4th century BC

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Millennium: 1st millennium BC
Centuries: 5th century BC · 4th century BC · 3rd century BC
Decades: 390s BC 380s BC 370s BC 360s BC 350s BC
340s BC 330s BC 320s BC 310s BC 300s BC
Categories: BirthsDeaths

The 4th century BC started the first day of 400 BC and ended the last day of 301 BC. It is considered part of the Classical era, epoch, or historical period.


World 323 BCE

Map of the world in 323 BC (at the death of Alexander the Great)

This century marked the height of Classical Greek civilization in all of its aspects. By the year 400 Greek philosophy, art, literature and architechture had spread far a wide with the numerous independent Greek colonies that had sprung up throughout the lands of the eastern Mediterranean.

Arguably the most important series of political events in this period were the conquests of Alexander, bringing about the collapse of the once formidable Persian Empire and spreading Greek culture far into the east. Alexander dreamed of an east/west union, but when his short life ended, his vast empire was plunged into civil war as his generals each carved out their own separate kingdoms. Thus began the Hellenistic age, a period characterized by a more absolute approach to rule, with Greek kings taking on royal trappings and setting up hereditary successions. While a degree of democracy still existed in some of the remaining independent Greek cities, many scholars see this age as marking the end of classical Greece.


AlexanderTheGreat Bust

Bust of Alexander the Great in the British Museum.

Significant PeopleEdit


"The safest general characterisation of the European philosophical tradition is that it consists of a series of footnotes to Plato." (Alfred North Whitehead, Process and Reality, 1929).

Inventions, discoveries, introductionsEdit


A Han Dynasty Chinese crossbow from the second century BC.

Decades and yearsEdit

This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at 4th century BC. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.

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