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Alleghany County, Virginia

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Alleghany County, Virginia
Seal of Alleghany County, Virginia
Seal
Map of Virginia highlighting Alleghany County
Location in the state of Virginia
Map of USA VA
Virginia's location in the U.S.
Founded 1822
Named for Alleghany Mountains
Seat Covington
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

446 sq mi (1,155 km²)
445 sq mi (1,153 km²)
1 sq mi (3 km²), 0.22%
Population
 -  Density

16,250
36.5/sq mi (14/km²)
Website www.co.alleghany.va.us

Alleghany County is a county located in the U.S. state of Virginia. It is the northernmost part of the Roanoke Region.[1] As of 2010, the population was 16,250.[2][3] Its county seat is Covington.[4]

Note: The town of Clifton Forge is not included in any Alleghany County population data in the main article. In 2000, Clifton Forge was an independent city separate from the county. However, in 2001, Clifton Forge relinquished its city charter and reincorporated as a town; as a town, it is now a part of Alleghany County. The 2000 population of what is now Alleghany County (including Clifton Forge) was 17,215. The article includes geographic data from before and after the reincorporation of Clifton Forge into the county.

HistoryEdit

Alleghany County was established on January 5, 1822, from parts of Botetourt, Bath, and Monroe counties. It was named for the Allegheny Mountains, in which it is located. During the Civil War, the iron for the CSS Virginia (Merrimac) came from Longdale Furnace in the county. Regiments from Alleghany County were at the surrender at Appomattox.

GeographyEdit

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county had a total area of 446 square miles (1,160 km2) in 2000. 445 square miles (1,150 km2) is land and 1 square mile (2.6 km2) (0.23%) is water.

After Clifton Forge rejoined the county in 2001, the county's total area increased to 449 square miles (1,160 km2). The land area is now 448 square miles (1,160 km2), and the water area was unchanged. The total area is now 0.22% water.

Adjacent countiesEdit

National protected areasEdit

CommunitiesEdit

TownsEdit

CDPsEdit

Unincorporated communitiesEdit

Though it is the county seat, Covington is an independent city, and thus not is not part of Alleghany County.

DemographicsEdit

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1830 2,816
1840 2,749 −2.4%
1850 3,515 27.9%
1860 6,765 92.5%
1870 3,674 −45.7%
1880 5,586 52.0%
1890 9,283 66.2%
1900 16,330 75.9%
1910 14,173 −13.2%
1920 15,332 8.2%
1930 20,188 31.7%
1940 22,688 12.4%
1950 23,139 2.0%
1960 12,128 −47.6%
1970 12,461 2.7%
1980 14,333 15.0%
1990 13,176 −8.1%
2000 12,926 −1.9%
2010 16,250 25.7%

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 12,926 people, 5,149 households, and 3,866 families residing in the county. The population density was 29 people per square mile (11/km²). There were 5,812 housing units at an average density of 13 per square mile (5/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 96.35% White, 2.45% Black or African American, 0.21% Native American, 0.24% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.20% from other races, and 0.53% from two or more races. 0.36% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 42.9% were of American, 11.6% German, 11.0% English and 9.8% Irish ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 5,149 households out of which 29.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.20% were married couples living together, 8.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.90% were non-families. 22.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 2.85.

The age distribution is 22.80% under the age of 18, 6.20% from 18 to 24, 26.80% from 25 to 44, 28.50% from 45 to 64, and 15.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 99.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.30 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $38,545, and the median income for a family was $45,843. Males had a median income of $35,120 versus $20,855 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,635. About 4.90% of families and 7.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.60% of those under age 18 and 10.80% of those age 65 or over.

TransportationEdit

Amtrak, the national passenger rail service, provides service to the Clifton Forge station (12 miles (19 km) away from Covington) with the Cardinal route. Also Clifton Forge serves a major locomotive fuel facility for CSX Transportation.

The area is serviced by Interstate 64 ( east west) and Route 220 a (north south) offering interstate truck access to the area.

Major highwaysEdit

EconomyEdit

Its economy is dominated by MeadWestvaco, which operates a paperboard mill in Covington, the second largest on the East Coast and an extrusion and converting facility in Low Moor. Both Alleghany County and Covington, VA are known for the low cost of its housing market and close proximity to The Homestead in Bath County, VA, Lexington, VA, The Greenbrier in White Sulphur Springs, Lewisburg, West Virginia, a 45 minute drive in any direction and Roanoke, VA about an hour away. Covington has a team in the Valley Baseball League called the Lumberjacks.

SchoolsEdit

Alleghany County is serviced by one high school, Alleghany High School (grades 9-12); one middle school, Clifton Middle School (grades 6-8), and five pre-kindergarten to grade 5 elementary schools: Boiling Spring Elementary, Callaghan Elementary, Falling Spring Elementary, Mountain View Elementary and Sharon Elementary. The county also contains one Virginia state governors school, the Jackson River Governor's School; one technical center, the Jackson River Technical Center; and the Dabney S. Lancaster Community College.

PoliticsEdit

Presidential election results
Year GOP DEM Others
2008 50.4% 3,715 48.2% 3,553 1.4% 101
2004 55.1% 3,962 44.5% 3,203 0.4% 30
2000 54.8% 2,808 43.2% 2,214 2.0% 101
1996 39.7% 2,015 47.3% 2,398 13.1% 661
1992 40.6% 2,294 42.4% 2,396 17.1% 967
1988 51.9% 2,555 47.0% 2,316 1.1% 55
1984 60.9% 3,067 38.4% 1,932 0.8% 38
1980 45.9% 2,185 50.7% 2,411 3.3% 160
1976 41.2% 1,756 57.7% 2,462 1.1% 47
1972 67.5% 2,584 27.9% 1,069 4.6% 177
1968 43.5% 1,649 26.0% 988 30.5% 1,156
1964 41.1% 1,104 58.8% 1,580 0.0% 1
1960 48.8% 1,214 50.8% 1,265 0.4% 9

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Roanoke Region of Virginia
  2. ^ [1]. 2010 U.S. Census Data: Virginia. Retrieved February 16, 2011
  3. ^ [2]. Weldon Cooper Center 2010 Census Count Retrieved September 8, 2011
  4. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Counties/Pages/FindACounty.aspx. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  5. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 37°47′N 80°01′W / 37.78, -80.01


This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Alleghany County, Virginia. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.

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