is the 238th day of the year (239th in August 26 leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 127 days remaining until the end of the year.
55 BC - Julius Caesar invades Britain.
1071 - Battle of Manzikert: The Seljuk Turks defeat the Byzantine Army at Manzikert.
1278 - Ladislaus IV of Hungary and Rudolph I of Germany defeat Premysl Ottokar II of Bohemia in the Battle of Marchfield near Dürnkrut in Moravia.
1303 - Ala ud din Khilji won Chittor.
1346 - Hundred Years' War: The military supremacy of the English longbow over the French combination of crossbow and armoured knights is established at the Battle of Crécy.
1466 - A conjure against Piero di Cosimo de' Medici in Florence, led by Luca Pitti, is discovered.
1498 - Michelangelo commissioned to carve the Pietà.
1526 - Ottoman Empire defeated Hungarian Kingdom in the battle of Mohàcs.
1748 - The first Lutheran denomination in North America, the Pennsylvania Ministerium is founded in Philadelphia.
1768 - HM Bark Endeavour expedition under Captain James Cook sets sail from England.
1778 - The first ascent of Triglav, the highest mountain of Slovenia.
1789 - Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen approved by Constituent Assembly at Palace of Versailles.
1818 - The first Illinois Constitution was signed in Kaskaskia.
1839 - The ship is captured off Amistad Long Island.
1858 - First news dispatch by telegraph.
1862 - American Civil War: The Second Battle of Bull Run begins.
1883 - Eruption of Mount Krakatoa.
1914 - World War I: Germans defeat Russians in Battle of Tannenberg, a decisive engagement which resulted in the almost complete destruction of the Russian 2nd Army.
1914 - World War I: The British Expeditionary Force briefly checks the German advance at Le Cateau.
1914 - World War I: The German colony of Togoland is invaded by French and British forces, who take it after 5 days.
1920 - 19th amendment to U.S. Constitution gives women the right to vote.
1922 - Turkish Army started the last attack on Greeks in the Turkish War of Independence.
1924 - (August 13 with the Old Style calendar) Catastrophe of Smyrna, known as the Asia Minor Catastrophe to Greeks, occurs. The Ottoman army expels Greeks and other non-Turks from Asia Minor in systematic ethnic cleansing. One of the first of the 20th Century.
1928 - May Donoghue drinks a bottle of ginger beer at a cafe in Paisley and finds the remains of a snail in the bottle. She launches a civil action against the drink manufacturer which becomes one of the famous cases in English Common Law; that of Donoghue v. Stevenson.
1939 - The first Major League Baseball game is telecast, a double-header between the Cincinnati Reds and the Brooklyn Dodgers at Ebbets Field, in Brooklyn.
1940 - Chad is the first French colony to join the Allies under the administration of Félix Éboué, France's first black colonial governor.
1942 - Holocaust in Chortkiv, western Ukraine: At 2.30 am the German Schutzpolizei starts driving Jews out of houses, splits in groups of 120, packs them in freight cars and deports 2000 Jews to Belzec death camp. 500 of sick and children murdered on the spot.
1944 - World War II: Charles de Gaulle enters Paris.
1957 - The USSR announces the successful test of an ICBM - a "super long distance intercontinental multistage ballistic rocket ... a few days ago," according to the Soviet news agency, TASS.
1968 - The Democratic National Convention opens in Chicago.
1968 - The Beatles' " Hey Jude" is released (in a shortened version) as a single in the United States under the Apple Records label, to spend nine weeks as number one, a record for any Beatles single.
1969 - Canada's Prime Minister decriminalizes sodomy by saying: "the state has no business in the bedrooms of the nation"
1970 - The third annual Isle of Wight rock festival, which would feature the last UK performance from Jimi Hendrix, opens in Great Britain.
1972 - Games of the XX Olympiad open in Munich, Germany.
1976 - Raymond Barre becomes Prime Minister of France.
1977 - Charter of the French Language is adopted by the National Assembly of Quebec
1978 - Papal conclave, 1978: Pope John Paul I is elevated to the Papacy.
1978 - Sigmund Jähn becomes first German cosmonaut on board of the Soyuz 31 spacecraft.
1980 - John Birges plants a bomb at Harvey's Resort Hotel in Stateline.
1983 - Flooding destroys most of the old town of Bilbao, Spain.
1987 - President Ronald Wilson Reagan proclaims September 11, 1987 as 9-1-1 Emergency Number Day.
1988 - Merhan Karimi Nasseri arrives at Charles de Gaulle International Airport.
1995 - The International Rugby Board lifts all restrictions on payments relating to the game of Rugby Union, thus bringing the game's amateur age to an end.
1997 - Beni-Ali massacre in Algeria; 60-100 people killed.
1999 - Michael Johnson breaks the 400 metres world record with a time of 43.18 seconds.
2002 - Los Angeles Dodgers pitcher Éric Gagné converts his first of a record 84 consecutive successful save opportunities.
2002 - Earth Summit 2002 begins in Johannesburg.
2003 - Columbia Accident Investigation Board releases its final reports on Space Shuttle Columbia disaster.
1469 - Ferdinand II of Naples (d. 1496)
1540 - King Magnus of Livonia (d. 1583)
1676 - Robert Walpole, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1745)
1694 - Elisha Williams, American rector of Yale College (d. 1755)
1728 - Johann Heinrich Lambert, German scientist (d. 1777)
1736 - Jean-Baptiste L. Romé de l'Isle, French chemist (d. 1790)
1740 - Joseph Montgolfier, French inventor (d. 1810)
1743 - Antoine Lavoisier, French chemist (d. 1794)
1775 - William Joseph Behr, German writer (d. 1851)
1789 - Abbas Mirza, Prince of Persia (d. 1833)
1792 - Manuel Oribe, Uruguayan political figure (d. 1857)
1826 - Princess Alexandra of Bavaria (d. 1875)
1845 - Mary Ann "Polly" Nichols, widely believed to be the first victim of Jack the Ripper (d. 1888)
1850 - Charles Robert Richet, French physiologist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1935)
1862 - Herbert Booth, the third son of William and Catherine Booth (d. 1926)
1873 - Lee DeForest, American inventor (d. 1961)
1874 - Zona Gale, American novelist (d. 1938)
1875 - John Buchan, Scottish novelist, Governor General of Canada (d. 1940)
1880 - Guillaume Apollinaire, French poet and art critic (d. 1918)
1882 - James Franck, German-born physicist, Nobel laureate (d. 1964)
1885 - Jules Romains, French author (d. 1972)
1894 - Sparky Adams, Baseball player (d. 1989)
1896 - Ivan Mihailov, Bulgarian revolutionary (d. 1990)
1897 - Yoon Boseon, President of South Korea (d. 1990)
1898 - Peggy Guggenheim, American art collector (d. 1979)
1899 - Rufino Tamayo, Mexican painter (d. 1991)
1900 - Hellmuth Walter, German engineer and inventor (d. 1980)
1901 - Maxwell Taylor, American general (d. 1987)
1901 - Chen Yi, Chinese communist military commander and politician (d. 1972)
1904 - Christopher Isherwood, English-born writer (d. 1986)
1906 - Albert Sabin, American polio researcher (d. 1993)
1908 - W. B. Henning, Prussian-born Iranist (d. 1967)
1908 - Aubrey Schenck, film producer (d. 1999)
1909 - Jim Davis, American actor (d. 1981)
1909 - Gene Moore, baseball player (d. 1978)
1910 - Mother Teresa, a Roman Catholic nun who founded the Missionaries of Charity and won the Nobel Peace Prize (d. 1997)
1914 - Julio Cortázar, Argentine writer (d. 1984)
1920 - Brant Parker, American cartoonist (d. 2007)
1921 - Benjamin Bradlee, American journalist
1922 - Irving R. Levine, American journalist
1923 - Wolfgang Sawallisch, German conductor and pianist
1924 - Alex Kellner, baseball player (d. 1996)
1925 - Jack Hirshleifer, American economist (d. 2005)
1925 - Alain Peyrefitte, French politician and writer (d. 1999)
1928 - Peter Appleyard, Canadian jazz vibraphonist
1928 - Naïm Kattan, Canadian novelist and essayist
1934 - Tom Heinsohn, American basketball player and commentator
1935 - Geraldine Ferraro, U.S. Vice Presidential candidate
1936 - Yvette Vickers, American actress
1940 - Don LaFontaine, American voice actor
1941 - Barbet Schroeder, Swiss film director
1941 - Akiko Wakabayashi, Japanese actress
1941 - Chris Curtis, English singer and drummer ( The searchers) (d. 2005)
1942 - Vic Dana, American singer
1942 - Dennis Turner, British politician
1944 - Prince Richard
1944 - Stephen Greif, English actor
1944 - Maureen Tucker, American musician ( The Velvet Underground)
1945 - Tom Ridge, first United States Secretary of Homeland Security
1946 - Valerie Simpson, American singer
1946 - Mark Snow, American composer
1946 - Zhou Ji, Education Minister of the People's Republic of China
1946 - Chantal Renaud, Quebec singer and actress
1950 - Jerome "Pop" Pentsky, Co-founder and president of Popeyes Chicken & Biscuits
1952 - Bryon Baltimore, Canadian ice hockey player
1952 - Michael Jeter, American actor (d. 2003)
1952 - Will Shortz, New York Times crossword editor
1953 - Pat Sharkey, Irish footballer
1954 - Efren Reyes, World Pool Player
1957 - Dr. Alban, Nigerian-Swedish singer
1957 - Rick Hansen, Canadian paraplegic athlete
1960 - Branford Marsalis, American saxophonist and bandleader
1960 - Nancy Martinez, Canadian-born singer
1961 - Jeff Parrett, American baseball player
1962 - Bob Mionske, American cyclist and attorney
1965 - Chris Burke, American actor
1965 - Bobby Duncum, wrestler (d. 2000)
1965 - Jon Hensley, American actor
1966 - Jacques Brinkman, Dutch field hockey player
1966 - Shirley Manson, Scottish singer
1967 - Kelly Madison, porn star
1970 - Olimpiada Ivanova, Russian athlete
1971 - Thalía, Mexican singer
1976 - Amaia Montero, Spanish singer ( La Oreja de Van Gogh)
1976 - Zemfira, Russian singer
1977 - Saeko Chiba, Japanese seiyuu
1977 - Morris Peterson, American basketball player
1979 - Jamal Lewis, American football player
1979 - Cristian Mora, Ecuadorian footballer
1979 - Rubén Pazos, Spanish footballer
1980 - Macaulay Culkin, American actor
1980 - Chris Pine, American actor
1980 - Brendan Harris, American baseball player
1981 - Jesse Martin, Australian yachtsman
1981 - Petey Williams, Canadian professional wrestler
1983 - Félix Porteiro, Spanish racing driver
1986 - Cassie Ventura, American singer
1988 - Danielle Savre, American actress
1988 - Princess Maria Laura of Belgium
1988 - Evan Ross, American actor
1993 - Keke Palmer, American actress
1278 - King Otakar II of Bohemia
1346 - Killed in the Battle of Crécy:
1349 - Thomas Bradwardine, Archbishop of Canterbury
1551 - Margareta Leijonhufvud, queen of Gustav I of Sweden (b. 1516)
1572 - Petrus Ramus, French philosopher (b. 1515)
1595 - Antonio, claimant to the throne of Portugal (b. 1531)
1666 - Frans Hals, Dutch painter (b. circa 1580)
1714 - Edward Fowler, English Bishop of Gloucester (b. 1632)
1723 - Anton van Leeuwenhoek, Dutch scientist (b. 1632)
1785 - George Germain, British soldier and politician (b. 1716)
1850 - Louis-Philippe of France (b. 1773)
1865 - Johann Franz Encke, German astronomer (b. 1791)
1908 - Tony Pastor, American vaudeville performer (b. 1837)
1910 - William James, American psychologist (b. 1842)
1915 - John Bunny American comedian (b. 1863)
1930 - Lon Chaney, American actor (b. 1883)
1944 - Adam von Trott zu Solz, German diplomat (b. 1909)
1945 - Franz Werfel, Austrian writer (b. 1890)
1946 - Jeanie MacPherson, American actress and screenwriter (b. 1887)
1956 - Alfred Wagenknecht, German-born American activist (b. 1881)
1958 - Ralph Vaughan Williams, English composer (b. 1872)
1968 - Kay Francis, American actress (b. 1899)
1974 - Charles Lindbergh, American aviator (b. 1902)
1976 - Lotte Lehmann, German soprano (b. 1888)
1978 - Charles Boyer, French actor (b. 1899)
1978 - José Manuel Moreno, Argentine footballer (b. 1916)
1979 - Mika Waltari, Finnish author (b. 1908)
1980 - Rosa Albach-Retty, German actress (b. 1874)
1980 - Tex Avery, American cartoonist (b. 1908)
1981 - Roger Nash Baldwin, founder of the American Civil Liberties Union (b. 1884)
1981 - Lee Elhardt Hays, American folksinger (b. 1914)
1986 - Ted Knight, American actor (b. 1923)
1987 - Georg Wittig, German chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1897)
1988 - Carlos Paião, Portuguese singer (b. 1957)
1989 - Irving Stone, American author (b. 1903)
1990 - Minoru Honda, Japanese astronomer (b. 1913)
1992 - Arthur Leigh Allen, American suspected murderer (b. 1933)
1992 - Bob de Moor, Belgian comics artist (b. 1925)
1995 - Ronald White, American singer and songwriter ( The Miracles) (b. 1939)
1998 - Frederick Reines, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1918)
2000 - Akbar Adibi, Iranian scientist (b. 1939)
2001 - Louis Muhlstock, Canadian painter (b. 1904)
2003 - Jim Wacker, American football coach (b. 1937)
2004 - Laura Branigan, American singer (b. 1957)
2005 - Denis D'Amour, Canadian guitarist ( Voivod) (b. 1960)
2005 - Robert Denning, American interior designer (b. 1927)
2006 - Rainer Barzel, German politician (b. 1924)
2006 - Clyde Walcott, Barbadian West Indies cricketer (b. 1926)
2007 - Gaston Thorn, Luxembourger politician (b. 1928)
Holidays and observances Edit
External links Edit
76 Familypedia people were born on August 26
91 Familypedia people died on August 26
76 Familypedia people were first married on August 26