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Adair County, Kentucky
Adair County Kentucky courthouse
Adair County Courthouse in Columbia
Map of Kentucky highlighting Adair County
Location in the state of Kentucky
Map of USA KY
Kentucky's location in the U.S.
Founded 1801
Named for John Adair
Seat Columbia
Largest city Columbia
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

412 sq mi (1,067 km²)
405 sq mi (1,049 km²)
7.1 sq mi (18 km²), 1.7%
PopulationEst.
 - (2016)
 - Density

19,280[1]
46/sq mi (18/km²)
Congressional district 1st
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.columbia-adaircounty.com

Adair County is a county located in the U.S. state of Kentucky. As of the 2010 census, the population was 18,656.[2] Its county seat is Columbia.[3] The county was founded in 1801 and named for John Adair, then Speaker of the House in Kentucky and later Governor of Kentucky (1820 – 1824).[4][5]

Adair County has one of the few surviving American Chestnut trees in the United States.[6][7]

Adair County is a wet county as of March 23, 2016.

HistoryEdit

Adair County was formed on December 11, 1801, from sections of Green County.[8] Columbia was chosen as the county seat the following year[8] and the first courthouse was built in 1806.

The county was named in honor of John Adair, a veteran of the Revolutionary War and Northwest Indian War. Later he commanded Kentucky troops in the Battle of New Orleans. He served as the eighth Governor of Kentucky.[8] This was the 44th of Kentucky's 120 counties to be organized.[8]

After the American Civil War, a gang of five men, believed to include Frank and Jesse James from Missouri, robbed the Bank of Columbia of $600 on April 29, 1872. They killed the cashier, R.A.C. Martin, in the course of the robbery.[9]

The courthouse on the Columbia town square, completed in 1884, replaced the original 1806 courthouse.[10]

GeographyEdit

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 412 square miles (1,070 km2), of which 405 square miles (1,050 km2) is land and 7.1 square miles (18 km2) (1.7%) is water.[11] It is part of the Pennyroyal Plateau region of Kentucky and is part of western Appalachia.[8] Over 40% of the county's land is covered with timber.[8]

The Green River is the county's major waterway.[8] The river was impounded to form Green River Lake, the major feature of Green River Lake State Park, which lies in Adair and Taylor counties.[8]

Adjacent countiesEdit

DemographicsEdit

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1810 6,011
1820 8,765 45.8%
1830 8,217 −6.3%
1840 8,466 3.0%
1850 9,898 16.9%
1860 9,509 −3.9%
1870 11,065 16.4%
1880 13,078 18.2%
1890 13,721 4.9%
1900 14,888 8.5%
1910 16,503 10.8%
1920 17,289 4.8%
1930 16,401 −5.1%
1940 18,566 13.2%
1950 17,603 −5.2%
1960 14,699 −16.5%
1970 13,037 −11.3%
1980 15,233 16.8%
1990 15,360 0.8%
2000 17,244 12.3%
2010 18,656 8.2%
Est. 2016 19,280 [12] 11.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[13]
1790-1960[14] 1900-1990[15]
1990-2000[16] 2010-2013[2]

As of the census[17] of 2000, there were 17,244 people, 6,747 households, and 4,803 families residing in the county. The population density was 42 per square mile (16 /km2). There were 7,792 housing units at an average density of 19 per square mile (7.3 /km2). The racial makeup of the county was 96.00% White, 2.55% Black or African American, 0.22% Native American, 0.26% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.19% from other races, and 0.76% from two or more races. 0.77% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 6,747 households out of which 31.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.60% were married couples living together, 10.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.80% were non-families. 26.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 2.93.

In the county, the population was spread out with 23.50% under the age of 18, 10.70% from 18 to 24, 27.70% from 25 to 44, 23.40% from 45 to 64, and 14.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 94.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.60 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $24,055, and the median income for a family was $29,779. Males had a median income of $23,183 versus $17,009 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,931. About 18.20% of families and 24.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 29.60% of those under age 18 and 21.70% of those age 65 or over.

EconomyEdit

Adair County's agrarian economy produces livestock, dairy products, corn, and tobacco.[8] The county experienced a minor oil boom in the 1960s.[8]

Lack of adequate transportation infrastructure hindered the county's prosperity well into the 20th century.[8] The completion of the Cumberland Parkway in 1973 significantly ameliorated this problem.[8]

EducationEdit

The county is served by Adair County Schools.[18]

Its schools are:[19]

PoliticsEdit

Voter RegistrationEdit

Adair County Voter Registration & Party Enrollment as of November 17, 2015[24]
Political Party Total Voters Percentage
Republican 8,759 66.30%
Democratic 3,733 28.26%
Others 462 3.50%
Independent 243 1.84%
Libertarian 13 0.10%
Total 13,211 100%

Statewide ElectionsEdit

Presidential Elections Results[25]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 80.6% 6,637 16.1% 1,323 3.3% 273
2012 76.9% 5,841 21.8% 1,660 1.3% 99
2008 75.5% 5,512 22.9% 1,668 1.6% 118
2004 75.6% 5,628 23.7% 1,764 0.7% 55
2000 74.5% 5,460 24.3% 1,779 1.2% 89
1996 59.3% 3,876 27.9% 1,821 12.9% 841
1992 58.2% 3,740 31.8% 2,044 10.0% 640
1988 71.1% 4,346 28.2% 1,723 0.7% 44
1984 70.9% 4,500 28.6% 1,812 0.5% 32
1980 63.1% 4,051 35.6% 2,285 1.3% 82
1976 56.8% 3,201 42.0% 2,366 1.2% 67
1972 69.8% 3,859 29.1% 1,610 1.1% 62
1968 59.4% 3,239 25.0% 1,362 15.6% 849
1964 51.5% 2,854 48.2% 3,052 0.4% 21
1960 67.1% 4,621 32.9% 2,269 0.0% 0
1956 62.5% 4,157 37.5% 2,491 0.1% 3
1952 63.1% 3,737 36.9% 2,184 0.1% 6
1948 55.8% 2,839 42.1% 2,144 2.1% 106
1944 58.4% 3,414 41.2% 2,411 0.4% 22
1940 57.4% 3,674 42.4% 2,711 0.2% 13
1936 55.7% 3,371 44.1% 2,669 0.2% 10
1932 48.6% 3,084 51.2% 3,251 0.2% 12
1928 69.0% 3,856 31.0% 1,732 0.0% 0
1924 53.4% 2,757 45.9% 2,368 0.7% 38
1920 56.3% 3,526 43.5% 2,725 0.2% 14
1916 52.4% 1,863 47.1% 1,675 0.4% 15
1912 24.4% 786 43.5% 1,398 32.1% 1,033
Previous Gubernatorial Elections Results
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2015 66.33% 2,727 30.84% 1,268 2.82% 116
2011 51.06% 1,877 43.69% 1,606 5.25% 193
2007 67.75% 3,138 32.25% 1,494 0.00% 0
2003 66.22% 3,085 33.78% 1,574 0.00% 0
1999 28.84% 663 62.68% 1,441 8.48% 195
1995 65.84% 2,951 34.09% 1,528 0.07% 3

CommunitiesEdit

CityEdit

Unincorporated communitiesEdit

Below is partial listing of known unincorporated communities within Adair County. A complete listing is available here

Notable residentsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". U.S. Census Bureau. August 15, 2017. https://www.census.gov/programs-surveys/popest.html. Retrieved August 15, 2017. 
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 6, 2011. http://www.webcitation.org/5zyYr9XL5?url=http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/21/21001.html. Retrieved August 11, 2014. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. https://web.archive.org/web/20110531210815/http://www.naco.org/Counties/Pages/FindACounty.aspx. Retrieved June 6, 2011. 
  4. ^ http://www.kyenc.org/entry/a/ADAIR02.html
  5. ^ a b c d Adair County Government (2007-06-06). "Kentucky: Adair County – Overview". Commonwealth of Kentucky. http://www.adaircounty.ky.gov/cogov/. Retrieved 2011-11-10. 
  6. ^ "State's largest historic Chestnut tree stands on an Adair County farm.", Columbia Magazine, 17 June 2005; Retrieved October 5, 2015.
  7. ^ Flavell, John. "American tale: Bringing back the perfect tree.", Daily Independent, 24 July 2009.
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Kleber, p. 2
  9. ^ William A. Settle, Jr., Jesse James Was His Name 44 (1977).
  10. ^ Hogan, Roseann Reinemuth (1992). Kentucky Ancestry: A Guide to Genealogical and Historical Research. Ancestry Publishing. pp. 185. https://books.google.com/books?id=hAVlVS29NKIC&lpg=PA193&dq=%22bell%20county%22%201914%201918%201976&pg=PA185#v=onepage&q=%22bell%20county%22%201914%201918%201976&f=false. Retrieved 26 July 2013. 
  11. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. http://www.census.gov/geo/maps-data/data/docs/gazetteer/counties_list_21.txt. Retrieved August 11, 2014. 
  12. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". https://www.census.gov/programs-surveys/popest/data/tables.2016.html. Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  13. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. http://www.webcitation.org/6YSasqtfX?url=http://www.census.gov/prod/www/decennial.html. Retrieved August 11, 2014. 
  14. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. http://mapserver.lib.virginia.edu. Retrieved August 11, 2014. 
  15. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. http://www.census.gov/population/cencounts/ky190090.txt. Retrieved August 11, 2014. 
  16. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. http://www.census.gov/population/www/cen2000/briefs/phc-t4/tables/tab02.pdf. Retrieved August 11, 2014. 
  17. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. https://web.archive.org/web/20130911234518/http://factfinder2.census.gov/. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  18. ^ Education, Kentucky Department of (2008-12-12). "County & Independent School Districts" (PDF). Kentucky Department of Education. Archived from the original on 2010-01-10. https://web.archive.org/web/20100110211639/http://www.education.ky.gov/NR/rdonlyres/1398DA66-6381-48AC-9DA1-6DEE4AB0D7F5/0/KYDistrictMAP0708.pdf. Retrieved 2009-12-20. 
  19. ^ Adair County Schools (2009-12-05). "ADAIR COUNTY SCHOOLS". Adair County Schools. Archived from the original on 7 January 2010. http://www.adair.k12.ky.us/. Retrieved 2009-12-20. 
  20. ^ Adair County Primary Center (2009-12-15). "CWC Home Page". Colonel William Casey Elementary School. Archived from the original on 23 January 2010. http://www.adair.k12.ky.us/cwce/. Retrieved 2009-12-20. 
  21. ^ Adair County Elementary School. "Adair County Elementary School". Adair County Elementary School. Archived from the original on 7 January 2010. http://www.adair.k12.ky.us/aces/index.html. Retrieved 2009-12-20. 
  22. ^ Adair County Middle School. "Untitled Document". Adair County Middle School. Archived from the original on 23 January 2010. http://www.adair.k12.ky.us/acms/index.html. Retrieved 2009-12-20. 
  23. ^ Adair County High School. "Adair County High School – Columbia, Kentucky". Adair County High School. Archived from the original on 18 December 2009. http://www.adair.k12.ky.us/achs/index.htm. Retrieved 2009-12-20. 
  24. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-11-26. https://web.archive.org/web/20141126165602/https://vr.sos.ky.gov/stats/voterstatscounty.pdf. Retrieved 2014-11-28. 
  25. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS
  26. ^ Who Was Who in America, Historical Volume, 1607-1896. Chicago: Marquis Who's Who. 1967. 
  27. ^ Western Kentucky University (2011). "Coach E.A. Diddle". Western Kentucky University. http://www.wku.edu/athletictraditions/ea_diddle.php. Retrieved 2011-11-10. 
  28. ^ Janice Holt Giles.
  29. ^ Marine Corps Scholarship Foundation (2011). "Life – Dakota Meyer – Honoring Marines by Educating Their Children". Marine Corps Scholarship Foundation. Archived from the original on 2011-11-01. https://web.archive.org/web/20111101143451/http://www.dakotameyer.com/life.html. Retrieved 2011-11-10. 
  30. ^ 'Prominent Men Dead-Judge Pinkney H. Walker,' Chicago Tribune, February 9, 1885, pg. 1
  31. ^ IMDb.com, Inc. (2011). "Evelyn West – IMDb". IMDb.com, Inc.. http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0922067/. Retrieved 2011-11-10. 

Further readingEdit

Flowers, Randy; Nancy S. Willis; Beverly England; Dorothy Gerrick. Adair County, Kentucky: A Pictorial History. Columbia, Kentucky: Adair County Genealogical Society. pp. 152. 

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 37°07′N 85°17′W / 37.11, -85.28


This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Adair County, Kentucky. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.

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