is the 113th day of the year (114th in April 22 leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 252 days remaining until the end of the year.
1500 - Portuguese navigator Pedro Álvares Cabral becomes the first European to sight Brazil.
1509 - Henry VIII ascends the throne of England after the death of his father.
1529 - Treaty of Saragossa divides the eastern hemisphere between Spain and Portugal along a line 297.5 leagues or 17° east of the Moluccas.
1836 - Texas Revolution: A day after the Battle of San Jacinto forces under Texas General Sam Houston capture Mexican General Antonio López de Santa Anna.
1863 - American Civil War: Grierson's Raid begins – troops under Union Colonel Benjamin Grierson attack central Mississippi.
1864 - The U.S. Congress passes the Coinage Act which mandates that the inscription " In God We Trust" be placed on all coins minted as United States currency.
1876 - The Boston Red Stockings defeat the Philadelphia Athletics 6-5 in the first National League Baseball game
1889 - At high noon, thousands rush to claim land in the Land Run of 1889. Within hours the cities of Oklahoma City and Guthrie are formed with populations of at least 10,000.
1898 - Spanish-American War: The United States Navy begins a blockade of Cuban ports and the USS captures a Nashville Spanish merchant ship.
1912 - the "voice" of the Pravda, Communist Party of the Soviet Union, begins publications in Saint Petersburg.
1915 - The use of poison gas in World War I escalates when chlorine gas is released as a chemical weapon in the Second Battle of Ypres.
1930 - The United Kingdom, Japan and the United States sign the London Naval Treaty regulating submarine warfare and limiting shipbuilding.
1944 - World War II: Operation Persecution initiated – Allied forces land in the Hollandia (currently known as Jayapura) area of New Guinea.
1945 - World War II: After learning that Soviet forces have taken Eberswalde without a fight, Adolf Hitler admits defeat in his underground bunker and states that suicide is his only recourse.
1946 - The first installment of the popular Japanese comic strip, , is published in the Sazae-san Fukunichi Shimbun.
1954 - Red Scare: Army-McCarthy Hearings begin.
1964 - The 1964-1965 New York World's Fair opens for its first season.
1970 - First Earth Day celebrated.
1972 - Vietnam War: Increased American bombing in Vietnam prompts antiwar protests in New York City, San Francisco, and Los Angeles.
1983 - The German magazine, claims that Der Stern Adolf Hitler's diaries were found in a wreckage in East Germany.
1992 - 1992 explosion in Guadalajara, Mexico ; 206 people were killed, nearly 500 injured and 15,000 were left homeless
1993 - The Holocaust Memorial Museum in Washington is dedicated.
1993 - The web browser Mosaic version 1.0 is released.
1997 - Haouch Khemisti massacre in Algeria; 93 villagers killed.
1997 - A 126-day hostage crisis at the residence of the Japanese ambassador in Lima, Peru ends after government commandos storm and capture the building, rescuing 71 hostages. One hostage dies of a heart attack, two soldiers are killed from rebel fire, and all 14 rebels are slain.
1998 - Disney's Animal Kingdom opens at Walt Disney World near Orlando, United States.
2000 - In a predawn raid, federal agents seize six-year-old Elián González from his relatives' home in Miami.
2000 - The Big Number Change takes place in the United Kingdom.
2004 - Two fuel trains collide in Ryongchon, North Korea, killing up to 150 people.
2006 - 243 people were injured in pro-democracy protest in Nepal after Nepali security forces opened fire on protesters against King Gyanendra.
2006 - Jalal Talabani sworn in for a second term as President of Iraq.
2006 - Four Canadian soldiers are killed 75 kilometers north of Kandahar, Afghanistan by a roadside bomb planted by Taliban militants, the worst single day combat loss for the Canadian army since the Korean War.
1451 - Queen Isabella of Castile and Leon (d. 1504)
1550 - Edward de Vere, Lord Great Chamberlain of England (d. 1604)
1610 - Pope Alexander VIII (d. 1691)
1658 - Giuseppe Torelli, Italian composer (d. 1709)
1690 - John Carteret, English statesman (d. 1763)
1692 - James Stirling, Scottish mathematician (d. 1770)
1707 - Henry Fielding, English author (d. 1754)
1711 - Eleazar Wheelock, American founder of Dartmouth College (d. 1779)
1724 - Immanuel Kant, German philosopher (d. 1804)
1766 - Madame de Staël, French author (d. 1817)
1812 - Solomon Caesar Malan, British orientalist (d. 1894)
1816 - Charles Denis Bourbaki, French general
1832 - Julius Sterling Morton, Arbor Day founder (d. 1902
1840 - Odilon Redon, French painter (d. 1916)
1844 - Lewis Thornton Powell, would-be assassin of Secretary of State William H. Seward (d. 1865)
1852 - Guillaume IV (d. 1912)
1854 - Henri La Fontaine, Belgian lawyer, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (d. 1943)
1860 - Ada Rehan, American stage actress (d. 1916)
1868 - Archduchess Marie Valerie of Austria (d. 1924)
1870 (N.S.) - Vladimir Lenin, Russian revolutionary (d. 1924)
1873 - Ellen Glasgow, American author (d. 1945)
1876 - Robert Bárány, American physician, Nobel laureate (d. 1936)
1876 - Georg Lurich, Estonian wrestler (d. 1920)
1881 - Alexander Kerensky, Russian politician (d. 1970)
1884 - Otto Rank, Austrian psychologist (d. 1939)
1889 - Richard Glücks, German SS officer (d. 1945)
1891 - Harold Jeffreys, English astronomer (d. 1989)
1891 - Nicola Sacco, American anarchist (d. 1927)
1891 - Vittorio Jano, Italian engineer (d. 1965)
1899 - Vladimir Nabokov, Russian writer (d. 1977)
1904 - Robert Oppenheimer, American physicist (d. 1967)
1905 - Robert Choquette, French Canadian novelist, poet and diplomat (d. 1991)
1906 - Eddie Albert, American actor (d. 2005)
1906 - Prince Gustaf Adolf, second in line to the Swedish throne (d. 1946)
1907 - Ivan Efremov, Russian paleontologist and author (d. 1972)
1909 - Rita Levi-Montalcini, Italian neurologist, Nobel laureate
1909 - Indro Montanelli, Italian journalist and historian (d. 2001)
1910 - Norman Steenrod, American mathematician (d. 1971)
1912 - Kathleen Ferrier, British singer (d. 1953)
1914 - Jan de Hartog, Dutch writer (d. 2002)
1916 - Yehudi Menuhin, American-born violinist (d. 1999)
1918 - Mickey Vernon, baseball player
1919 - Donald J. Cram, American chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 2001)
1922 - Charles Mingus, American musician (d. 1979)
1922 - Wolf V. Vishniac, American microbiologist (d. 1973)
1923 - Bettie Page, American model
1923 - Aaron Spelling, American television producer (d. 2006)
1925 - George Cole, British actor
1926 - Charlotte Rae, American actress
1926 - James Stirling, British architect (d. 1992)
1927 - Laurel Aitken, Jamaican singer (d. 2005)
1935 - Paul Chambers, American jazz bassist (d. 1969)
1936 - Glen Campbell, American musician
1936 - Pierre Hétu, French Canadian conductor and pianist (d. 1998)
1937 - Jack Nicholson, American actor
1937 - Jack Nitzsche, American composer (d. 2000)
1939 - Jason Miller, American playwright (d. 2001)
1939 - Theodor Waigel, German politician and finance minister
1943 - Louise Glück, American poet and 12th US Poet Laureate
1944 - Steve Fossett, American adventurer
1946 - John Waters, American film writer
1946 - Louise Harel, Quebec politician
1946 - Nicole Garcia, French actress and director
1950 - Peter Frampton, English musician
1950 - Zygi Wilf, owner of the Minnesota Vikings
1951 - Paul Carrack, English musician
1952 - Marilyn Chambers, American actress
1952 - François Berléand, French actor
1953 - Juhani Komulainen, Finnish composer
1955 - Johnnie To, Hong Kong film director and producer
1958 - Ken Olandt, American actor
1959 - Catherine Mary Stewart, Canadian actress
1959 - Ryan Stiles, Canadian-born actor
1960 - Gary Rhodes, English chef
1962 - Jeff Minter, English video game programmer
1965 - Lauri Hendler, actress
1965 - Peter Zezel, Canadian ice hockey player
1966 - Mariana Levy, Mexican actress (d. 2005)
1966 - Jeffrey Dean Morgan, American actor
1967 - Sheryl Lee, American actress
1967 - Harvey Williams, American football player
1968 - Zarley Zalapski, Canadian ice hockey player
1969 - Dion Dublin, English footballer
1970 - Andrea Giani, Italian volleyball player
1970 - Regine Velasquez, Filipino singer and actress
1971 - Daisuke Enomoto, first Japanese space tourist
1972 - Owen Finegan, Australian rugby union footballer
1973 - Ofer Talker, Israeli footballer
1974 - Shavo Odadjian, Armenian-born bassist ( System of a Down)
1975 - Greg Moore, Canadian race car driver (d. 1999)
1975 - Carlos Sastre, Spanish cyclist
1976 - Michał Żewłakow, Polish footballer
1976 - Paul Henderson, Australian soccer player
1976 - Dan Cloutier, Canadian ice hockey player
1977 - Mark van Bommel, Dutch footballer
1977 - Aaron Fink, American guitarist ( Breaking Benjamin)
1978 - Jason Stollsteimer, American singer and lead guitarist ( The Von Bondies)
1978 - Esteban Tuero, Argentinian race car driver
1979 - Daniel Johns, Australian musician ( Silverchair)
1980 - Nicolas Douchez, French footballer
1980 - Carlos Hernández, Venezuelan baseball player
1980 - Courtney Friel, presenter of World Poker Tour
1981 - Ken Dorsey, American football player
1982 - Kaká, Brazilian footballer
1982 - Tim Hamilton, Slovak adult movie actor
1983 - Matt Jones, American football player
1984 - Michelle Ryan, English actress
1984 - Amelle Berrabah, British singer ( Sugababes)
1986 - Dusan Sakota, Serbian-Greek basketball player
296 - Pope Caius
455 - Petronius Maximus, Roman Emperor
536 - Pope Agapetus I
1592 - Bartolomeo Ammanati, Italian architect (b. 1511)
1672 - Georg Stiernhielm, Swedish poet (b. 1598)
1699 - Hans Erasmus Aßmann, German statesman (b. 1646)
1758 - Antoine de Jussieu, French naturalist (b. 1686)
1778 - James Hargreaves, English inventor (b. 1720)
1806 - Pierre-Charles Villeneuve, French admiral (stabbed) (b. 1763)
1833 - Richard Trevithick, English inventor (b. 1771)
1839 - Denis Davydov, Russian general and poet (b. 1784)
1854 - Nicolás Bravo, Mexican politician and soldier (b. 1786)
1892 - Edouard Lalo, French composer (b. 1823)
1896 - Thomas Meik, British civil engineer (b. 1812)
1908 - Henry Campbell-Bannerman, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1836)
1925 - André Caplet, French composer (b. 1878)
1930 - Jeppe Aakjaer, Danish poet (b. 1866)
1933 - Henry Royce, British automobile manufacturer (b. 1863)
1945 - Käthe Kollwitz, German artist (b. 1867)
1945 - Wilhelm Cauer, German mathematician (b. 1900)
1946 - Harlan F. Stone, Chief Justice of the United States Supreme Court (b. 1872)
1946 - Lionel Atwill, English Actor (b. 1885)
1951 - Horace Donisthorpe, British entomologist (b. 1870)
1968 - Stephen H. Sholes, American recording executive (b. 1911)
1978 - Will Geer, American actor (b. 1902)
1980 - Jane Froman, American actor (b. 1907)
1980 - Fritz Strassmann, German physicist (b. 1902)
1983 - Earl "Fatha" Hines, American jazz pianist (b. 1903)
1983 - John Louis Evans, convicted murderer (executed) (b. 1950)
1984 - Ansel Adams, American photographer (b. 1902)
1985 - Paul H. Emmett, American chemical engineer (b. 1900)
1985 - Jacques Ferron, French Canadian physician, author and politician (b. 1921)
1986 - Mircea Eliade, Romanian writer (b. 1907)
1988 - Irene Rich, American actress (b. 1891)
1994 - Richard Nixon, President of the United States (b. 1913)
1995 - Maggie Kuhn, American activist (b. 1905)
1996 - Erma Bombeck, American humorist (b. 1927)
1998 - Kitch Christie, South African rugby coach (b. 1940)
1999 - Apostolos Nikolaidis, Greek singer (b. 1938)
2002 - Linda Lovelace, American adult actress (b. 1949)
2003 - Martha Griffiths, U.S. Congresswoman (b. 1912)
2003 - Michael Larrabee, American athlete (b. 1933)
2003 - Felice Bryant, American songwriter (b. 1925)
2004 - Pat Tillman, American football player and U.S. Army Ranger (killed in action) (b. 1976)
2004 - Jason L. Dunham, American Medal of Honor recipient (b. 1981)
2005 - Philip Morrison, American physicist (b. 1915)
2005 - Erika Fuchs, German translator (b. 1906)
2005 - Norman Bird, UK character actor (b. 1920)
2006 - Alida Valli, Italian actress (b. 1921)
2007 - Juanita Millender-McDonald, congresswoman from southern California (b. 1938)
Holidays and observances Edit
Religious observances Edit
^ a b Holweck, F. G.
A Biographical Dictionary of the Saints. St. Louis, MO: B. Herder Book Co. 1924.
External links Edit
62 Familypedia people were born on April 22
61 Familypedia people died on April 22
62 Familypedia people were first married on April 22