|Scottish Gaelic: Ailt|
Alyth shown within Scotland
|OS grid reference|
|Council area||Perth and Kinross|
|Lieutenancy area||Perth and Kinross|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|UK Parliament||Perth and North Perthshire|
Mid Scotland and Fife
|List of places: UK • Scotland •|
Alyth (Gaelic: Ailt) is a village in Perth and Kinross, Scotland, situated under the Hill of Alyth five miles northeast of Blairgowrie. The village has a population of 2,301 (as of 2001). It has a primary school and did have a high school up to fourth year until 1994, when it was closed and all pupils removed to Blairgowrie for high school or Webster's High School situated in nearby Kirriemuir.
Alyth is located on a burn which bears its name and owes its position to a confluence of drovers' roads used by hill farmers to bring their sheep down to market. A picturesque 17th century pack-horse bridge is among a number of stone bridges crossing the burn in the village (see photo). The ruins of the old church, known locally as The Arches, stand in a graveyard in a prominent position at the top of the town. The current church building, completed in 1839 to the design of Edinburgh architect, Thomas Hamilton, dominates the skyline of the town. It is Gothic in style, with Romanesque influences, especially in the windows, and has an unusually high spire. Inside the church is to be found the funeral escutcheon of Sir George Ramsay, sixth baronet of Bamff, who was killed in a duel at Musselburgh, in April 1790 - one of the last duelling deaths in Scotland. In the church porch is preserved a late 7th-early 8th century Pictish cross-slab, with a decorated cross on one face and a single Pictish symbol ('double disc and Z-rod') on the other. It was discovered in Alyth in 1887 when ground was being levelled in front of the manse.
History and ArchaeologyEdit
To the northeast of the town a hill-fort, possibly of Pictish date, stands atop Barry (or 'barrow') Hill. The remains consist of massive collapsed stone ramparts that take advantage of the topography of the Hill. Local legend connects the fort with King Arthur, and it is claimed that Guinevere, Arthur's queen, was imprisoned here for a short time.
- Archaeological Excavation of a souterrain - Shanzie Farm
A late British Iron Age souterrain was excavated by a team of Headland Archaeology in Shanzie Farm, c 3.5. north-east of Alyth . The underground structure was roughly C-shaped in plan and measured c 35 metres in length. There was a single chamber c 5m long and an entrance to the south-east. For the most part, the souterrain had been badly plough truncated and the walls survived as a single course. The northern terminal of the souterrain was better preserved, where 3-4 courses of wall survive. The chamber here narrowed and had been filled with rubble to a depth. The walls also started to corbell inwards indicating this was originally a stone-capped structure rather than timber roofed. No evidence of associated settlement or any other surface features were identified; these have undoubtedly been lost to the plough. The structure is typical of the 'southern Pictland group' 
The souterrain had clearly been broken into during the Victorian period, but also, during medieval times. Finds included several types of late prehistoric pottery, a fragment of probable Roman pottery, an amber ring, a pair of tweezers, a brooch or clasp, two copper alloy rings and a fragment from a quern stone. The souterrain was partially backfilled allowing visitors to see the structure in plan.
A golf club was established in Alyth in 1894. The original nine hole course was designed by the Old Tom Morris of St. Andrews and was later modified and extended to 18 holes by James Braid (1934). A further two clubs have opened since then, the Strathmore Golf Centre (1986) with an 18 and a 9 hole course and the Glenisla Club (1992).
The village has a small local museum, open in summer, which is run by Perth Museum. This has access to the arches, the oldest buildings in Alyth.
- ^ Comparative Population Profile: Alyth Locality
- ^ Neil Wilson and Alan Murphy, Scotland, 2004, 444 pages ISBN 1-74104-156-2
- ^ C.Michael Hogan, Eassie Stone, The Megalithic Portal, ed. Andy Burnham, Oct. 7, 2007
- ^ Coleman, R and Hunter, F (2002) "The excavation of a souterrain at Shanzie Farm, Alyth, Perthshire" Tayside and Fife Archaeological Journal vol 8 (2002), 77-101.
- ^ 
- ^ Wainright, F.T. (1963) The Souterrains of Southern Pictland London.
|This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Alyth. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.|