is the 95th day of the year (96th in April 5 leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 270 days remaining until the end of the year.
456 - St. Patrick returns to Ireland as a missionary bishop.
1242 - During a battle on the ice of Lake Peipus, Russian forces, led by Alexander Nevsky, rebuff an invasion attempt by the Teutonic Knights.
1566 - 200 Netherlands noblemen, led by Hendrik van Brederode, force themselves into the presence of Margaret of Parma and present the Petition of Compromise, denouncing the Inquisition in the Netherlands and demanding its immediate dismantling. Margaret agrees to suspend the Inquisition while a delegation is sent to Spain to petition Philip II himself.
1609 - Daimyo (Lord) of the Satsuma clan in Southern Kyūshū, Japan, completes his successful invasion of the Ryūkyū Kingdom in Okinawa.
1614 - In Virginia, Native American Pocahontas marries English colonist John Rolfe.
1621 - The sets sail from Mayflower Plymouth on a return trip to Great Britain.
1654 - The Treaty of Westminster, ending the First Anglo-Dutch War, is signed.
1792 - U.S. President George Washington vetoes a bill designed to apportion representatives among U.S. states. This was the first time the presidential veto had been used in the United States.
1804 - The first recorded meteorite falls in Possil, Scotland ( High Possil Meteorite).
1862 - American Civil War: Battle of Yorktown. The battle begins when Union forces under General George B. McClellan close in on the Confederate capital Richmond.
1874 - Birkenhead Park, the first civic public park, was opened in Birkenhead.
1897 - The Greco-Turkish War, also called "Thirty Days' War", is declared between Greece and the Ottoman Empire.
1923 - Firestone Tire and Rubber Company starts production of balloon- tires.
1930 - In an act of civil disobedience, Mohandas Gandhi breaks British law after marching to the sea and making salt.
1932 - Alcohol prohibition in Finland ended. Alcohol sales started in Alko liquor stores.
1932 - Dominion of Newfoundland: 10,000 rioters seized the Colonial Building leading to the end of self government.
1936 - Tupelo-Gainesville Outbreak: An F5 tornado slams into the north side of Tupelo, killing 233. It is the 4th deadliest tornado in U.S. history.
1942 - World War II: Japanese Navy attacks Colombo in Ceylon ( Sri Lanka). Royal Navy Cruisers HMS and Cornwall HMS are sunk southwest of the island.
Dorsetshire 1944 - World War II: 270 inhabitants of the Greek town Kleisoura are executed by the Germans.
1945 - Cold War: Yugoslav leader Josip "Tito" Broz signs an agreement with the USSR allowing "temporary entry of Soviet troops into Yugoslav territory."
1946 - Soviet troops leave the island of Bornholm, Denmark after occupying it for approximately 11 months.
1949 - Fireside Theater debuts on television.
1949 - A fire in a hospital in Effingham, United States, kills 77 people resulting in nationwide fire code improvements.
1951 - Ethel and Julius Rosenberg are sentenced to death for performing espionage for the Soviet Union.
1955 - Winston Churchill resigns as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom amid indications of failing health.
1956 - Fidel Castro declares himself at war with the President of Cuba.
1956 - In Sri Lanka, the Mahajana Eksath Peramuna won the general elections in a landslide and S.W.R.D. Bandaranaike sworn in as the Prime Minister.
1957 - In India, Communists won the first elections in united Kerala and E. M. S. Namboodiripad sworn in as the first chief minister.
1969 - Vietnam War: Massive antiwar demonstrations are held in New York City, San Francisco, Los Angeles, Washington, and other cities around the United States.
1971 - In Sri Lanka, Janatha Vimukthi Peramuna launches insurrection against the United Front government of Mrs Sirimavo Bandaranaike.
1972 - Vietnam War: North Vietnamese forces invade Binh Long Province, launching a second front of the Nguyen Hue Offensive.
1973 - Pierre Messmer becomes Prime Minister of France.
1976 - In the People's Republic of China, the April Fifth Movement leads to the Tiananmen incident.
1986 - Bombing of the La Belle Discotheque in West Berlin, Germany, kills three.
1991 - ASA Embraer EMB 120 crashes in Brunswick, United States, killing all 23 aboard.
1992 - Several hundred-thousand abortion rights demonstrators march in Washington
1992 - Alberto Fujimori Peruvian president (1990-2000) dissolved the Peruvian congress, the first of many cuestionable acts
1992 - Siege of Sarajevo begins when Serb paramilitaries murder peace protesters Suada Dilberovic and Olga Sucic on the Vrbanja Bridge.
1993 - The Child Support Act 1991, administered by the Child Support Agency, comes into effect in the United Kingdom.
1998 - In Japan, the Akashi-Kaikyo Bridge linking Shikoku with Honshū and costing about US$3.8 billion, opens to traffic, becoming the largest suspension bridge in the world.
1999 - Two Libyans suspected of bringing down Pan Am flight 103 in 1988 are handed over for eventual trial in the Netherlands.
2005 - ABC News anchor Peter Jennings informs his viewers that he has lung cancer. This was his final broadcast.
2007 - Cardinal Tarcisio Bertone named Camerlengo of Holy Roman Church
2007 - Mei Xiang the panda was artificially inseminated
1288 - Emperor Go-Fushimi of Japan (d. 1336)
1472 - Bianca Maria Sforza, wife of Maximilian I (d. 1510)
1523 - Blaise de Vigenère, French cryptographer (d. 1596)
1588 - Thomas Hobbes, English philosopher (d. 1679)
1604 - Charles IV (d. 1675)
1622 - Vincenzo Viviani, Italian mathematician (d. 1703)
1649 - Elihu Yale, American benefactor of Yale University (d. 1721)
1692 - Adrienne Lecouvreur, French actress (d. 1730)
1732 - Jean-Honoré Fragonard, French artist (d. 1806)
1784 - Louis Spohr, German violinist (d. 1859)
1816 - Samuel Freeman Miller, U.S. Supreme Court Justice (d. 1890)
1827 - Joseph Lister, English surgeon (d. 1912)
1832 - Jules Ferry, French statesman (d. 1893)
1837 - Algernon Charles Swinburne, English poet (d. 1909)
1856 - Booker T. Washington, American educator (d. 1915)
1869 - Sergei Chaplygin, Russian physicist and engineer (d. 1942)
1871 - Mirko Seljan, Croatian explorer (d. 1913?)
1875 - Mistinguett, French vaudeville performer (d. 1956)
1893 - Clas Thunberg, Finnish speed skater (d. 1973)
1900 - Spencer Tracy, American actor (d. 1967)
1901 - Melvyn Douglas, American actor (d. 1981)
1906 - Lord Buckley, American monologist (d. 1960)
1908 - Bette Davis, American actress (d. 1989)
1908 - Herbert von Karajan, Austrian conductor (d. 1989)
1908 - Jagjivan Ram, Indian politician (d. 1986)
1909 - Albert R. Broccoli, American film producer (d. 1996)
1912 - John Le Mesurier, British actor (d. 1983)
1916 - Gregory Peck, American actor (d. 2003)
1917 - Robert Bloch, American author (d. 1994)
1920 - Arthur Hailey, American writer (d. 2004)
1920 - Rafique Zakaria, Indian author (d. 2005)
1922 - Tom Finney, English footballer
1922 - Christopher Hewett, British actor (d. 2001)
1922 - Gale Storm, American singer
1923 - Michael V. Gazzo, American actor (d. 1995)
1923 - Nguyen Van Thieu, President of South Vietnam (d. 2001)
1926 - Roger Corman, American film director
1928 - Tony Williams, American singer ( The Platters) (d. 1992)
1929 - Hugo Claus, Belgian writer
1929 - Ivar Giaever, Norwegian physicist, Nobel laureate
1929 - Nigel Hawthorne, British actor (d. 2001)
1929 - Joe Meek, English record producer
1933 - Larry Felser, American sports columnist
1934 - Frank Gorshin, American actor (d. 2005)
1934 - Roman Herzog, German politician
1934 - Stanley Turrentine, American jazz saxophonist (d. 2000)
1935 - Peter Grant, British music manager (d. 1995)
1936 - John Kelly, Irish republican politician (d. 2007)
1937 - Colin Powell, U.S. Secretary of State
1939 - Ronald White, American singer and songwriter (d. 1995)
1939 - Crispian St. Peters, British singer
1941 - Michael Moriarty, American actor
1941 - Dave Swarbrick, British folk musician
1942 - Peter Greenaway, Welsh film director
1943 - Max Gail, American actor
1944 - Pedro Rossello, Puerto Rican politician
1945 - Tommy Smith, English footballer
1946 - Jane Asher, British actress
1947 - Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, 14th President of the Philippines
1948 - Les Binks, British musician, former drummer for Judas Priest
1948 - Dave Holland, British musician ( Judas Priest)
1949 - Judith Resnik, American astronaut (d. 1986)
1950 - Agnetha Fältskog, Swedish singer ( ABBA)
1951 - Dean Kamen, inventor
1952 - Mitch Pileggi, American actor
1954 - Stan Ridgway, American musician ( Wall of Voodoo)
1955 - Janice Long, English broadcaster
1955 - Akira Toriyama, Japanese manga artist
1955 - Charlotte de Turckheim, French actress
1961 - Lisa Zane, American actress
1962 - Lana Clarkson, American actress (d. 2003)
1964 - Steve Beaton, English darts player
1964 - Christopher "Kid" Reid, American rapper ( Kid 'n Play)
1965 - Cris Carpenter, baseball player
1965 - Mike McCready, American musician ( Pearl Jam)
1967 - Gary Gait, Canadian lacrosse player
1968 - Paula Cole, American musician
1970 - Miho Hatori, Japanese singer and songwriter ( Cibo Matto)
1972 - Krista Allen, American actress
1972 - Tom Coronel, Dutch racing driver
1972 - Pat Green, American Singer and Songwriter
1973 - Élodie Bouchez, French actress
1973 - Pharrell Williams, American producer ( The Neptunes)
1974 - Sahaj Ticotin, musician/producer ( Ra)
1974 - Uhm Tae Woong, South Korean actor
1975 - John Hartson, Welsh footballer
1976 - Kim Collins, Nevisian sprinter
1976 - Ryan Drese, baseball player
1976 - Ross Gload, American baseball player
1976 - Simone Inzaghi, Italian footballer
1976 - Fernando Morientes, Spanish footballer
1976 - John Hartson, Welsh footballer
1978 - Franziska van Almsick, German swimmer
1978 - Stephen Jackson, American basketball player
1979 - Timo Hildebrand, German footballer
1980 - John McLaughlin
1980 - Matt Bonner, American basketball player
1980 - Lee Jae Won, South Korean actor, singer, and rapper
1982 - Thomas Hitzlsperger, German footballer
1982 - Alexandre Prémat, French racing driver
1984 - Shin Min-a, South Korean model and actress
582 - Eutychius, Patriarch of Constantinople
1168 - Robert de Beaumont (b. 1104)
1419 - Vincent Ferrer, Spanish missionary and saint (b. 1350)
1605 - Adam Loftus, English Protestant archbishop in Ireland
1617 - Alonso Lobo, Spanish composer
1673 - François Caron, French explorer (b. 1600)
1676 - John Winthrop, American politician (b. 1606)
1693 - Anne, French writer (b. 1627)
1695 - George Savile, English writer (b. 1633)
1697 - King Charles XI of Sweden (b. 1655)
1717 - Jean Jouvenet, French painter (b. 1647)
1735 - William Derham, English minister and writer (b. 1657)
1735 - Samuel Wesley, English poet (b. 1662)
1765 - Edward Young, English poet (b. 1683)
1794 - Georges Danton, French Revolutionary leader (b. 1759)
1794 - Camille Desmoulins, French journalist and politician (b. 1760)
1900 - Joseph Louis François Bertrand, French mathematician (b. 1822)
1923 - George Herbert, English financier (b. 1866)
1928 - Roy Kilner, English cricketer (b. 1890)
1945 - Karl Otto Koch, German SS-officer (b. 1897)
1946 - Vincent Youmans, American songwriter (b. 1898)
1964 - General Douglas MacArthur, American general (b. 1880)
1966 - General Arthur Ernest Percival, British Army officer (b. 1887)
1967 - Hermann Joseph Muller, American geneticist, Nobel laureate (b. 1890)
1967 - Mischa Elman, Ukrainian violinist (b. 1891)
1969 - Ain-Ervin Mere, Estonian Nazi (b. 1903)
1969 - Shelby Storck, American television producer (b. 1917)
1970 - Alfred Henry Sturtevant, American geneticist (b. 1891)
1972 - Brian Donlevy, American actor (b. 1901)
1973 - John Coleman, Australian rules footballer (b. 1928)
1974 - A. Y. Jackson, Canadian painter (b. 1882)
1975 - Chiang Kai-shek, 1st President of the Republic of China (b. 1887)
1976 - Howard Hughes, American aviator (b. 1905)
1976 - Wilder Penfield, Canadian surgeon (b. 1891)
1979 - Eugène Gabritschevsky, Russian biologist and artist (b. 1893)
1981 - Bob Hite, American singer ( Canned Heat) (b. 1945)
1982 - Abe Fortas, U.S. Supreme Court Justice (b. 1910)
1983 - Danny Rapp, American musician ( Danny & the Juniors) (b. 1941)
1991 - John Tower, American politician (b. 1925)
1991 - Sonny Carter, American astronaut (b. 1947)
1992 - Molly Picon, French actress (b. 1898)
1992 - Sam Walton, American retailer (b. 1918)
1994 - Kurt Cobain, American musician ( Nirvana) (b. 1967)
1997 - Allen Ginsberg, American poet (b. 1926)
1998 - Cozy Powell, British musician (b. 1947)
1999 - Paul David, French Canadian cardiologist (b. 1919)
2000 - Lee Petty, American race car driver (b. 1914)
2001 - Brother Theodore, German comedian (b. 1906)
2002 - Layne Staley, American musician ( Alice in Chains) (b. 1967)
2004 - Heiner Zieschang, German mathematician (b. 1936)
2004 - Sławomir Rawicz, Polish soldier (b. 1915)
2005 - Saul Bellow, Canadian-born writer, Nobel laureate (b. 1915)
2005 - Dale Messick, American comic strip artist (b. 1906)
2005 - Debralee Scott, American actress (b. 1953)
2005 - John Sichel, British film and television director
2006 - Gene Pitney, American singer (b. 1941)
2007 - Mark St. John, American musician ( Kiss)(b. 1956)
2007 - Darryl Stingley, American football player (b. 1951)
2007 - Maria Gripe, Swedish writer (b. 1923)
2007 - Leela Majumdar, Bengali writer (b. 1908)
2007 - Poornachandra Tejaswi, Kannada writer (b. 1938)
Holidays and observances Edit
Liturgical feasts Edit
External links Edit
68 Familypedia people were born on April 5
91 Familypedia people died on April 5
68 Familypedia people were first married on April 5