is the 236th day of the year (237th in August 24 leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 129 days remaining until the end of the year.
49 BC - Julius Caesar's general Gaius Curio is defeated in the Second Battle of the Bagradas River by the Numidians under Attius Varus and King Juba of Numidia. Curio commits suicide to avoid capture.
79 - Mount Vesuvius erupts. The cities of Pompeii, Herculaneum, and Stabiae are buried in volcanic ash.
410 - The Visigoths under Alaric begin to pillage Rome for three days.
1215 - Pope Innocent III declares Magna Carta invalid.
1349 - Six thousand Jews are killed in Mainz after being blamed for the bubonic plague.
1391 - Jews massacred in Palma de Mallorca.
1456 - The printing of the Gutenberg Bible is completed.
1511 - Alfonso de Albuquerque of Portugal conquers the Sultanate of Malacca.
1561 - Willem of Orange marries duchess Anna of Saxony.
1572 - Saint Bartholomew's Day Massacre: On the orders of king Charles IX of France, a massacre of Huguenots (French Protestants) begins.
1608 - The first official English representative to India lands in Surat.
1662 - Act of Uniformity requires England to accept the Book of Common Prayer.
1682 - William Penn receives the area that is now the state of Delaware, and adds it to his colony of Pennsylvania.
1690 - Calcutta, India is founded.
1814 - British and Canadian troops invade Washington and burn down the White House and several other buildings.
1816 - The Treaty of St. Louis is signed in St. Louis, Missouri.
1820 - Constitutionalist insurrection at Oporto, Portugal; see Portugal's crises of the Nineteenth Century.
1821 - The Treaty of Córdoba is signed in Córdoba, now in Veracruz, Mexico, concluding the Mexican War of Independence from Spain.
1831 - Charles Darwin is asked to travel on HMS .
Beagle 1847 - Charlotte Brontë finishes .
Jane Eyre 1853 - Potato chips are first prepared.
1857 - The Panic of 1857 begins, setting off one of the most severe economic crises in U.S. history.
1858 - In Richmond, Virginia, 90 blacks are arrested for learning.
1870 - The Wolseley Expedition reaches Manitoba to end the Red River Rebellion.
1875 - Captain Matthew Webb became first person to swim English Channel
1891 - Thomas Edison patents the motion picture camera.
1909 - Workers start pouring concrete for the Panama Canal.
1912 - Alaska becomes a United States territory.
1914 - World War I: German troops capture Namur.
1929 - Turkey and Persia sign a friendship treaty.
1929 - Riots in Palestine of 1929: 18 Jews in Safed, 67 in Hebron, and 22 in Jerusalem killed by Arab Palestinians.
1931 - France and the Soviet Union sign a neutrality/no attack treaty.
1931 - Resignation of the United Kingdom's Second Labour Government. Formation of the UK National Government.
1932 - Amelia Earhart is the first woman to fly across the United States non-stop (from Los Angeles to Newark, New Jersey).
1936 - The Australian Antarctic Territory is created.
1937 - In the Spanish Civil War, the Basque Army surrenders to the Italian Corpo Truppe Volontarie following the Santoña Agreement.
1939 - The Nazi-Soviet Pact is signed between Adolf Hitler and Josef Stalin.
1942 - World War II: The Battle of the Eastern Solomons. Japanese aircraft carrier is sunk and Ryūjō US carrier heavily damaged.
Enterprise 1944 - World War II: Allied troops start the attack on Paris.
1949 - The treaty creating NATO goes into effect.
1950 - Edith Sampson becomes the first black U.S. delegate to the UN.
1954 - The Communist Control Act goes into effect. The American Communist Party is outlawed.
1954 - Getúlio Dornelles Vargas, president of Brazil, commits suicide and is succeeded by João Café Filho.
1960 - A temperature of −88°C (−127°F) is measured in Vostok — a world-record low.
1963 - The 200-metre freestyle is swum in less than 2 minutes for the first time by Don Schollander (1:58).
1967 - Led by Abbie Hoffman, a group of hippies temporarily disrupt trading at the NYSE by throwing dollar bills from the viewing gallery, causing a cease in trading as the brokers scramble to grab them up.
1968 - France explodes its first hydrogen bomb, thus becoming the world's fifth nuclear power.
1981 - Mark David Chapman is sentenced to 20 years to life in prison for murdering John Lennon.
1989 - Colombian drug barons declare "total war" on the Colombian government.
1989 - Cincinnati Reds manager Pete Rose is banned from baseball for gambling by Commissioner A. Bartlett Giamatti.
1989 - Voyager 2 passes Neptune.
1990 - A judge rules that Judas Priest are not responsible for the deaths of two youths who committed suicide after listening to the band's music.
1990 - Sinéad O'Connor refuses to perform at the Garden State Arts Plaza in Holmdel, New Jersey if " The Star-Spangled Banner" is played before her show, as is customary. This began the downfall of her career.
1991 - Mikhail Gorbachev resigns as head of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union.
1991 - Ukraine declares itself independent from the Soviet Union.
1992 - Diplomatic relations are established between the People's Republic of China and South Korea.
1992 - Hurricane Andrew hits South Florida as a Category 5 Hurricane.
1994 - Initial accord between Israel and the PLO about partial self-rule of the Palestinians on the West Bank.
1995 - Windows 95, a computer operating system by Microsoft, is released with much fanfare.
1998 - The Netherlands is selected as the site for the trial of the two Libyan suspects of the 1988 Pan Am bombing.
1998 - First RFID human implantation tested in the United Kingdom.
2001 - Air Transat Flight 236 runs out of fuel over the Atlantic Ocean (en route to Lisbon from Toronto) and makes an emergency landing in the Azores.
2004 - 89 passengers die after two airliners explode after flying out of Domodedovo International Airport, near Moscow. The explosions were caused by suicide bombers (reportedly female) from the Russian Republic of Chechnya.
2006 - The International Astronomical Union (IAU) redefines the term "planet" such that Pluto is considered a " Dwarf Planet."
1113 - Geoffrey of Anjou, Count of Anjou (d. 1151)
1198 - King Alexander II of Scotland (d. 1249)
1358 - King John I of Castile (d. 1390)
1393 - Arthur III (d. 1458)
1552 - Lavinia Fontana, Italian painter (d. 1614)
1580 - John Taylor, English poet (d. 1654)
1591 - Robert Herrick, English poet (d. 1674)
1635 - Peder Griffenfeld, Danish statesman (d. 1699)
1669 - Alessandro Marcello, Italian composer (d. 1747)
1707 - Selina Hastings, English Evangelical Revivalist (d. 1791)
1750 - Letizia Ramolino, mother of Napoleon Bonaparte (d. 1836)
1759 - William Wilberforce, English abolitionist (d. 1833)
1772 - King William I of the Netherlands (d. 1840)
1787 - James Weddell, Antarctica explorer (d. 1834)
1817 - Aleksey Konstantinovich Tolstoy, Russian writer (d. 1875)
1837 - Théodore Dubois, French composer and teacher (d. 1924)
1845 - James C. Calhoun, brother-in-law of George Armstrong Custer (d. 1876)
1852 - Deacon White, American baseball player (d. 1919)
1863 - Dragutin Lerman, Croatian explorer (d. 1918)
1865 - King Ferdinand I of Romania (d. 1927)
1872 - Max Beerbohm, British caricaturist (d. 1956)
1880 - Joshua Lionel Cowen, American entrepreneur (d. 1965)
1884 - Earl Derr Biggers, American author (d. 1933)
1887 - Harry Hooper, American baseball player (d. 1974)
1890 - Duke Kahanamoku, American swimmer and surfer (d. 1968)
1890 - Jean Rhys, British writer (d. 1979)
1895 - Richard Cardinal Cushing, archbishop of Boston (d. 1970)
1897 - Fred Rose, American songwriter and publishing executive (d. 1954)
1898 - Malcolm Cowley, American literary critic (d. 1989)
1899 - Jorge Luis Borges, Argentine writer (d. 1986)
1899 - Gaylord DuBois, American comic book writer (d. 1993)
1899 - Albert Claude, Belgian biologist, Nobel laureate (d. 1983)
1901 - Preston Foster, American actor (d. 1970)
1902 - Carlo Gambino, Sicilian-born American mafioso (d. 1976)
1902 - Fernand Braudel, French historian (d. 1985)
1904 - Alice White, American actress (d. 1983)
1905 - Siaka Stevens, President of Sierra Leone (d. 1988)
1905 - Arthur Crudup, American singer and guitarist (d. 1976)
1912 - Durward Kirby, American television personality (d. 2000)
1915 - James Tiptree, American writer (d. 1987)
1916 - Hal Smith, American actor (d. 1994)
1916 - Léo Ferré, French composer and singer (d. 1993)
1917 - Dennis James, American game show host (d. 1997)
1918 - Sikander Bakht, Governor of Kerala (d. 2004)
1922 - René Lévesque, Premier of Quebec (d. 1987)
1922 - Howard Zinn, American historian and activist
1923 - Arthur Jensen, American psychologist
1927 - Harry Markowitz, American economist, Nobel laureate
1929 - Yasser Arafat, Palestinian leader (d. 2004)
1934 - Kenny Baker, English actor
1936 - A. S. Byatt, English novelist
1937 - Moshood Kashimawo Olawale Abiola, Nigerian politician (d. 1998)
1938 - Halldór Blöndal, Icelandic politician
1938 - David Freiberg, American bassist ( Quicksilver Messenger Service and Jefferson Starship)
1938 - Mason Williams, American guitarist and composer
1940 - Francine Lalonde, Quebec politician
1942 - Max Cleland, American politician
1942 - Howard Jacobson, British novelist and newspaper columnist
1943 - John Cipollina, American guitarist ( Quicksilver Messenger Service) (d. 1989)
1944 - Bill Goldsworthy, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 1996)
1944 - Gregory Jarvis, American astronaut (d. 1986)
1945 - Ken Hensley, English musician ( Uriah Heep)
1945 - Vince McMahon, American professional wrestling promoter
1947 - Paulo Coelho, Brazilian author
1947 - Roger De Vlaeminck, Belgian cyclist
1947 - Vladimir Masorin, Russian admiral
1947 - Anne Archer, American Actress
1948 - Jean-Michel Jarre, French musician
1948 - Kim Sung-Il, Chief of Staff of Republic of Korea Air Force
1949 - Joe Regalbuto, American actor
1949 - Charles Rocket, American actor (d. 2005)
1950 - Tim White, American anthropologist
1951 - Orson Scott Card, American writer
1951 - Oscar Hijuelos, Pulitzer Prize winning author
1952 - Mike Shanahan, American football coach
1954 - Alain Daigle, French Canadian ice hockey player
1956 - John Culberson, American politician
1956 - Dick Lee, Singaporean singer-songwriter
1957 - Stephen Fry, English comedian and actor
1958 - Steve Guttenberg, American actor
1958 - Tracy Harris, American artist
1960 - Cal Ripken, American baseball player
1960 - Kim Christofte, Danish footballer
1960 - Takashi Miike, Japanese filmmaker
1962 - Craig Kilborn, American talk show host
1962 - David Koechner, American actor
1963 - John Bush, American singer ( Anthrax)
1963 - Hideo Kojima, Japanese video game director
1963 - Greg Glienna, American screenwriter and director
1964 - Salizhan Sharipov, cosmonaut
1965 - Marlee Matlin, American actress
1965 - Brian Rajadurai, Sri Lankan cricketer
1965 - Reggie Miller, American basketball player
1968 - Shoichi Funaki, Japanese professional wrestler
1968 - Andreas Kisser, Brazilian guitarist ( Sepultura)
1968 - Benoit Brunet, French Canadian ice hockey player
1970 - Tugay Kerimoğlu, Turkish footballer
1971 - Pierfrancesco Favino, Italian actor
1972 - Jean-Luc Brassard, Canadian freestyle skier
1973 - Dave Chappelle, American actor and comedian
1973 - Inge de Bruijn, Dutch swimmer
1973 - Carmine Giovinazzo, American actor
1973 - Andrew Brunette, Canadian ice hockey player
1974 - Jennifer Lien, American actress
1975 - Mark de Vries, Surinamese-Dutch footballer
1977 - Robert Enke, German footballer
1977 - Per Gade, Danish footballer
1977 - Denílson, Brazilian footballer
1978 - Rafael Furcal, Dominican baseball player
1979 - Michael Redd, American basketball player
1979 - Elva Hsiao, Taiwanese singer
1980 - Sonja Bennett, Canadian actress
1981 - Chad Michael Murray, American actor
1981 - Jiro Wang Dong Cheng, Taiwanese singer, actor
1983 - Marcel Goc, German ice hockey player
1983 - Christopher Parker, British actor
1987 - Jon Scheyer, American basketball player
1988 - Rupert Grint, English actor
1995 - Runa Tsukishima, Japanese child model
2003 - Alexandre Coste, son of Albert II
79 - Pliny the Elder, Roman writer and naturalist (b. 23)
1042 - Michael V, Byzantine Emperor) (b. 1015)
1103 - King Magnus III of Norway (b. 1073)
1217 - Eustace the Monk, French mercenary and pirate (bc. 1170)
1540 - Girolamo Francesco Maria Mazzola, Italian painter (b. 1503)
1542 - Gasparo Contarini, Italian diplomat and cardinal (b. 1483)
1572 - Victims of the St. Bartholomew's Day Massacre:
1595 - Thomas Digges, English astronomer (b. 1546)
1647 - Nicholas Stone, English sculptor and architect (b. 1586)
1664 - Maria Cunitz, Silesian astronomer (bc. 1610)
1679 - Jean François Paul de Gondi, French churchman and agitator (b. 1614)
1680 - Thomas Blood, Irish-born thief of the British crown jewels (b. 1618)
1683 - John Owen, English non-conformist theologian (b. 1616)
1759 - Ewald Christian von Kleist, German poet (b. 1715)
1779 - Saint Cosmas of Aetolia, Greek Orthodox martyr (b. 1714)
1798 - Thomas Alcock, English clergyman (b. 1709)
1831 - August von Gneisenau, Prussian field marshal (b. 1760)
1832 - Nicolas Léonard Sadi Carnot, French mathematician (b. 1796)
1841 - Theodore Edward Hook, English author (b. 1788)
1888 - Rudolf Clausius, German physicist (b. 1822)
1921 - Nikolay Gumilyov, Russian poet (b. 1886)
1940 - Paul Gottlieb Nipkow, German television pioneer (b. 1860)
1943 - Simone Weil, French philosopher and social activist (b. 1909)
1946 - James Clark McReynolds, U.S. Supreme Court justice (b. 1862)
1954 - Getúlio Vargas, President of Brazil (b. 1882)
1956 - Kenji Mizoguchi, Japanese film director (b. 1898)
1958 - Paul Henry, Northern Irish artist (b. 1876)
1967 - Henry J. Kaiser, American industrialist (b. 1882)
1967 - Lam Bun, Hong Kong radio commentator (murdered) (b. 1930)
1974 - Alexander de Seversky, Russian-American aviation pioneer (b. 1894)
1977 - Buddy O'Connor, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1916)
1978 - Louis Prima, American band leader (b. 1910)
1979 - Hanna Reitsch, German pilot (b. 1912)
1979 - Sampson Sievers, Russian Orthodox Christian monk and wonder-worker (b. 1898)
1980 - Yootha Joyce, British actress (b. 1927)
1982 - Félix-Antoine Savard, French Canadian catholic priest and novelist (b. 1896)
1985 - Paul Creston, American composer (b. 1906)
1987 - Malcolm Kirk, wrestler (b. 1936)
1990 - Sergei Dovlatov, Russian writer (b. 1941)
1990 - Gailli AbedElrhman, Sudanese writer (b. 1931)
1991 - Bernard Castro, Italian inventor (b. 1904)
1995 - Alfred Eisenstaedt, German-born photographer (b. 1898)
1998 - E.G. Marshall, American actor (b. 1910)
1999 - Alexandre Lagoya, Greek-Italian classical guitarist (b. 1929)
2001 - Jane Greer, American actress (b. 1924)
2002 - Nikolay Guryanov Russian Orthodox Christian mystic and priest (b. 1909)
2003 - Sir Wilfred Thesiger, British explorer (b. 1910)
2004 - Elisabeth Kübler-Ross, Swiss-born psychiatrist (b. 1926)
2005 - Kaleth Morales, Colombian Vallenato singer (b. 1984)
2006 - Léopold Simoneau, French Canadian tenor (b. 1916)
2006 - Cristian Nemescu, Romanian film director (b. 1979)
2007 - Andrée P. Boucher, Mayor of Quebec City (b. 1937)
Holidays and observances Edit
External links Edit
77 Familypedia people were born on August 24
91 Familypedia people died on August 24
77 Familypedia people were first married on August 24