|Millennium:||1st millennium BC|
|Centuries:||10th century BC · 9th century BC · 8th century BC|
|Decades:|| 890s BC 880s BC 870s BC 860s BC 850s BC|
840s BC 830s BC 820s BC 810s BC 800s BC
|Categories:|| Births – Deaths |
Establishments – Disestablishments
The 9th century BC was a period of great changes in civilizations. In Africa, Carthage is founded by the Phoenicians. In Egypt, a severe flood covers the floor of Luxor temple, and years later, a civil war starts.
- 895 BC — Death of King Xiao of Zhou, King of the Zhou Dynasty of China.
- 894 BC — King Yi of Zhou becomes King of the Zhou Dynasty of China.
- 892 BC — Megacles, King of Athens, dies after a reign of 30 years and is succeeded by his son Diognetus.
- 891 BC — Tukulti-Ninurta II succeeds his father Adad-nirari II as king of Assyria.
- 889 BC — Takelot I succeeds his father Osorkon I as king of Egypt.
- 884 BC — Assurnasirpal II succeeds his father Tukulti-ninurta II as king of Assyria.
- 879 BC — Death of King Yi of Zhou, King of the Zhou Dynasty of China.
- 878 BC — King Li of Zhou becomes King of the Zhou Dynasty of China.
- 874 BC — Osorkon II succeeds Takelot I as king of the Twenty-second dynasty of Egypt.
- 874 BC — Ahab becomes king of Israel (approximate date).
- 872 BC — An exceptionally high flood of the Nile covers the floors of the Temple of Luxor.
- 865 BC — Kar Kalmaneser was conquered by the Assyrian king Shalmaneser III.
- 864 BC — Diognetus, King of Athens, dies after a reign of 28 years and is succeeded by his son Pherecles.
- 863 BC — The city of Bath is founded. It is named after the leprosy-curing hot springs there.
- 860 BC — The kingdom of Urartu is unified.
- 858 BC — Aramu becomes king of Urartu.
- 858 BC — Shalmaneser III succeeds Assurnasipal II as king of Assyria.
- 854 BC — Battle of Karkar — An indecisive engagement between Assyrian king Shalmaneser II and a military alliance of the king of Damascus and lesser powers including the prince of Tyre. (or 853 BC)
- 853 BC — Battle of Karkar — An indecisive engagement between Assyrian king Shalmaneser II and a military alliance of the king of Damascus and lesser powers including the prince of Tyre. (or 854 BC)
- 850 BC — Takelot II succeeds Osorkon II as King of Egypt.
- 850 BC - The Middle Mumun Pottery Period begins in the Korean peninsula.
- 845 BC — Pherecles, King of Athens, dies after a reign of 19 years and is succeeded by his son Ariphron.
- 842 BC — Shalmaneser III devastates the territory of Damascus; Israel and the Phoenician cities send tribute.
- 841 BC — Death of King Li of Zhou, King of the Zhou Dynasty of China.
- 841 BC — Records of the Grand Historian regards this year as the first year of consecutive annual dating of Chinese history.
- 836 BC — Shalmaneser III of Assyria leads an expedition against the Tabareni.
- 836 BC — Civil war breaks out in Egypt.
- 827 BC — King Xuan of Zhou becomes King of the Zhou Dynasty of China.
- 825 BC — Takelot II, king of Egypt, dies. Crown Prince Osorkon III and Shoshenq III, sons of Takelot, battle for the throne.
- 825/824 BC — Ariphron, King of Athens, dies after a reign of 20 years and is succeeded by his son Thespieus.
- 823 BC — Death of Shalmaneser III, king of Assyria. He is succeeded by his son Shamshi-Adad V.
- 820 BC — Pygmalion ascends the throne of Tyre.
- 817 BC — Pedubastis I declares himself king of Egypt, founding the Twenty-third Dynasty.
- 814 BC — Carthage is founded by Dido (traditional date).
- 813 BC — Carthage is founded by Phoenicians.
- 811 BC — Adad-nirari III succeeds his father Shamshi-Adad V as king of Assyria.
- 804 BC — Adad-nirari III of Assyria conquers Damascus.
- 804 BC — Death of Pedubastis I, pharaoh.
- 800s BC — Etruscan civilization.
- Beginning of the Iron Age in Central Europe, spread of the Proto-Celtic Hallstatt culture, and the Proto-Celtic language.
- Adena culture appears in present day Northeastern United States.
Inventions, discoveries, introductionsEdit
- First inscriptions in Epigraphic South Arabian found in Akkele Guzay
- 800s BC — Olmecs builds pyramids.
- Emergence of the Brahmana period of Vedic Sanskrit, probable composition of the Shatapatha Brahmana, and the first beginning of the Upanishadic and Vedantic traditions of Hinduism.
Decades and yearsEdit
- ^ Fattovich, Rodolfo, "Akkälä Guzay" in von Uhlig, Siegbert, ed. Encylopaedia Aethiopica: A-C. Weissbaden: Otto Harrassowitz KG, 2003, p.169.
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