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The Fourteenth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau one month from January 5, 1920, determined the resident population of the United States to be 106,021,537, an increase of 15.0 percent over the 92,228,496 persons enumerated during the 1910 Census.
Despite the constitutional requirement that House seats be reapportioned to the states respective of their population every ten years according to the census, members of Congress failed to agree on a reapportionment plan following this census, and the distribution of seats from the 1910 census remained in effect until 1933. In 1929, Congress passed the Reapportionment Act of 1929 which provided for a permanent method of reapportionment and fixed the number of Representatives at 435.
The 1920 census collected the following information:
- relationship to head of family
- marital status
- if foreign born, year of immigration to the U.S., whether naturalized and, if so, year of naturalization
- school attendance
- birthplace of person and parents
- if foreign-born, the mother tongue
- ability to speak English
- occupation, industry, and class of worker migratory
- whether home owned or rented, and, if owned, whether free or mortgaged
Full documentation for the 1920 census, including census forms and enumerator instructions, is available from the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series.
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Microdata from the 1920 census are freely available through the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. Aggregate data for small areas, together with electronic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System.
- ^ "Library Bibliography Bulletin 88, New York State Census Records, 1790-1925". New York State Library. October 1981. pp. 45 (p. 51 of PDF). http://purl.org/net/nysl/nysdocs/9643270.
- 1921 U.S Census Report Contains 1920 Census results
- Historic US Census data
- 1920 Census: 1920 United States Census for Genealogy & Family History Research
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