is the 218th day of the year (219th in August 6 leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 147 days remaining until the end of the year.
1538 - Bogotá, Colombia, is founded by Gonzalo Jiménez de Quesada.
1787 - Sixty proof sheets of the Constitution of the United States are delivered to the Constitutional Convention.
1806 - Francis II, the last Holy Roman Emperor, abdicates, thus ending the Holy Roman Empire.
1819 - Norwich University founded in Vermont as the first private military school in the United States.
1825 - Bolivia gains independence from Spain.
1845 - Russian Geographical Society is founded in Saint Petersburg.
1861 - British annexation of Lagos, Nigeria.
1862 - American Civil War: The Confederate ironclad CSS is scuttled on the Arkansas Mississippi River after suffering damage in a battle with USS near Essex Baton Rouge, Louisiana.
1870 - Franco-Prussian War: Battle of Wœrth is fought, resulting in a decisive Prussian victory.
1890 - At Auburn Prison in New York, murderer William Kemmler becomes the first person to be executed by electric chair.
1901 - Kiowa land in Oklahoma is opened for white settlement, effectively dissolving the contiguous reservation.
1909 - Alice Ramsey and three friends become the first women to complete a transcontinental auto trip.
1912 - The Bull Moose Party meets at the Chicago Coliseum.
1914 - World War I: First Battle of the Atlantic - Two days after the United Kingdom declared war on Germany over the German invasion of Belgium, ten German U-boats leave their base in Heligoland to attack Royal Navy warships in the North Sea.
1914 - World War I: Serbia declares war on Germany; Austria declares war on Russia.
1914 - Denis Patrick Dowd Jr. enlists in the French Foreign Legion, becoming the first American to fight in World War I.
1915 - World War I: Battle of Sari Bair - The Allies mount a diversionary attack timed to coincide with a major Allied landing of reinforcements at Suvla Bay.
1917 - World War I: The Battle of Mărăşeşti between the Romanian and German armies begins.
1923 - Henry Sullivan swims the English Channel.
1926 - Gertrude Ederle becomes first woman to swim across the English Channel.
1926 - In New York, the Warner Brothers' Vitaphone system premieres with the movie starring Don Juan John Barrymore.
1926 - Harry Houdini performs his greatest feat, spending 91 minutes underwater in a sealed tank before escaping.
1941 - A curfew is imposed on US gas stations in preparation for the upcoming war.
1942 - Queen Wilhelmina is the first reigning queen to address a joint session of the United States Congress.
1945 - World War II: Hiroshima is devastated when an atomic bomb, "Little Boy", is dropped by the United States B-29 . Around 70,000 people were killed instantly.
Enola Gay 1956 - After going bankrupt in 1955, the American broadcaster DuMont Television Network has its final broadcast, a boxing match from St. Nicholas Arena.
1958 - Sports: Australian runner Herb Elliot broke the world record for the mile at the Morton Stadium in Dublin, in a time of 3:54.5.
1960 - Cuban Revolution: In response to a United States embargo, Cuba nationalizes American and foreign-owned property in the nation.
1961 - Second successful manned orbital flight ( USSR, Gherman Titov)
1962 - Jamaica becomes independent.
1964 - Prometheus, the world's oldest tree, is cut down.
1965 - US President Lyndon B. Johnson signs the Voting Rights Act of 1965 into United States law.
1966 - Braniff Airlines Flight 250 crashes in Falls City killing all 42 on board.
1976 - Zulfikar Ali Bhutto lays foundation-stone of Port Qasim, Karachi.
1986 - A low-pressure system that redeveloped off the New South Wales coast dumps a record 328 millimetres (13 inches) of rain in a day on Sydney.
1988 - " Tompkins Square Park Police Riot" in New York City. A riot erupted in Tompkins Square Park when police attempted to enforce a newly-passed curfew for the park. Bystanders, artists, residents, homeless people and political activists were caught up in the police action that took place on the night of August 6 and the early morning of August 7.
1990 - Gulf War: The United Nations Security Council orders a global trade embargo against Iraq in response to Iraq's invasion of Kuwait.
1991 - Tim Berners-Lee releases files describing his idea for the World Wide Web. WWW debuts as a publicly available service on the Internet.
1991 - Doi Takako, chair of the Social Democratic Party, becomes Japan's first female speaker of the House of Representatives.
1993 - Louis Freeh is confirmed by the United States Senate to be the director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation.
1996 - NASA announces that the ALH 84001 meteorite, thought to originate from Mars, contains evidence of primitive life-forms.
1997 - Microsoft buys $150 million worth of shares of financially troubled Apple Computer.
1997 - Korean Air Flight 801, a Boeing 747-300, crashes into the jungle on Guam on approach to airport, killing 228.
2000 - The Roman Catholic Church's Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, under Prefect Joseph Cardinal Ratzinger, publishes , notable for its lack of the Dominus Iesus filioque clause in the Latin text of the Nicene Creed.
2001 - White House briefing entitled Bin Laden Determined to Strike in U.S. delivered to George W. Bush. This document foreshadowed the September 11.
2002 - Marquis de la Fayette is made Honorary Citizen of the United States
2002 - Manindra Agrawal et al prove the long standing number theory conjecture in the article entitled
Primes in P. 2007 - The Crandall Canyon Mine in Utah collapses trapping 6 men.
1180 - Emperor Go-Toba of Japan (d. 1239)
1504 - Matthew Parker, Archbishop of Canterbury (d. 1575)
1619 - Barbara Strozzi, Italian singer and composer (d. 1677)
1638 - Nicolas Malebranche, French philosopher (d. 1715)
1644 - Louise de la Vallière, French mistress of Louis XIV of France (d. 1710)
1656 - Claude de Forbin, French naval commander (d. 1733)
1697 - Charles VII (d. 1745)
1715 - Luc de Clapiers, French writer (d. 1747)
1766 - William Hyde Wollaston, English chemist (d. 1828)
1768 - Jean-Baptiste Bessières, French marshal (d. 1813)
1775 - Daniel O'Connell, Irish politician (d. 1847)
1809 - Alfred Lord Tennyson, English poet (d. 1892)
1844 - James Henry Greathead, British engineer (d. 1896)
1844 - Alfred (d. 1900)
1861 - Edith Roosevelt, American First Lady of the United States (d. 1948)
1868 - Paul Claudel, French poet (d. 1955)
1874 - Charles Fort, American writer and researcher (d. 1932)
1877 - Wallace H. White, American politician (d. 1952)
1880 - Hans Moser, Austrian actor (d. 1964)
1881 - Leo Carrillo, American actor (d. 1961)
1881 - Alexander Fleming, Scottish scientist, Nobel laureate (d. 1955)
1881 - Louella Parsons, American gossip columnist (d. 1972)
1887 - Dudley Benjafield, British racing driver (d. 1957)
1888 - Heinrich Schlusnus, German baritone (d. 1952)
1889 - John Middleton Murry, English poet (d. 1957)
1889 - George Kenney, American Air Force General (d. 1977)
1891 - William Slim, British general (d. 1970)
1892 - Hoot Gibson, American actor (d. 1962)
1893 - Wright Patman, American politician (d. 1976)
1900 - Cecil H. Green, American geophysicist (d. 2003)
1902 - Dutch Schultz, American bootlegger (d. 1935)
1904 - Henry Iba, American basketball coach (d. 1993)
1906 - Vic Dickenson, American trombonist (d. 1984)
1908 - Helen Jacobs, American tennis player (d. 1997)
1908 - Will Lee, American actor (d. 1982)
1910 - Charles Crichton, British film director (d. 1999)
1911 - Lucille Ball, American actress (d. 1989)
1914 - Arthur Charles Dobson, British racing driver (d. 1980)
1916 - Richard Hofstadter, American historian (d. 1970)
1916 - Dom Mintoff, Maltese Prime Minister
1917 - Robert Mitchum, American actor (d. 1997)
1918 - Norman Granz, American record producer (d. 2001)
1920 - Ella Raines, American actress (d. 1988)
1922 - Sir Freddie Laker, English entrepreneur (d. 2006)
1923 - Jess Collins, American artist (d. 2004)
1925 - Barbara Bates, American actress (d. 1969)
1926 - Clem Labine, American baseball player (d. 2007)
1926 - Norman Wexler, American screenwriter (d. 1999)
1926 - Frank Finlay, British actor
1928 - Andy Warhol, American artist (d. 1987)
1928 - Herb Moford, American baseball player (d. 2005)
1929 - Roch La Salle, Canadian politician (d. 2007)
1930 - Abbey Lincoln, American jazz singer
1932 - Howard Hodgkin, British painter
1934 - Piers Anthony, English writer
1937 - Barbara Windsor, English actress
1937 - Baden Powell de Aquino, Brazilian guitarist (d. 2000)
1938 - Paul Bartel, American actor (d. 2000)
1938 - Peter Bonerz, American actor
1940 - Mukhu Aliyev, Dagestanian politician
1941 - Lyle Berman, American poker player
1941 - Ray Culp, American baseball player
1942 - George Jung, American convicted drug felon
1943 - Jon Postel, American computer scientist (d. 1998)
1945 - Andy Messersmith, American baseball player
1945 - Ron Jones, British TV director (d. 1995)
1946 - Allan Holdsworth, British musician
1946 - Roh Moo-hyun, South Korean politician
1946 - Masaaki Sakai, Japanese comedian
1948 - Dino Bravo, Canadian professional wrestler (d. 1993)
1949 - Alan Campbell, Northern Irish clergyman
1949 - Clarence Richard Silva, Catholic Bishop of Honolulu
1950 - Dorian Harewood, American actor
1951 - Daryl Somers, Australian television personality
1951 - Catherine Hicks, American actress
1952 - Vinnie Vincent, American musician (ex- Kiss)
1954 - Paul Steigerwald, American sports announcer
1957 - Jim McGreevey, American politician
1957 - Bob Horner, American baseball player
1962 - Michelle Yeoh, Chinese-Malaysian actress
1962 - Marc Lavoine, French singer and actor
1963 - Kevin Mitnick, American computer hacker
1964 - Moosie Drier, American actor and director
1965 - Yuki Kajiura, Japanese composer
1965 - David Robinson, American basketball player
1967 - Archbishop Alexy
1967 - Mike Greenberg, American sportscaster
1967 - Julie Snyder, Quebec talk show host and producer
1969 - Elliott Smith, American musician (d. 2003)
1970 - M. Night Shyamalan, Indian-born American film director
1971 - Merrin Dungey, American actress
1972 - Geri Halliwell, British singer ( Spice Girls)
1973 - Vera Farmiga, American actress
1973 - Max Kellerman, American sportscaster
1973 - Stuart O'Grady, Australian cyclist
1974 - Luis Vizcaino, Dominican baseball player
1975 - Victor Zambrano, Venezuelan baseball player
1975 - Jamie McGonnigal, American Actor, Director, Producer
1975 - Renate Götschl, Austrian alpine skier
1976 - Melissa George, Australian actress
1976 - Soleil Moon Frye, American actress
1977 - Jimmy Nielsen, Danish footballer
1977 - Leandro Amaral, Brazilian footballer
1978 - Marisa Miller, American supermodel
1980 - Danny Collins, Welsh footballer
1980 - Wilber Pan, American-born Taiwanese singer
1982 - Karl Davies, British actor
1982 - Derek Mount, American guitarist ( Family Force 5)
1982 - Adrianne Curry, American model
1982 - Ryan Sypek, American actor
1983 - Robin van Persie, Dutch footballer
1986 - Bryan Young, Canadian ice hockey player
1990 - JonBenét Ramsey, American murder victim (d. 1996)
258 - Saint Pope Sixtus II
523 - Saint Pope Hormisdas
1162 - Ramon Berenguer IV
1195 - Henry the Lion, Duke of Saxony and Bavaria (b. 1129)
1221 - Saint Dominic, Spanish founder of the Dominicans (b. 1170)
1272 - King Stephen V of Hungary
1414 - King Ladislas of Naples (b. 1377)
1458 - Pope Callixtus III (b. 1378)
1623 - Anne Hathaway (b. 1556)
1628 - Johannes Junius, Mayor of Bamberg (b. 1573)
1637 - Ben Jonson, English writer (b. 1572)
1645 - Lionel Cranfield, English merchant (b. 1575)
1657 - Bohdan Khmelnytsky, Polish-Lithuanian noble
1660 - Diego Velázquez, Spanish painter (b. 1599)
1679 - John Snell, English royalist (b. 1629)
1694 - Antoine Arnauld, French philosopher and mathematician (b. 1612)
1695 - François de Harlay de Champvallon, French Catholic archbishop (b. 1625)
1753 - Georg Wilhelm Richmann, Russian physicist (struck by lightning) (b. 1711)
1759 - Eugene Aram, English philologist (b. 1704)
1794 - Henry Bathurst, British politician (b. 1714)
1815 - James A. Bayard, United States Senator from Delaware (b. 1767)
1828 - Konstantin von Benckendorff, Russian general and statesman
1850 - Edward Walsh, Irish poet (b. 1805)
1866 - John Mason Neale, English divine, scholar and hymnwriter (b. 1818)
1881 - James White, co-founder of the Seventh-day Adventist Church (b. 1821)
1884 - Robert Spear Hudson, English businessman (b. 1812)
1893 - Jean-Jacques Challet-Venel, member of the Swiss Federal Council (b. 1811)
1904 - Eduard Hanslick, Austrian music critic (b. 1825)
1914 - Ellen Louise Wilson, first wife of President Woodrow Wilson (b. 1860)
1920 - Stefan Bastyr, Polish aviator, first flight in independent Poland (b. 1890)
1931 - Bix Beiderbecke, American musician (b. 1903)
1945 - Hiram Johnson, American politician (b. 1866)
1945 - Prince Wu of Korea (b. 1912)
1945 - Richard Bong, America's all time Ace of Aces (b. 1920)
1946 - Tony Lazzeri, American baseball player (b. 1903)
1959 - Preston Sturges, American playwright, screenwriter, and director (b. 1898)
1964 - Sir Cedric Hardwicke, English actor (b. 1893)
1966 - Cordwainer Smith, American writer (b. 1913)
1969 - Theodor Adorno, German sociologist and philosopher (b. 1903)
1973 - Memphis Minnie, American blues singer (b. 1897)
1973 - Fulgencio Batista, Cuban president and de facto leader (b. 1901)
1974 - Gene Ammons, American jazz saxophonist (b. 1925)
1976 - Gregor Piatigorsky, Russian cellist (b. 1903)
1978 - Pope Paul VI (b. 1897)
1979 - Feodor Felix Konrad Lynen, German biochemist, Nobel Prize Laureate (b. 1911)
1983 - Klaus Nomi, German singer (b. 1944)
1985 - Forbes Burnham, President of Guyana (b. 1923)
1986 - Emilio Fernández, Mexican actor, screenwriter and film director (b. 1904)
1987 - Ira Eaker, American Air Force leader (b. 1896)
1990 - Jacques Soustelle, French anthropologist (b. 1912)
1991 - Roland Michener, Canadian politician and governor general (b. 1900)
1991 - Shapour Bakhtiar, Former Iranian prime minister, assassinated in Paris (b. 1915)
1991 - Harry Reasoner, American reporter (b. 1923)
1993 - Tex Hughson, American baseball player (b. 1916)
1994 - Domenico Modugno, Italian singer and songwriter (b. 1928)
1998 - Andre Weil, French mathematician (b. 1906)
2001 - Jorge Amado de Faria, Brazilian writer (b. 1912)
2001 - Dorothy Tutin, English actress (b. 1930)
2002 - Edsger Dijkstra, Dutch computer scientist (b. 1930)
2004 - Rick James, American musician (b. 1948)
2005 - Ibrahim Ferrer, Cuban musician ( Buena Vista Social Club) (b. 1927)
2005 - Keter Betts, American jazz bassist (b. 1928)
2005 - Robin Cook, British politician (b. 1946)
2007 - Zsolt Daczi, Hungarian rock guitarist (Bikini, Omen, Carpathia Project, Tirana Rockers, solo) (b. 1969)
2007 - Heinz Barth, German war criminal (b. 1920)
Holidays and observances Edit
External links Edit
80 Familypedia people were born on August 6
93 Familypedia people died on August 6
80 Familypedia people were first married on August 6