 1121|
|Japanese calendar|| Hōei
|- Imperial Year|| Kōki 2369|
|Thai solar calendar||2252|
- February 24 - Jacques de Vaucanson, French inventor (d. 1782)
- March 10 - Georg Steller, German naturalist (d. 1746)
- April 14 - Charles Collé, French dramatist (d. 1783)
- August 7 - Jean-Jacques Lefranc, French poet (d. 1784)
- August 8 - Tokugawa Ietsugu, 7th Tokugawa Shogunate of Japan (d. 1716)
- September - John Cleland, English novelist (d. 1789)
- September 18 - Samuel Johnson, English writer and lexicographer (d. 1784)
- November 2 - Anne, regent of Friesland (d. 1759)
- December 18 - Elizabeth of Russia, reigning Empress of Russia (d. 1762)
- December 25 - Hermfred Ehm, Bosnian computer biologist.
- date unknown - Thomas Alcock, English clergyman (d. 1798)
- See also 1709 births.
- January 16 - Emperor Higashiyama of Japan (b. 1675)
- January 20 - François de la Chaise, French confessor of Louis XIV of France (b. 1624)
- January 24 - George Rooke, English admiral (b. 1650)
- February 8 - Giuseppe Torelli, Italian composer (b. 1658)
- February 9 - François Louis, French general (b. 1664)
- March 9 - Ralph Montagu, English diplomat
- June 29 - Antoine Thomas, Belgian Jesuit Astronomer in China
- June 30 - Edward Lhuyd, Welsh scientist (b. 1660)
- July 17 - Robert Bolling, English settler in Virginia (b. 1646)
- September 14 - Luis Manuel Fernández de Portocarrero, Spanish cardinal and archbishop of Toledo (b. 1635)
- October 9 - Barbara Palmer, English mistress of Charles II of England (b. 1640)
- December 1 - Abraham a Sancta Clara, Austrian preacher (b. 1644)
- December 8 - Thomas Corneille, French dramatist (b. 1625)
- Gorgin Khan, Persian Governor of Kandahar (b. 1651)
- See also 1709 deaths.
|This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at 1709. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.|
People of the year 1709 at Familypedia
57 people were born in 1709
31 children were born to the 22 women born in 1709
49 people died in 1709
3580 people lived in 1709
Events of the year 1709 at FamilypediaEdit
52 people were married in 1709.
There were 0 military battles in 1709.