is the 223rd day of the year (224th in August 11 leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 142 days remaining until the end of the year.
3114 BC - On this date in the proleptic Gregorian calendar begins our current era in the Maya Long Count Calendar.
2492 BC - Traditional date of the defeat of Bel by Hayk, progenitor and founder of the Armenian nation.
586 BC - The First Temple (originally built by King Solomon) is destroyed by the Babylonians in Jerusalem.
480 BC - Greco-Persian Wars: Battle of Artemisium - The Persians achieve a naval victory over the Greeks in an engagement fought near Artemisium, a promontory on the north coast of Euboea. The Greek fleet holds its own against the Persians in three days of fighting but withdraws southward when news comes of the defeat at Thermopylae.
70 - The Second Temple is destroyed by the Roman army in Jerusalem.
355 - Claudius Silvanus, accused of treason, proclaims himself Roman Emperor against Constantius II.
1259 - Mongke Khan, the Khagan of the Mongols, dies while conducting the siege against Fishing Town in Chongqing, China, then under the control of the Song Dynasty. International historical sources note three differing accounts of his death; one states he died of an arrow wound received from a Chinese archer during the siege; one states he was killed by dysentery; another states he was killed by a sudden cholera epidemic. Whatever the cause, his death sparks a succession crisis in the Mongol Empire between his brothers Kublai Khan and Ariq Böke.
1492 - Alexander VI is elected Pope.
1711 - The first race meeting was held at Ascot
1786 - Captain Francis Light established the British colony of Penang in Malaysia
1804 - Francis II assumed title of first Emperor of Austria
1828 - William Corder is hanged at Bury St. Edmunds, England, for the murder of Maria Marten at the Red Barn a year ago.
1858 - First ascent of the Eiger.
1898 - Spanish-American War: American troops enter the city of Mayagüez, Puerto Rico.
1918 - World War I - Battle of Amiens ends
1919 - Constitution of Weimar Republic adopted
1919 - The 12-time NFL champion Green Bay Packers were formed by Curly Lambeau and George Whitney Calhoun.
1920 - The Latvia- Bolshevist Russia peace treaty, which relinquished Russia's authority and pretenses to Latvia, is signed.
1929 - Babe Ruth becomes the first baseball player to hit 500 home runs in his career with a home run at League Park in Cleveland.
1934 - Federal prison opened at Alcatraz Island.
1952 - Hussein proclaimed king of Jordan
1960 - Chad declares independence.
1965 - Race riots (the Watts riots) begin in Watts area of Los Angeles.
1968 - The last steam passenger train service ran in Britain. A British Rail steam locomotive made the 314-mile journey from Liverpool to Carlisle and returned to Liverpool before being dispatched to the Wrecking yard.
1970 - A trademark application by the Van Brode Milling Company for the word Spork was published by the USPTO.
1972 - Vietnam War: The last United States ground combat unit depart South Vietnam.
1975 - East Timor: Governor Mário Lemos Pires of Portuguese Timor abandons the capital Dili, following a coup by the Timorese Democratic Union (UDT) and the outbreak of civil war between UDT and Fretilin.
1984 - United States President Ronald Reagan, during a voice check for a radio broadcast remarks "My fellow Americans, I'm pleased to tell you today that I've signed legislation that will outlaw Russia forever. We begin bombing in five minutes".
1987 - Alan Greenspan becomes Chairman of the United States Federal Reserve.
1992 - The Mall of America, the biggest shopping mall in the country, opened in Bloomington, Minnesota.
1999 - A total solar eclipse visible from Europe and Asia.
solar eclipse observed from France.
1667 - Anna Maria Luisa de' Medici, last of the Medicis (d. 1743)
1673 - Richard Mead, English physician (d. 1754)
1718 - Sir Frederick Haldimand, Swiss-born British colonial governor (d. 1791)
1722 - Richard Brocklesby, English physician (d. 1797)
1794 - James Barton Longacre, American engraver (d. 1869)
1807 - David Rice Atchison, American politician (d. 1886)
1833 - Robert G. Ingersoll, American politician and soldier (d. 1899)
1833 - Kido Takayoshi, Japanese politician (d. 1877)
1836 - Warren Brown, American politician (d. 1919)
1837 - Marie François Sadi Carnot, French statesman (d. 1894)
1858 - Christiaan Eijkman, Dutch physician, Nobel Prize Laureate (d. 1930)
1863 - Gaston Doumergue, President of the French Third Republic (d. 1937)
1870 - Tom Richardson, English cricketer (d. 1912)
1870 - Walter Bowman, Canadian soccer player (d. ?)
1872 - Shidehara Kijuro, Prime Minister of Japan (d. 1951)
1892 - Eiji Yoshikawa, Japanese novelist (d. 1962)
1892 - Hugh MacDiarmid, Scottish poet (d. 1978)
1897 - Louise Bogan, American poet (d. 1970)
1897 - Enid Blyton, English author (d. 1968)
1900 - Philip Phillips, American archaeologist (d. 1994)
1902 - Alfredo Binda, Italian cyclist (d. 1986)
1902 - Lloyd Nolan, American actor (d. 1985)
1905 - Erwin Chargaff, Austrian biochemist (d. 2002)
1907 - Ted a'Beckett, Australian cricketer (d. 1989)
1912 - Eva Ahnert-Rohlfs, German astronomer (d. 1954)
1912 - Thanom Kittikachorn, Prime Minister of Thailand (d. 2004)
1913 - Angus Wilson, British novelist (d. 1991)
1913 - Paul Dupuis, French Canadian actor (d. 1976)
1914 - José Silva, American parapsychologist (d. 1999)
1916 - Johnny Claes, Belgian racing driver (d. 1956)
1919 - Ginette Neveu, French violinist (d. 1949)
1920 - Chuck Rayner, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 2002)
1921 - Alex Haley, American historian (d. 1992)
1925 - Mike Douglas, American entertainer (d. 2006)
1925 - Floyd Curry, National Hockey League player (d. 2006)
1926 - Aaron Klug, Lithuanian-born chemist, Nobel Prize Laureate
1928 - Arlene Dahl, American actress
1932 - Fernando Arrabal, Spanish writer
1932 - Israel Asper, Canadian tax lawyer (d. 2003)
1932 - John Gorrie, English director
1933 - Jerry Falwell, American preacher (d. 2007)
1936 - Andre Dubus, American short-story writer (d. 1999)
1938 - Branko Stanovnik, Slovenian chemist
1939 - Ronnie Dawson, American rockabilly performer (d. 2003)
1942 - Mike Hugg, British musician ( Manfred Mann)
1943 - Abigail Folger, American coffee heiress and Manson murder victim (d. 1969)
1943 - Stefania Toczyska, Polish mezzo-soprano
1944 - Ian McDiarmid, Scottish actor
1944 - Fred Smith, American entrepreneur
1946 - Marilyn vos Savant, American newspaper columnist
1946 - John Conlee, American country music singer
1948 - Jan Palach, Czechoslovakian student protester
1949 - Eric Carmen, American musician
1950 - Gennidy Nikonov, Russian weapons inventor
1950 - Steve Wozniak, American computer pioneer
1951 - Vincent Bilodeau, Quebec actor and comedian
1953 - Hulk Hogan, American professional wrestler
1954 - Joe Jackson, English singer
1954 - Juan Maria Solare, Argentine composer
1955 - Sylvia Hermon, British politician
1955 - Marc Bureau, French Canadian politician
1956 - Pierre-Louis Lions, French mathematician
1957 - Richie Ramone, American musician ( The Ramones)
1957 - Ian Stuart Donaldson, British singer ( Skrewdriver)
1959 - Gustavo Cerati, Argentinian musician ( Soda Stereo)
1963 - Hiromi Makihara, Japanese baseball player
1964 - Jim Lee, Korean-born comic book artist
1964 - Miguel A. Núñez Jr., American actor
1965 - Marc Bergevin, professional ice hockey player
1965 - Viola Davis, American actress
1966 - Nigel Martyn, English footballer
1966 - Embeth Davidtz, American actress
1967 - Enrique Bunbury, Spanish singer
1967 - Collin Chou, Taiwanese actor
1967 - Joe Rogan, American television host
1968 - Lorenzo Bernardi, Italian volleyball player
1968 - Charlie Sexton, American musician
1968 - Alan Kelly, England-born Irish footballer
1968 - Veda Hille, Canadian singer
1968 - Princess Mabel of Orange-Nassau
1969 - Jonah Matranga, American singer
1969 - Ashley Jensen, Scottish actress
1970 - Andy Bell, English musician ( Ride, [[Wikipedia:Hurricane #1|]], Oasis)
1971 - Tommy Mooney, English football player
1971 - Alejandra Barros, Mexican actress
1972 - Jonathon Prandi, American model
1973 - Nigel Harman, British actor
1974 - Audrey Mestre, French diver
1974 - Will Friedle, American actor
1974 - Hadiqa Kiyani, Pakistani pop star
1974 - Marie-France Dubreuil, French Canadian figure skater
1975 - Davey von Bohlen, American musician ( The Promise Ring, Maritime)
1976 - Ben Gibbard, American musician ( Death Cab for Cutie, The Postal Service)
1976 - Ľubomir Visnovsky, Slovak ice hockey player
1976 - Bubba Crosby, American baseball player
1976 - Erick Lindgren, American poker player
1978 - Jermain Taylor, American boxer
1978 - Amber Brkich, American reality television personality
1980 - Lee Suggs, American football player
1981 - Sandi Thom, Scottish born singer
1981 - Fiona Sit, Hong Kong singer and actress
1982 - Alan Halsall, British actor
1984 - Melky Cabrera, Dominican baseball player
1984 - Katie Rees, American Miss Nevada USA
1984 - Lucas di Grassi, Brazilian racing driver
1993 - Alyson Stoner, American actress
480 BC - Leonidas, King of Sparta
353 - Magnentius, Roman usurper
449 - Flavian, Patriarch of Constantinople
897 - Wilfred the Hairy, Count of Barcelona
1204 - King Guttorm of Norway (b. 1199)
1253 - Clare of Assisi, Italian follower of Francis of Assisi (b. 1194)
1456 - John Hunyadi, regent of Hungary (b. 1387)
1464 - Nicholas of Cusa, German philosopher and mathematician (b. 1401)
1519 - Johann Tetzel, German opponent of the Reformation (b. 1465)
1563 - Bartolomé de Escobedo, Spanish composer
1578 - Pedro Nunes, Portuguese mathematician (b. 1502)
1596 - Hamnet Shakespeare, dies at age 11.
1614 - Lavinia Fontana, Italian painter (b. 1552)
1656 - Prince Octavio Piccolomini, Austrian field marshal (b. 1599)
1774 - Tiphaigne de la Roche, French writer (b. 1722)
1813 - Henry James Pye, English poet (b. 1745)
1851 - Lorenz Oken, German naturalist (b. 1779)
1854 - Macedonio Melloni, Italian physicist (b. 1798)
1886 - Lydia Koidula, Estonian poet (b. 1843)
1890 - John Henry Cardinal Newman, English Catholic cardinal (b. 1801)
1892 - Enrico Betti, Italian mathematician (b. 1813)
1919 - Andrew Carnegie, Scottish-born industrialist and philanthropist (b. 1835)
1936 - Blas Infante, Spanish writer and politician (b. 1885)
1937 - Edith Wharton, American author (b. 1862)
1939 - Jean Bugatti, Italian automobile designer (b. 1909)
1953 - Tazio Nuvolari, Italian race car driver (b. 1892)
1956 - Jackson Pollock, American artist (b. 1912)
1961 - Antanas Škėma, Lithuanian writer, stage actor and director (b. 1910)
1972 - Max Theiler, South African virologist, Nobel Prize Laureate (b. 1899)
1974 - Jan Tschichold, German typographer (b. 1902)
1980 - Paul Robert, French lexicographer and publisher (b. 1910)
1982 - Tom Drake, American actor (b. 1918)
1984 - Alfred A. Knopf, American publisher (b. 1892)
1984 - Paul Felix Schmidt, Estonian–German chess player (b. 1916)
1988 - Anne Ramsey, American actress (b. 1929)
1991 - J. D. McDuffie, NASCAR driver (b. 1939)
1994 - Peter Cushing, British actor (b. 1913)
1995 - Phil Harris, American singer, songwriter, and comedian (b. 1904)
1996 - Rafael Kubelík, Czech-born conductor and composer (b. 1914)
1996 - Mel Taylor, American drummer ( The Ventures) (b. 1933)
2000 - Jean Papineau-Couture, Canadian composer (b. 1916)
2001 - Percy Stallard, English racing cyclist (b. 1909)
2002 - Galen Rowell, photographer and climber (b. 1940)
2003 - Armand Borel, Swiss mathematician (b. 1923)
2003 - Herb Brooks, American ice hockey coach (b. 1937)
2005 - James Booth, English actor (b. 1927)
2006 - Mike Douglas, American singer and talk show host (b. 1925)
Holidays and observances Edit
Translation of St. Callistus, pope, martyr [Reims]
Feast of the Crown of Thorns [Paris]
Saint Hippolytus, martyr [Paris]
Saint Equitius, abbot
Gaugericus (Géry), bishop of Cambrai, confessor (sometimes martyr) [Cambrai, Liège, Magdeburg, Paderborn, Winchester]
Saint Taurinus, bishop of Evreux, confessor [northern France, England]
Saints Tiburtius and Chromatius, martyrs [common]
Saint Susanna, virgin, martyr in 295 [common]
Saint Clare of Assisi, virgin
Saint Radegundis, virgin (sometimes also queen) [Salzburg]
Saint Rusticola, abbess at Arles, virgin [Arles]
Blessed Pope Innocent XI
External links Edit
80 Familypedia people were born on August 11
70 Familypedia people died on August 11
80 Familypedia people were first married on August 11