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|Admin. region||Middle Franconia|
|Lord Mayor||Carda Seidel (BAP/FWG/ödp)|
|Area||99.92 km2 (38.58 sq mi)|
|Elevation||405 m (1329 ft)|
|Population||40,253 (31 December 2010)|
|- Density||403 /km2 (1,043 /sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)|
Ansbach, or Anspach, originally Onolzbach, is a town in Bavaria, Germany. It is the capital of the administrative region of Middle Franconia. Ansbach is situated 25 miles (40 km) southwest of Nuremberg and 90 miles (140 km) north of Munich, on the Fränkische Rezat, a tributary of the Main river. Population: 40,723 (2004).
A Benedictine monastery at the place was founded around 748 by a Franconian noble, Gumbertus, who was later canonized. In the following centuries the monastery and the adjoining village (Onoldsbach) grew to become the town of Ansbach (called a town in 1221 for the first time).
The counts of Oettingen ruled over Ansbach until the Hohenzollern burgraves of Nuremberg took over in 1331. The Hohenzollerns made Ansbach the seat of their dynasty until their acquisition of the Margraviate of Brandenburg in 1415. However, after the 1440 death of Frederick I, Elector of Brandenburg, the Franconian cadet branch of the family was not politically united with the main Brandenburg line, remaining independent as "Brandenburg-Ansbach".
In 1792 Ansbach was annexed by the Hohenzollerns of Prussia. In 1796 the Duke of Zweibrücken, Maximilian Joseph, the future Bavarian king Max I. Joseph, was exiled to Ansbach after Zweibrücken had been taken by the French. In Ansbach Maximilian von Montgelas wrote an elaborate concept for the future political organisation of Bavaria, which is known as the "Ansbacher Mémoire". In 1806 Prussia ceded Ansbach and the Principality of Ansbach to Bavaria in exchange for the Bavarian duchy of Berg.
During World War II, a subcamp of Flossenburg concentration camp was located here. Also during the Second World War the Luftwaffe and Wehrmacht had bases here. The nearby airbase was the home station for the Stab & I/KG53 (Staff & 1st Group of Kampfgeschwader 53) operating 38 Heinkel He 111 bombers. On 1 September 1939 this unit was one of the many that participated in the attack on Poland that started the war. During the Western Allied invasion of Germany in April 1945, the airfield was seized by the United States Third Army, and used by the USAAF 354th Fighter Group which flew P-47 Thunderbolts from the aerodrome (designated ALG R-82) from late April until the German capitulation on 7 May 1945.
Since 1970, Ansbach has enlarged its municipal area by incorporating adjacent communities.
Ansbach was a small town largely by-passed by the Industrial Revolution, an administrative and cultural center. Although all bridges were destroyed, the historical center of Ansbach was spared during World War II and it has kept its baroque character.
Ansbach hosts several units of the U.S. armed forces, associated with German units under NATO. There are five separate U.S. installations: Shipton Kaserne, home to 412th Aviation Support Battalion, Katterbach Kaserne, formally the home of the 1st Infantry Division's 4th Combat Aviation Brigade, which has been replaced by the 12th Combat Aviation Brigade as of 2006, as part of the 1st Infantry Division's return to Fort Riley, Kansas; Bismarck Kaserne, which functions as a satellite post to Katterbach, hosting their Post Exchange, Theater, Barracks, Franconia Inn, Military Police, and other support agencies, Barton Barracks, home to the USAG Ansbach and Bleidorn Barracks, which has a library and housing. Ansbach was also home to the 1st Armored Division (United States) during the early 1990s.
- Eyb, part of Ansbach since October 1, 1970
- Bernhardswinden, part of Ansbach since July 1, 1972
- Brodswinden, part of Ansbach since July 1, 1972
- Claffheim, part of Ansbach since July 1, 1972
- Elpersdorf bei Ansbach, part of Ansbach since July 1, 1972
- Hennenbach, part of Ansbach since July 1, 1972
- Neuses bei Ansbach, part of Ansbach since July 1, 1972
- Schalkhausen, part of Ansbach since July 1, 1972
Ansbach is twinned with:
In the late sixteenth century, the physician to margrave Georg Friedrich was the famous botanist, Leonhart Fuchs.
Ansbach was home of the astronomer Simon Marius, who observed Jupiter's moons from the castle's tower. Later he claimed to be the discoverer of the moons, which led to a dispute with the true discoverer, Galileo Galilei.
Ansbach was the birthplace of the early chemist, Georg Ernst Stahl.
John James Maximilian Oertel, (1811–1882), born in Ansbach, was a Lutheran clergyman who later converted to Roman Catholicism, became a professor of German at Fordham University in the United States, and later edited and founded several newspapers in the United States, including one that would become the leading German-language newspaper in the county, Baltimore's Kirchenzeitung.
Also the Bavarian Major General and War Minister Moritz Ritter von Spies (1805–1862) was born in Ansbach.
Kaspar Hauser lived in Ansbach from 1830 to 1833. He was murdered in the palace gardens.
Theodor Escherich, bacteriologist and paediatrician, born in Ansbach in 1857. Bacterial genus Escherichia (e.g. Escherichia coli) was named after him in 1919, eight years after his death.
Hermann Fegelein SS Reichsfuhrer Heinrich Himmler's Adjutant and Adolf Hitler's brother in law was a great admirer of his birthplace, Ansbach.
Herb Schraml, 1936- , Artist,Born in Ansbach, in 1936, Responsible for many of the murals seen in and around Leavenworth,WA. A Bavarian Themed tourist destination in Central Washington state.
- Castle of the Margraves of Brandenburg-Ansbach
- Margrave museum
- Kaspar Hauser Monument
- St. Gumbertus and St. Johannis churches, both fifteenth century
- ^ "Fortschreibung des Bevölkerungsstandes" (in German). Bayerisches Landesamt für Statistik und Datenverarbeitung. 31 December 2010. https://www.statistikdaten.bayern.de/genesis/online?language=de&sequenz=tabelleErgebnis&selectionname=12411-009r&sachmerkmal=QUASTI&sachschluessel=SQUART04&startjahr=2010&endjahr=2010.
- ^ Christine O'Keefe. Concentration Camps.
- ^ 354 Operations Group Fact Sheet, USAFHRA
- ^ USAAF Airfields in the ETO
- ^ AAF Airfields in France, Belgium, Netherlands, Luxembourg
- ^ 
- ^ Who Was Who in America, Historical Volume, 1607–1896. Chicago: Marquis Who's Who. 1963.
- Official Website (German, English, French)
- Ansbach information
- US Army Garrison Ansbach - Ansbach Military Community
- Ansbach University of Applied Sciences
|This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Ansbach. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.|