- Grandson of Noah
- Progenitor of Levantine nations
Aram (Hebrew: אֲרָם ’Ărām) is a son of Shem, according to the Table of Nations in Genesis 10 of the Hebrew Bible, and the father of Uz, Hul, Gether and Mash or Meshech. The Book of Chronicles lists Aram, Uz, Hul, Gether, and Meshech as descendants of Shem, although without stating explicitly that Aram is the father of the other four.
Aram is usually regarded as being the eponymous ancestor of the Aramaean people of Northern Mesopotamia and Syria.
Here the narrative in Genesis 10 is in disagreement with a similar line 1 Chronicles that purports that the for sons of Aram belong also to Shem:
22 The children of Shem; Elam, and Asshur, and Arphaxad, and Lud, and Aram.
23 And the children of Aram; Uz, and Hul, and Gether, and Mash.
Genesis 10:22-23 - KJV Translation
17 The sons of Shem; Elam, and Asshur, and Arphaxad, and Lud, and Aram, and Uz, and Hul, and Gether, and Meshech.
1 Chr 1:17 - KJV Translation
The Arameans were not a single nation but a widespread branch of the Semitic race. In the King James Version they are generally called Syrians. According to Gen. 10:22 Aram was son of Shem, but in Gen. 22:21 he is called son of Kemuel and grandson of Nahor. The Arameans therefore had kinship with the Hebrews. Their oldest seats were in Aram-naharaim (meaning the land within the bend of the [Euphrates] River). From an early date there were many Arameans in Assyria and Babylonia, and in these countries the Aramaic language finally prevailed over the old Assyrian and was only displaced by the Arab conquest.
|Offspring of Aram and unknown parent|
|Uz ben Aram|| |
|Hul ben Aram|| |
|Gether ben Aram|| |
|Meshech ben Aram||Mesopotamia||Mesopotamia|
|Offspring of Shem and unknown parent|
|Ashur ben Shem||Mesopotamia||Mesopotamia|| |
|Arpachshad ben Shem||Mesopotamia||Mesopotamia|| Rasu'aya|
|Aram ben Shem||Mesopotamia||Mesopotamia|| |
|Elam ben Shem||Mesopotamia||Mesopotamia|| |
|Lud ben Shem||Mesopotamia||Mesopotamia|| |
|Daughters of Shem|