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Azamgarh district

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Azamgarh district (Hindi: आज़मगढ़ ज़िला, Urdu: اعظم گڑھ ضلع) is one of the three districts of Azamgarh Division in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh.

Origin of NameEdit

The district is named after its headquarters town, Azamgarh. Azam, son of Vikramajit, founded the town in 1665. Vikramajit a descendant of Gautam Rajputs of Mehnagar in pargana Nizamabad had embraced the faith of Islam. He had two sons, namely, Azam and Azmat.[1]. It is also known as land of the famous rishi Durvasa whose ashram is situated in Phulpur tehsil where thousands of his students were used to take education.[2]

GeographyEdit

Azamgarh district has an area of 4,054 square kilometres (1,565 sq mi). The district lies between the Ganges and the Ghagahara.[1]Azamgarh district is surrounded by the districts of Mau in the east, Gorakhpur in the north, Ghazipur in the south-east, Jaunpur in the south-west, Sultanpur in the west and Ambedkar Nagar in the north-west. [3]

Azamgarh district is further divided into 7 tehsils, and 22 development blocks. There are 4,106 villages (3,792 inhabited and 314 uninhabited) in the district.[1]

HistoryEdit

India's Freedom StruggleEdit

Azamgarh has the distinction of participating in every small and big struggle to free India from its colonial rulers. The Great Historian, Writer, Social Reformer, Nationalist Mahapandit Rahul Sankrityayan played a major role in Indian Freedom Struggle. He have been arrested and jailed for three Years for creating Anti-British Writings and speeches. Both Hindu and Muslim landowners (known as Rautaras) of Azamgarh aided and abetted the mutiny and rebellion against the British in 1857. On the 3rd of June 1857 the 17th Regiment of Native Infantry mutinied at Azamgarh, murdered some of their officers, and carried off the government treasure to Fayzabad. The district became a centre of the fighting between the Gurkhas and the rebels, and was not finally cleared until October 1858 by Colonel Kelly. Later, many of the local land owners were crushed by the British.[4] Later, residents of Azamgarh actively participated in various national movements including the Civil Disobedience Movement and the Quit India Movement in 1942.[1]

DemographicsEdit

Azamgarh district's total population was 3,939,915 as per 2001 census with population density of 972/km². The population consists of 297,300 urban and 3,642,616 rural; 1,989,501 females and 1,950,414 males. The literacy rate was 57%.[1]

Places of InterestEdit

Darul Musanafeen (Asia's Biggest Arabic library)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e "Azamgarh". Azamgarh district administration. http://azamgarh.nic.in. Retrieved 2010-08-05. 
  2. ^ “Durvasa Ashram in Azamgarh official public information web page”. This place is situated on the sangam of Tons and Majhuee river which is 6 km. north from the Phulpur tehsil headquarter
  3. ^ "Azamgarh". UP online. http://www.uponline.in/Profile/districts/Azamgarh.asp. Retrieved 2010-08-17. 
  4. ^ http://chestofbooks.com/reference/Encyclopedia-Britannica-1/Azamgarh.html


This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Azamgarh district. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.

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