is the 228th day of the year (229th in August 16 leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 137 days remaining until the end of the year.
1384 - The Hongwu Emperor of Ming China hears a case of a couple who tore paper money bills while fighting over them—a case considered equal to the act of destroying stamped government documents, which by law necessitated one hundred floggings by a bamboo rod. However, the Hongwu Emperor decided to pardon them, seeing as how their intention was not to tear up the money.
1513 - Battle of Guinegate (Battle of the Spurs) - King Henry VIII of England defeats French Forces who beat a hasty retreat.
1780 - American Revolutionary War: Battle of Camden - The British defeat the Americans near Camden.
1792 - Maximilien Robespierre presents the petition of the Commune of Paris to the Legislative Assembly, which demanded the formation of a revolutionary tribunal.
1812 - War of 1812: American General William Hull surrenders Fort Detroit without a fight to the British Army.
1819 - Eleven people die and 400 are injured by cavalry charges at the Peterloo Massacre at a public meeting at St. Peter's Field, Manchester, England.
1841 - U.S. President John Tyler vetoes a bill which called for the re-establishment of the Second Bank of the United States. Enraged Whig Party members riot outside the White House in the most violent demonstration on White House grounds in U.S. history.
1858 - U.S. President James Buchanan inaugurates the new transatlantic telegraph cable by exchanging greetings with Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom. However, a weak signal will force a shutdown of the service in a few weeks.
1865 - Restoration Day in the Dominican Republic: The Dominican Republic regains its independence after 4 years of fighting against the Spanish Annexation.
1868 - Arica, Peru (now Chile) is devastated by a tsunami which followed a magnitude 8.5 earthquake in the Peru-Chile Trench off the coast. The earthquake and tsunami killed an estimated 25,000 people in Arica and perhaps 70,000 people in all.
1869 - Battle of Acosta Ñu: A Paraguay battalion made up of children is massacred by the Brazilian Army during the War of the Triple Alliance.
1870 - Franco-Prussian War: The Battle of Mars-La-Tour is fought, resulting in a Prussian victory.
1896 - Skookum Jim Mason, George Carmack and Dawson Charlie discover gold in a tributary of the Klondike River in Canada, setting off the Klondike Gold Rush.
1913 - Tōhoku Imperial University of Japan (modern day Tōhoku University) admits its first female students.
1914 - World War I: Battle of Cer begins.
1915 - World War I: Should victory be achieved over the Central Powers, the Triple Entente promises the Kingdom of Serbia: the Austro-Hungarian territories of Baranja, Srem, Slavonia, and Bosnia and Herzegovina; and the eastern ⅔ of Dalmatia (from the river of Krka to the city of Bar).
1920 - Ray Chapman of the Cleveland Indians is hit in the head by a fastball thrown by Carl Mays of the New York Yankees, and dies early the next day. To date, Chapman is the only player to die from injuries sustained in a Major League Baseball game.
1920 - The congress of the Communist Party of Bukhara opens. The congress would call for armed revolution.
1930 - The first color sound cartoon, called Fiddlesticks, is made by Ub Iwerks.
1940 - World War II: The Communist Party is banned in German-occupied Norway.
1942 - World War II: The two-person crew of the U.S. naval blimp L-8 disappears without a trace on a routine anti-submarine patrol over the Pacific Ocean. The blimp drifts without her crew and crash-lands in Daly City, California.
1944 - First flight of the Junkers Ju 287.
1945 - An assassination attempt was made on Japan's prime minister, Kantaro Suzuki.
1945 - Puyi, the last Chinese emperor and ruler of Manchukuo, was captured by Soviet troops.
1946 - The Japan Business Federation, or Keidanren, is established, and Ichirō Ishikawa is appointed its representative.
1960 - Cyprus gains its independence from the United Kingdom.
1960 - Joseph Kittinger parachutes from a balloon over New Mexico at 102,800 feet (31,330 m), setting three records that still stand today: High-altitude jump, free-fall, and fastest speed by a human without an aircraft.
1964 - Vietnam War: A replaces coup d'état Duong Van Minh with General Nguyen Khanh as President of South Vietnam. A new constitution is established with aid from the U.S. Embassy.
1966 - Vietnam War: The House Un-American Activities Committee begins investigations of Americans who have aided the Viet Cong. The committee intends to introduce legislation making these activities illegal. Anti-war demonstrators disrupt the meeting and 50 people are arrested.
1972 - The Royal Moroccan Air Force fires upon, in an unsuccessful coup d'état attempt, Hassan II of Morocco's plane while he is traveling back to Rabat.
1987 - A McDonnell Douglas MD-82 carrying Northwest Airlines Flight 255 crashes on take-off from Detroit Metropolitan Airport in Romulus ( Detroit), killing 155 passengers and crew. The sole survivor is four-year-old Cecelia Cichan.
1992 - In response to an appeal by President Fernando Collor de Mello to wear green and yellow as a way to show support for him, thousands of Brazilians take to the streets dressed in black.
1993 - The Debian distribution was first announced by Ian Murdock, then a student at Purdue University. Murdock initially called his system the "Debian Linux Release"
2003 - U.S. Representative from South Dakota Bill Janklow hits and kills a motorcyclist with his car at a rural intersection near Trent; he will eventually be convicted of manslaughter and will resign from Congress.
2005 - West Caribbean Airways Flight 708 crashes near Machiques, Venezuela, killing the 160 aboard.
1355 - Philippa Plantagenet, Countess of Ulster
1378 - Hongxi Emperor of China (d. 1425)
1557 - Agostino Carracci, Italian artist (d. 1602)
1573 - Anna of Austria, queen of Poland (d. 1598
1596 - Frederick V (d. 1632)
1637 - Emilie Juliane of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt, German countess and poet (d. 1706)
1645 - Jean de La Bruyère, French writer (d. 1696)
1650 - Vincenzo Coronelli, Italian cartographer and encylopedist (d. 1718)
1682 - Louis, duc de Bourgogne, heir-apparent to the French throne (d. 1712)
1761 - Yevstigney Fomin, Russian composer (d. 1800)
1815 - John Bosco, Italian priest and educator (d. 1888)
1820 - Andrew Rainsford Wetmore, Canadian politician (d. 1892)
1831 - John Jones Ross, Quebec politician (d. 1901)
1832 - Wilhelm Wundt, German psychologist (d. 1920)
1842 - Jakob Rosanes, German mathematician (d. 1922)
1845 - Gabriel Lippmann, French physicist, Nobel laureate (d. 1921)
1858 - Arthur Achleitner, German writer (d. 1927)
1860 - Jules Laforgue, French poet (d. 1887)
1862 - Amos Alonzo Stagg, American coach (d. 1965)
1868 - Bernarr McFadden, American publisher (d. 1955)
1876 - Ivan Bilibin, Russian illustrator (d. 1942)
1884 - Hugo Gernsback, Luxembourg-born editor and publisher (d. 1967)
1884 - Walther von Reichenau, German field marshal (d. 1942)
1888 - T. E. Lawrence, English writer and soldier (d. 1935)
1888 - Armand J. Piron, American musician (d. 1943)
1892 - Otto Messmer, American cartoonist (d. 1983)
1894 - George Meany, American labor union leader (d. 1980)
1895 - Albert Cohen, Swiss novelist (d. 1981)
1895 - Liane Haid, Austrian actress (d. 2000)
1902 - Georgette Heyer, English novelist (d. 1974)
1904 - Wendell Meredith Stanley, American chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1971)
1908 - William Maxwell, American novelist and editor (d. 2000)
1911 - E. F. Schumacher, German economist and statistician (d. 1977)
1912 - Ted Drake, English footballer (d. 1995)
1913 - Menachem Begin, 6th Prime Minister of Israel, Nobel laureate (d. 1992)
1915 - Al Hibbler, American singer (d. 2001)
1916 - Iggy Katona, American race car driver (d. 2003)
1920 - Charles Bukowski, American poet (d. 1994)
1922 - Ernie Freeman, American pianist and arranger (d. 2001)
1923 - Millôr Fernandes, Brazilian playwright
1924 - Fess Parker, American actor
1925 - Willie Jones, American baseball player (d. 1983)
1928 - Ann Blyth, American actress
1929 - Bill Evans, American jazz pianist (d. 1980)
1929 - Helmut Rahn, German footballer (d. 2003)
1929 - Fritz Von Erich, American professional wrestler (d. 1997)
1930 - Robert Culp, American actor
1930 - Frank Gifford, American football player and announcer
1930 - Tony Trabert, American former tennis player
1931 - Eydie Gormé, American singer
1933 - Julie Newmar, American actress
1933 - Stuart Roosa, American astronaut (d. 1994)
1934 - Diana Wynne Jones, British author
1934 - Ketty Lester, American singer
1934 - Pierre Richard, French actor
1935 - Andreas Stamatiadis, Greek footballer and coach
1935 - Cliff Fletcher, Canadian National Hockey League executive
1937 - David Anderson, Canadian politician
1939 - Sir Trevor Mcdonald, Trinidadian-born British television newsreader
1940 - Bruce Beresford, Australian film director
1942 - Barbara George, American singer and songwriter (d. 2006)
1945 - Suzanne Farrell, ballet dancer
1946 - Massoud Barzani, Iraqi Kurdish politician
1946 - Lesley Ann Warren, American actress
1946 - Dick Murdoch, American professional wrestler (d. 1996)
1947 - Carol Moseley Braun, American politician and lawyer
1947 - Katharine Hamnett, English fashion designer
1947 - Marc Messier, Quebec actor
1948 - Mike Jorgensen, American baseball player
1948 - Pierre Reid, Quebec politician and teacher
1949 - Scott Asheton, American musician ( The Stooges)
1950 - Hasely Crawford, Trinidadian athlete
1950 - Marshall Manesh, Iranian-born American actor
1950 - Stockwell Day, Canadian politician
1950 - Jeff Thomson, Australian cricketer
1951 - Richard Hunt, American puppeteer (d. 1992)
1952 - Reginald VelJohnson, American actor
1953 - Kathie Lee Gifford, American singer and actress
1953 - James "J.T." Taylor, American singer ( Kool & The Gang)
1954 - James Cameron, Canadian film director
1957 - Tim Farriss, Australian musician ( INXS)
1958 - Angela Bassett, American actress
1958 - Madonna, American singer and actress
1958 - José Luis Clerc, Argentine tennis player
1960 - Timothy Hutton, American actor
1962 - Steve Carell, American actor and comedian
1964 - Jimmy Arias, American tennis player
1966 - Barry Lather, American choreographer, musician and actor
1967 - Ulrika Jonsson, Swedish television personality
1967 - Pamela Smart, American convicted murderess
1968 - Mateja Svet, Slovenian alpine skier
1970 - Bonnie Bernstein, American sportscaster
1970 - Fabio Casartelli, Italian cyclist (d. 1995)
1970 - Saif Ali Khan, Indian actor
1971 - Stefan Klos, German footballer
1972 - Stan Lazaridis, Australian soccer player
1972 - Emily Robison, American country singer, instrumentalist and songwriter ( Dixie Chicks)
1973 - Damian Jackson, American baseball player
1974 - Krisztina Egerszegi, Hungarian swimmer
1974 - Iván Hurtado, Ecuadorian footballer
1974 - Roger Cedeño, Venezuelan baseball player
1975 - Didier Agathe, French footballer
1975 - George Stults, American actor
1976 - Jonatan Johansson, Finnish footballer
1976 - Dave Ockun, American concert producer
1978 - Eddie Gill, American basketball player
1979 - Michael Stahlman, American rower and coach
1980 - Vanessa Carlton, American singer/songwriter
1980 - Robert Hardy, English bassist ( Franz Ferdinand)
1981 - Roque Santa Cruz, Paraguayan footballer
1981 - Taylor Rain, American pornographic actress
1982 - Joleon Lescott, English footballer
1983 - Colin Griffiths, English TV presenter and DJ
1983 - Nikos Zisis, Greek basketball player
1983 - Colt Brennan, University of Hawai'i Quarterback
1985 - Agnes Bruckner, American actress
1986 - Shawn Pyfrom, American actor
1987 - Kyal Marsh, Australian actor
1988 - Kevin Schmidt, American actor
1988 - Rumer Willis, American actress
1991 - Evanna Lynch, Irish actress
1991 - Sarah-Jeanne Labrosse, Canadian actress
1027 - Giorgi I, King of Georgia (b. 998)
1297 - John II of Trebizond (b. 1262)
1327 - Roch, French saint (b. 1295)
1358 - Duke Albert II of Austria (b. 1298)
1419 - Wenceslaus, King of Bohemia (b. 1361)
1443 - Ashikaga Yoshikatsu, Japanese shogun (b. 1434)
1445 - Margaret of Scotland, wife of the future King Louis XI (b. 1424)
1518 - Loyset Compère, French composer
1532 - John (b. 1468)
1661 - Thomas Fuller, English churchman and historian (b. 1608)
1678 - Andrew Marvell, English poet (b. 1621)
1705 - Jakob Bernoulli, Swiss mathematician and scientist (b. 1654)
1733 - Matthew Tindal, English deist (b. 1657)
1791 - Charles-François de Broglie, French soldier and diplomat (b. 1719)
1836 - Marc-Antoine Parseval, French mathematician (b. 1755)
1855 - Henry Colburn, British publisher (b. ?)
1886 - Sri Ramakrishna, Bengali saint, guru of Swami Vivekananda (b. 1836)
1888 - John Pemberton, American druggist and inventor of Coca-Cola (b. 1831)
1893 - Jean-Martin Charcot, French neurologist (b. 1825)
1899 - Robert Wilhelm Bunsen, German chemist (b. 1811)
1900 - Eça de Queirós, Portuguese writer (b. 1845)
1907 - James Hector, Scottish geologist (b. 1834)
1921 - King Peter I of Serbia (b. 1844)
1938 - Robert Johnson, American singer and guitarist (b. 1911)
1938 - Andrej Hlinka, Slovak politician and priest (b. 1864)
1948 - Babe Ruth, American baseball player (b. 1895)
1949 - Margaret Mitchell, American novelist (b. 1900)
1951 - Louis Jouvet, French actor and producer (b. 1887)
1952 - Lydia Field Emmet, American painter (b. 1866)
1956 - Bela Lugosi, Hungarian actor (b. 1882)
1957 - Irving Langmuir, American chemist, Nobel Prize Laureate (b. 1881)
1959 - Wanda Landowska, Polish harpsichordist (b. 1879)
1961 - Maulvi Abdul Haq, Father of Modern Urdu (b. 1870)
1971 - Spyros Skouras, Greek-American movie executive, chairman of the Twentieth Century Fox (b. 1893)
1972 - Pierre Brasseur, French actor (b. 1905)
1973 - Selman Waksman, Ukrainian-born biochemist, Nobel Prize Laureate (b. 1888)
1975 - Vladimir Kuts, Ukrainian-born runner (b. 1927)
1977 - Elvis Presley, American singer and actor (b. 1935)
1978 - Alidius Warmoldus Lambertus Tjarda van Starkenborgh Stachouwer, Dutch lawyer and politician (b. 1888)
1979 - John Diefenbaker, 13th Prime Minister of Canada (b. 1895)
1983 - Earl Averill, American baseball player (b. 1902)
1986 - Jaime Saenz, Bolivian poet, novelist, and short story writer (b. 1921)
1989 - Amanda Blake, American actress (b. 1929)
1990 - Pat O'Connor, New Zealand professional wrestler (b. 1925)
1991 - Shamu, One of the famous whales that star at SeaWorld (b. 1975)
1991 - Luigi Zampa, Italian film director (b. 1905)
1993 - Stewart Granger, British film actor (b. 1913)
1995 - J.P. McCarthy, American radio personality (b. 1933)
1997 - Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan, Pakistani musician (b. 1948)
1997 - Gerard McLarnon, Irish playwright and actor (b. 1915)
1999 - Pee Wee King, American country musician and songwriter (b. 1914)
2002 - Jeff Corey, American actor (b. 1914)
2002 - Abu Nidal, Palestinian political leader (b. 1937)
2002 - John Roseboro, American baseball player and coach (b. 1933)
2003 - Idi Amin, Ugandan dictator (b. 1928)
2004 - Ivan Hlinka, Czech ice hockey coach (b. 1950)
2004 - Carl Mydans, American photographer (b. 1907)
2004 - Robert Quiroga, American boxer (b. 1969)
2005 - Joe Ranft, American animator (b. 1960)
2005 - Frère Roger, Swiss monk and mystic (b. 1915)
2005 - Vassar Clements, American musician (b. 1928)
2005 - Vicky Moscholiou, Greek singer (b. 1943)
2006 - Alex Buzo, Australian playwright and author (b. 1944)
2006 - Herschel Green, American pilot (b. 1920)
2006 - Jon Nödtveidt, Swedish musician (b. 1975)
2006 - Alfredo Stroessner, President of Paraguay (b. 1912)
2007 - Max Roach, American percussionist, drummer, and composer (b. 1924)
2007 - Bahaedin Adab, Iranian MP (b. 1945)
2007 - The Missing Link, professional wrestler
Holidays and observances Edit
External links Edit
66 Familypedia people were born on August 16
97 Familypedia people died on August 16
66 Familypedia people were first married on August 16