|Centuries:||6th century · 7th century · 8th century|
|Decades:||610s 620s 630s 640s 650s 660s 670s|
|Years:||639 640 641 642 643 644 645|
|642 by topic|
|State leaders - Sovereign states|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births - Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments - Disestablishments|
|Gregorian calendar|| 642 |
|Ab urbe condita||1395|
|Armenian calendar|| 91 |
|Bahá'í calendar||-1202 – -1201|
|Coptic calendar||358 – 359|
|Ethiopian calendar||634 – 635|
|Hebrew calendar||4402 – 4403|
|- Vikram Samvat||697 – 698|
|- Shaka Samvat||564 – 565|
|- Kali Yuga||3743 – 3744|
|Iranian calendar||20 – 21|
|Islamic calendar||21 – 22|
|- Imperial Year|| Kōki 1302|
|Thai solar calendar||1185|
- August 5 — In the Battle of Maserfield, Penda king of Mercia defeats and kills Oswald, king of Bernicia.
- Batbayan succeeds Kubrat as ruler of the Bulgars (approximate date).
- Battle of Nehawand: Arabs conquer Persia.
- Empress Kōgyoku ascends to the throne of Japan.
- Yeon Gaesomun seizes power over the Goguryeo kingdom and places King Bojang on the throne.
- Emperor Taizong of Tang issues a decree throughout China that increased the punishment for men who deliberately inflict injuries upon themselves (most commonly breaking their own legs) in order to avoid military conscription. This decree was an effort to eradicate this practice that had grown as a trend since the time of the rebellion against the Sui Dynasty.
Arts and SciencesEdit
- Earliest surviving dated Arabic papyrus, PERF 558, and earliest known Arabic text with diacritical marks is written.
- November 24 — Pope Theodore I succeeds Pope John IV as the 73rd pope.
- Monastic settlement founded in Hampshire, England, which later becomes Winchester Cathedral.
- August 5 — Oswald, king of Bernicia and Bretwalda
- October 12 — Pope John IV
- Khalid bin Walid, Muslim general, conqueror of Damascus and Syria
- Yeongnyu of Goguryeo
- Yuwen Shiji, Chinese statesman
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People of the year 642 at Familypedia
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Events of the year 642 at FamilypediaEdit
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