Anthropologists use the term Acephalous (Greek for "headless") society to refer to societies which lack political leaders or hierarchies. These groups are also known as egalitarian or non-stratified societies. Typically these societies are small-scale, organized into bands or tribes that make decisions through democratic discussion rather than appointing permanent chiefs or kings. Most foraging or hunter-gatherer societies are acephalous.
- Non-Stratified Societies
- Social inequality
- Class stratification
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