Adair County, Iowa

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Adair County, Iowa
Adair County Courthouse Greenfield IA
Map of Iowa highlighting Adair County
Location in the state of Iowa
Map of USA IA
Iowa's location in the U.S.
Founded 1851
Named for John Adair
Seat Greenfield
Largest city Greenfield
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

570 sq mi (1,476 km²)
569 sq mi (1,474 km²)
1.0 sq mi (3 km²), 0.2%
 - (2010)
 - Density

13/sq mi (5/km²)
Congressional district 3rd
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5

Adair County is a county located in the U.S. state of Iowa. As of the 2010 census, the population was 7,682.[1] Its county seat is Greenfield.[2]

The county used to be part of Iowa's 5th congressional district, which had a score of R+9 (strongly Republican) in the Cook Partisan Voting Index.[3]


Adair County was formed in 1851 from sections of Pottawattamie County. It was named for John Adair, a general in the War of 1812, and the eighth Governor of Kentucky.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 570 square miles (1,500 km2), of which 569 square miles (1,470 km2) is land and 1.0 square mile (2.6 km2) (0.2%) is water.[4]

Major highwaysEdit

Adjacent countiesEdit


USA Adair County, Iowa age pyramid

2000 Census Age Pyramid for Adair County

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1860 984
1870 3,982 304.7%
1880 11,667 193.0%
1890 14,534 24.6%
1900 16,192 11.4%
1910 14,420 −10.9%
1920 14,259 −1.1%
1930 13,891 −2.6%
1940 13,196 −5.0%
1950 12,292 −6.9%
1960 10,893 −11.4%
1970 9,487 −12.9%
1980 9,509 0.2%
1990 8,409 −11.6%
2000 8,243 −2.0%
2010 7,682 −6.8%
Est. 2015 7,228 [5] −12.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790-1960[7] 1900-1990[8]
1990-2000[9] 2010-2013[1]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 7,682 people, 3,292 households, and 2,148 families residing in the county.[10] The population density was 13.5 inhabitants per square mile (5.2 /km2). There were 3,698 housing units at an average density of 6.5 per square mile (2.5 /km2).[11] The racial makeup of the county was 98.4% white, 0.3% Asian, 0.1% American Indian, 0.1% black or African American, 0.4% from other races, and 0.7% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.3% of the population.[10] In terms of ancestry, 42.9% were German, 12.6% were Irish, 11.9% were English, 6.7% were Danish, and 6.4% were American.[12]

Of the 3,292 households, 26.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.9% were married couples living together, 6.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 34.8% were non-families, and 30.7% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.29 and the average family size was 2.84. The median age was 45.3 years.[10]

The median income for a household in the county was $45,202 and the median income for a family was $57,287. Males had a median income of $38,638 versus $31,642 for females. The per capita income for the county was $23,497. About 5.7% of families and 10.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.5% of those under age 18 and 11.4% of those age 65 or over.[13]


As of 2000, 67.9% of the population (5,597) had a declared religious affiliation, in every case Christian. The leading religious denomination was the United Methodist Church, with 23.6% of the population (1,944 members); second was the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod, with 15.4% (1,268 members); third was the Roman Catholic church, with 12% of the population (1,003 members); and fourth was the Evangelical Lutheran church, with 11.8% of the population (978 members).[14]


The county is served by five school districts:[15]

The schools in the Nodaway Valley Community School District are:[16]

The schools in the Orient-Macksburg Community School District are:[17]




Adair County is divided into seventeen townships:

Population rankingEdit

The population ranking of the following table is based on the 2010 census of Adair County.[18]

county seat

Rank City/Town/etc. Municipal type Population (2010 Census)

1 Greenfield City 1,982
2 Stuart (partially in Guthrie County) City 1,648
3 Adair (partially in Guthrie County) City 781
4 Fontanelle City 672
5 Casey (partially in Guthrie County) City 426
6 Orient City 408
7 Bridgewater City 182

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 13, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ The Cook Political Report (2009). "Partisan Voting Index: Districts of the 111th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. Retrieved 2011-11-10. 
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  5. ^ "County Totals Dataset: Population, Population Change and Estimated Components of Population Change: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016. 
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 13, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 13, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 13, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 13, 2014. 
  10. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-13. 
  11. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-13. 
  12. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-13. 
  13. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-13. 
  14. ^ "Religious Congregations & Membership: 2000" (jpg). Glenmary Research Center. Retrieved 2009-04-24. 
  15. ^ Education, Iowa Department of (2009). "Iowa Educational Directory" (PDF). Iowa Department of Education. Archived from the original on 19 December 2009. Retrieved 2009-12-19. 
  16. ^ Nodaway Valley Community School District (2014-01-09). "Nodaway Valley CSD". Nodaway Valley Community School District. Retrieved 2014-01-09. 
  17. ^ Orient-Macksburg Community Schools (2009-11-18). "Orient-Macksburg CSD". Orient-Macksburg Community Schools. Retrieved 2009-12-19. 
  18. ^

External linksEdit

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Coordinates: 41°19′50″N 94°28′16″W / 41.33056, -94.47111

This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Adair County, Iowa. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.

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