|— County —|
|Official language form||Bokmål|
|• Governor||Hans J. Røsjorde
|• County Mayor||Nils Aage Jegstad
|Area(#16 in Norway, 1.50% of Norway's land area)|
|• Total||4,918 km2 (1,899 sq mi)|
|• Land||4,579 km2 (1,768 sq mi)|
|• Density||107/km2 (280/sq mi)|
|• Change (10 years)||13.7 %|
|• Rank in Norway||2 (10.67% of nation)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|Income (per capita)||182,400 NOK|
|GDP (per capita)||228,868 NOK (2001)|
|National Rank:||3 (7.12% of nation)|
Akershus (help·info) is a county in Norway, bordering Hedmark, Oppland, Buskerud, Oslo, and Østfold; it has also a short border with Sweden (Värmland). Akershus is the second largest county by population after Oslo, with more than half a million inhabitants. The county is named after Akershus Fortress. The county administration is in Oslo, which is not part of the county per se.
The county is conventionally divided into the traditional districts Follo and Romerike, which fill the great bulk of the county, as well as the small enclave west of Oslo that consists of Asker and Bærum. This became the result after the transferring of the great municipality of Aker (surrounding Oslo) from Akershus county to Oslo in 1948.
Embracing numerous suburbs of Oslo, notably Bærum, Akershus is one of the most densely populated areas in the country. The main national railway lines into Oslo run through Akershus with many junctions and stations such as Asker, Sandvika, Ski, and Lillestrøm. Akershus includes some of the lake Mjøsa and some of the river Glomma.
The county also includes the historical place Eidsvoll, 48 km north of Oslo, in which the National assembly voted the Norwegian constitution in 1814. South of Eidsvoll is the international airport of Oslo Airport at Gardermoen. The estate of the crown prince is located in Asker.
Akershus became a fief in the 16th century, and then also included the current counties of Hedmark, Oppland, Buskerud and Oslo, as well as the municipalities of Askim, Eidsberg and Trøgstad in the county of Østfold. In 1662 Akershus became an Amt, and in 1685 Buskerud was separated from Akershus and became an Amt of its own. In 1768 Hedmark and Oppland were also separated from Akershus to become Oplandenes Amt (and Askim, Eidsberg and Trøgstad were transferred to Østfold). In 1842 the city of Christiania (Oslo) was made a separate Amt as well. In 1919 the name Amt was changed to Fylke. In 1948 Aker, the greatest and the most populous municipality of Akershus, was transferred to the county of Oslo.
The county is named after Akershus Fortress. The fortress was built in 1299, and the meaning of the name is "the (fortified) house of (the district) Aker". The name is actually misleading nowadays, since the fortress today lies outside Akershus (since 1842 in the county of Oslo). In fact, the administration of Akershus meets outside the county as well (in the center of Oslo).
The coat-of-arms is from modern times (1987). It shows a gable from Akershus fortress.
Akershus has a total of 22 municipalities:
|This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Akershus. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.|