Albrecht III. von Habsburg (1348-1395)

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Albrecht III. von Habsburg, Herzog von Österreich, Herzog von Kärnten, Graf von Tirol, was born circa 1348 in Vienna, Austria to Albrecht II. von Habsburg (1298-1358) and Johanna of Pfirt (1300-1351) and died 29 August 1395 in Laxenburg, Lower Austria, Austria of unspecified causes. He married Elisabeth of Bohemia (1358-1373) after 19 March 1366 . He married Beatrix von Zollern (1362-1414) 1375 in Vienna, Austria. Notable ancestors include Charlemagne (747-814), Henry II of England (1133-1189), William I of England (1027-1087), Hugh Capet (c940-996), Alfred the Great (849-899), Rurik (c832-879). Ancestors are from Switzerland, Germany, France, the United Kingdom, Belgium, Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, the Netherlands, the Byzantine Empire, Italy.

Albert III of Austria (9 September 1349 – 29 August 1395), known as Albert with the Pigtail (German: Herzog Albrecht III "mit dem Zopf"), was a duke of Austria and a member of the House of Habsburg.


Albert III was born in Vienna, the third son of Duke Albert II of Austria and his wife Joanna of Pfirt. Even though his father had determined that the eldest son should be the sole successor, after his father's death in 1358, Albert later inherited the rule from his two older brothers Rudolf IV and Frederick III and later shared it with his younger brother Leopold III.

In 1377, Albert went on a crusade against the pagan Lithuanians and Samogitians.

After Rudolf's and Frederick's death without an heir, Albert and his remaining brother, Leopold III, entered, in 1379, into the Treaty of Neuberg to divide the Habsburg territories. Albert received Austria proper while Leopold ruled over Styria, Carinthia, Tyrol and Further Austria.

His government was beneficial to the realm, as he supported the arts and sciences. Albert was an apt scholar himself, particularly as a mathematician. He expanded the University of Vienna and attempted to refurbish Vienna.

Albert died in August 1395 at the castle Schloss Laxenburg. He is buried in the Ducal Crypt in the Stephansdom cathedral in Vienna.

Family and children

Albert III was married twice. The first marriage, after 19 March 1366, was with Elisabeth of Bohemia (1358-1373), daughter of Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor. This marriage was childless; his wife died at age fifteen. Secondly, he married Beatrix of Nuremberg, daughter of Frederick V of Nuremberg and Elisabeth of Meissen who gave him his only son, Albert IV, who succeeded him. Elisabeth of Meissen was descended from the Babenberg dukes of Austria.


Offspring of Albrecht III. von Habsburg and Beatrix von Zollern (1362-1414)
Name Birth Death Joined with
Albrecht IV. von Habsburg (1377-1404) 19 September 1377 Vienna, Austria 14 September 1404 Klosterneuburg, Lower Austria, Austria Joanna Sophia von Wittelsbach (c1373-1410)

Namesakes of Albrecht III. von Habsburg (1348-1395)

  Birth place Death place Father Mother Joined with
Albrecht III. von Habsburg (1348-1395) Vienna, Austria Laxenburg, Lower Austria, Austria Albrecht II. von Habsburg (1298-1358) Johanna of Pfirt (1300-1351) Elisabeth of Bohemia (1358-1373) + Beatrix von Zollern (1362-1414)
Albrecht IV. von Habsburg (1377-1404) Vienna, Austria Klosterneuburg, Lower Austria, Austria Albrecht III. von Habsburg (1348-1395) Beatrix von Zollern (1362-1414) Joanna Sophia von Wittelsbach (c1373-1410)
Albrecht IV von Habsburg (1188-1239) Rudolf II. von Habsburg (-1232) Agnes von Staufen (-1291) Heilwig von Kyburg (c1192-1260)
Albrecht II von Muri (?-1141) Werner I von Habsburg (1025-1096) Reginlinde von Nellenburg (1027-1090) Judenta von Ortenburg-Hirrlingen (?-?)
Albrecht III von Habsburg (-1199) Werner II von Habsburg (-1167) Ita von Starkenberg (?-?) Ita von Pfullendorf-Bregenz (?-?)
Albrecht VI. von Österreich (1418-1463) Vienna, Austria Vienna, Austria Ernst von Habsburg (1377-1424) Cymburgis of Mazovia (c1394-1429) Mechthild von der Pfalz (1419-1482)
Albrecht II. von Habsburg (1298-1358) Habsburg, Switzerland Vienna, Austria Albrecht I von Habsburg (1255-1308) Elisabeth von Kärnten (1262-1313) Johanna of Pfirt (1300-1351)
Albrecht I von Habsburg (1255-1308) Rheinfelden, Aargau, Switzerland Königsfelden, Aargau, Switzerland Rudolf I von Habsburg (1218-1291) Gertrud Anna von Hohenberg (c1225-1281) Elisabeth von Kärnten (1262-1313)

Common ancestors of Albrecht III. von Habsburg (1348-1395) and Elisabeth of Bohemia (1358-1373)

  1. Albrecht IV von Habsburg (1188-1239)
  2. Burchard V. von Hohenberg (c1201-1253)
  3. Gertrud Anna von Hohenberg (c1225-1281)
  4. Heilwig von Kyburg (c1192-1260)
  5. Rudolf I von Habsburg (1218-1291)
    Common ancestors of Albrecht III. von Habsburg (1348-1395) and Beatrix von Zollern (1362-1414)
  1. Agnes von der Pfalz (c1201-1267)
  2. Elizabeth von Bayern (c1227-1273)
  3. Gertrud Anna von Hohenberg (c1225-1281)
  4. Meinhard von Görz und Tirol (1238-1295)
  5. Otto II. von Bayern (1206-1253)
  6. Rudolf I von Habsburg (1218-1291)

Sources and notes


Albrecht III. von Habsburg (1348-1395)
Born: 9 September 1349 Died: 29 August 1395
Preceded by
Rudolf IV
Duke of Austria
with Leopold III (1365-1379)
Succeeded by
Albert IV
Duke of Styria
with Leopold III
Succeeded by
Leopold III
Duke of Carinthia
with Leopold III
Count of Tyrol
with Leopold III
Preceded by
Leopold III
Count of Tyrol
Succeeded by
Leopold IV
NAME Albert III, Duke of Austria
ALTERNATIVE NAMES Albert with the Pigtail (nickname); Albrecht III., Graf von Habsburg (German)
SHORT DESCRIPTION Duke of Austria (1365-1395)
DATE OF BIRTH 9 September 1349
DATE OF DEATH 29 August 1395
PLACE OF DEATH Schloss Laxenburg

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