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Atchison County, Kansas
Atchison county kansas courthouse 1974
Atchison County Courthouse in Atchison
Map of Kansas highlighting Atchison County
Location in the state of Kansas
Map of USA KS
Kansas's location in the U.S.
Founded August 25, 1855
Named for David Rice Atchison
Seat Atchison
Largest city Atchison
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

434 sq mi (1,124 km²)
431 sq mi (1,116 km²)
2.6 sq mi (7 km²), 0.6%
PopulationEst.
 - (2016)
 - Density

16,380
39/sq mi (15/km²)
Congressional district 2nd
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5

Atchison County (county code AT) is a county located in northeastern Kansas, in the Central United States. As of the 2010 census, the county population was 16,924.[1] Its county seat and most populous city is Atchison.[2] The county is named in honor of David Rice Atchison, a United States Senator from Missouri.[3]

HistoryEdit

Early historyEdit

For many millennia, the Great Plains of North America was inhabited by nomadic Native Americans. From the 16th century to 18th century, the Kingdom of France claimed ownership of large parts of North America. In 1762, after the French and Indian War, France secretly ceded New France to Spain, per the Treaty of Fontainebleau.

19th centuryEdit

In 1802, Spain returned most of the land to France, but keeping title to about 7,500 square miles. In 1803, most of the land for modern day Kansas was acquired by the United States from France as part of the 828,000 square mile Louisiana Purchase for 2.83 cents per acre.

In 1854, the Kansas Territory was organized, then in 1861 Kansas became the 34th U.S. state. In 1855, Atchison County was established.

GeographyEdit

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 434 square miles (1,120 km2), of which 431 square miles (1,120 km2) is land and 2.6 square miles (6.7 km2) (0.6%) is water.[4] It is the fourth-smallest county by area in Kansas.

On July 4, 1804, to mark Independence Day, the Lewis and Clark Expedition named Independence Creek (River) located near the city of Atchison (see Timeline of the Lewis and Clark Expedition).

Adjacent countiesEdit

Major highwaysEdit

Sources: National Atlas,[5] U.S. Census Bureau[6]

DemographicsEdit

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1860 7,729
1870 15,507 100.6%
1880 26,668 72.0%
1890 26,758 0.3%
1900 28,606 6.9%
1910 28,107 −1.7%
1920 23,411 −16.7%
1930 23,945 2.3%
1940 22,222 −7.2%
1950 21,496 −3.3%
1960 20,898 −2.8%
1970 19,165 −8.3%
1980 18,397 −4.0%
1990 16,932 −8.0%
2000 16,774 −0.9%
2010 16,924 0.9%
Est. 2016 16,380 [7] −2.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
1790-1960[9] 1900-1990[10]
1990-2000[11] 2010-2016[1]
USA Atchison County, Kansas age pyramid

Population pyramid

Atchison County comprises the Atchison, KS Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Kansas City-Overland Park-Kansas City, MO-KS Combined Statistical Area.

As of the 2000 census,[12] there were 16,774 people, 6,275 households, and 4,279 families residing in the county. The population density was 39 people per square mile (15/km²). There were 6,818 housing units at an average density of 16 per square mile (6/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 91.62% White, 5.32% Black or African American, 0.55% Native American, 0.34% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 0.51% from other races, and 1.59% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.95% of the population.

There were 6,275 households out of which 32.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.30% were married couples living together, 10.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.80% were non-families. 27.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 3.05.

In the county, the population was spread out with 26.70% under the age of 18, 11.30% from 18 to 24, 24.50% from 25 to 44, 21.40% from 45 to 64, and 16.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 93.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.30 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $34,355, and the median income for a family was $40,614. Males had a median income of $29,481 versus $20,485 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,207. About 7.90% of families and 13.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.80% of those under age 18 and 17.90% of those age 65 or over.

Law and governmentEdit

Presidential Elections Results[13]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 61.6% 4,049 30.3% 1,989 8.2% 537
2012 58.7% 3,917 38.5% 2,567 2.9% 190
2008 52.7% 3,791 45.1% 3,241 2.2% 159
2004 54.5% 3,880 43.8% 3,120 1.7% 118
2000 49.0% 3,378 46.0% 3,171 5.1% 351
1996 43.3% 2,828 44.8% 2,926 12.0% 784
1992 33.5% 2,521 39.3% 2,959 27.2% 2,050
1988 49.0% 3,243 48.0% 3,177 2.9% 194
1984 62.5% 4,537 36.4% 2,641 1.1% 77
1980 53.9% 4,084 40.4% 3,063 5.7% 434
1976 48.3% 4,030 49.2% 4,108 2.5% 206
1972 67.8% 5,471 29.8% 2,404 2.4% 191
1968 46.0% 3,644 42.7% 3,379 11.4% 899
1964 38.2% 3,147 61.2% 5,037 0.6% 45
1960 52.3% 4,793 47.3% 4,336 0.3% 31
1956 64.1% 5,608 35.8% 3,134 0.1% 9
1952 64.6% 6,004 35.3% 3,283 0.1% 9
1948 51.0% 4,141 48.2% 3,910 0.8% 62
1944 58.6% 4,731 41.2% 3,325 0.3% 20
1940 56.1% 5,921 43.2% 4,557 0.8% 82
1936 47.6% 5,312 52.1% 5,817 0.3% 31
1932 45.2% 4,778 53.3% 5,640 1.5% 157
1928 63.7% 6,647 36.0% 3,756 0.4% 37
1924 63.8% 6,246 22.5% 2,199 13.7% 1,341
1920 65.0% 5,872 34.1% 3,082 0.9% 77
1916 48.6% 4,624 48.7% 4,634 2.7% 254
1912 27.4% 1,535 43.7% 2,449 28.9% 1,618
1908 54.9% 3,244 43.9% 2,593 1.2% 68
1904 64.3% 3,542 33.6% 1,854 2.1% 117
1900 55.5% 3,390 43.9% 2,682 0.5% 32
1896 52.7% 3,326 46.9% 2,963 0.4% 28
1892 49.2% 2,666 50.8% 2,756
1888 52.1% 3,219 42.1% 2,603 5.8% 357

Atchison County was a prohibition, or "dry", county until the Kansas Constitution was amended in 1986 and voters approved the sale of alcoholic liquor by the individual drink with a 30% food sales requirement.[14]

EducationEdit

Unified school districtsEdit

CommunitiesEdit

Map of Atchison Co, Ks, USA

2005 KDOT Map of Atchison County (map legend)

CitiesEdit

Unincorporated communitiesEdit

TownshipsEdit

Atchison County is divided into eight townships. The city of Atchison is considered governmentally independent and is excluded from the census figures for the townships. In the following table, the population center is the largest city (or cities) included in that township's population total, if it is of a significant size.

Township FIPS Population
center
Population Population
density
/km² (/sq mi)
Land area
km² (sq mi)
Water area
km² (sq mi)
Water % Geographic coordinates
Benton 06150 Effingham 1,076 7 (18) 156 (60) 0 (0) 0.25% 39°30′20″N 95°23′37″W / 39.50556, -95.39361
Center 11550 676 5 (13) 139 (54) 0 (0) 0.15% 39°28′52″N 95°16′54″W / 39.48111, -95.28167
Grasshopper 28225 Muscotah 588 3 (9) 170 (66) 1 (0) 0.52% 39°35′12″N 95°30′4″W / 39.58667, -95.50111
Kapioma 36100 271 2 (6) 123 (48) 0 (0) 0.05% 39°29′6″N 95°31′8″W / 39.485, -95.51889
Lancaster 38350 Lancaster 922 6 (15) 156 (60) 0 (0) 0.28% 39°35′56″N 95°18′38″W / 39.59889, -95.31056
Mount Pleasant 48925 829 7 (17) 124 (48) 0 (0) 0.09% 39°29′17″N 95°11′3″W / 39.48806, -95.18417
Shannon 64275 1,753 12 (32) 140 (54) 2 (1) 1.16% 39°35′15″N 95°9′26″W / 39.5875, -95.15722
Walnut 74800 427 5 (12) 94 (36) 2 (1) 2.34% 39°27′55″N 95°5′3″W / 39.46528, -95.08417
Sources: "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files". U.S. Census Bureau, Geography Division. https://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/places2k.html. 

See alsoEdit

Information on this and other counties in Kansas

Other information for Kansas


ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/20/20005.html. Retrieved July 21, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. https://web.archive.org/web/20110531210815/http://www.naco.org/Counties/Pages/FindACounty.aspx. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "Profile for Atchison County, Kansas". ePodunk. http://www.epodunk.com/cgi-bin/genInfo.php?locIndex=4444. Retrieved 4 June 2014. 
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. https://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/gazette.html. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  5. ^ National Atlas Script error
  6. ^ U.S. Census Bureau TIGER shape files
  7. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". https://www.census.gov/programs-surveys/popest/data/tables.2016.html. Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  8. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. https://www.webcitation.org/6YSasqtfX?url=http://www.census.gov/prod/www/decennial.html. Retrieved July 21, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. http://mapserver.lib.virginia.edu. Retrieved July 21, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/population/cencounts/ks190090.txt. Retrieved July 21, 2014. 
  11. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/population/www/cen2000/briefs/phc-t4/tables/tab02.pdf. Retrieved July 21, 2014. 
  12. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. https://web.archive.org/web/20130911234518/http://factfinder2.census.gov/. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  13. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS
  14. ^ "Map of Wet and Dry Counties". Alcoholic Beverage Control, Kansas Department of Revenue. November 2004. Archived from the original on 2007-10-08. https://web.archive.org/web/20071008013617/http://www.ksrevenue.org/abcwetdrymap.htm. Retrieved 2007-01-21. 
  15. ^ Ingalls, Sheffield (1916). History of Atchison County, Kansas. Standard Publishing Company. pp. 127. https://books.google.com/books?id=dBA1AQAAMAAJ&pg=PA127#v=onepage&q&f=false. 
  16. ^ Ingalls, Sheffield (1916). History of Atchison County, Kansas. Standard Publishing Company. pp. 85. https://books.google.com/books?id=dBA1AQAAMAAJ&pg=PA85#v=onepage&q&f=false. 

Further readingEdit

External linksEdit

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This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Atchison County, Kansas. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.