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Bacău County

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Main Births etc
Bacău County
—  County (Judeţ)  —
Actual Bacau county COA.png
Coat of arms
Bacau.svg
Country Flag of Romania.svg Romania
Development region1 Nord-Est
Historic region Moldavia
Capital city (Resedinţă de judeţ) Bacău
Government
 • Type County Board
 • President of the County Board Dragoş Benea (Social Democratic Party)
 • Prefect2
Area
 • Total 6,621 km2 (2,556 sq mi)
Area rank 14th in Romania
Population (2002)
 • Total 706,623
 • Rank 6th in Romania
 • Density 113/km2 (290/sq mi)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal Code 60wxyz3
Area code(s) +40 x344
Car Plates BC5
GDP US$ 5.49 billion (2008)
GDP/capita US$ 7,776 (2008)
Website County Board
County Prefecture
1The development regions of Romania have no administrative role and were formed in order to manage funds from the European Union.
2As of 2007, the Prefect is not a politician, but a public functionary. He (or she) is not allowed to be a member of a political party, and is banned from engaging in any political activity in the first six months after his resignation (or exclusion) from the public functionary corps.
3w, x, y, and z are digits that indicate the city, the street, part of the street, or even the building of the address
4x is a digit indicating the operator: 2 for the former national operator, Romtelecom, and 3 for the other ground telephone networks
5used on both the plates of the vehicles that operate only in the county limits (like utility vehicles, ATVs, etc.), and the ones used outside the county

Bacău (Romanian pronunciation: [baˈkəw]) is a county (judeţ) of Romania, in Moldavia, with its capital city at Bacău. It has one commune, Ghimeș-Făget, in Transylvania.

DemographicsEdit

In 2002, it had a population of 706,623 and the population density was 113/km².

The ethnic breakdown was as follows:[1]

According to the 2002 census the Csángó (Romanian: Ceangăi) Hungarians number 5,100 people (0.7%). Some estimates put the total number of Csángós at around 70,000.[2]

Year County population[3]
1948 414,996
1956 507,937
1966 598,321
1977 667,791
1992 737,512
2002 706,623

GeographyEdit

This county has a total area of 6,621 km².

The West side of the county are mountains from the Eastern Carpathian group. Here, along the valleys of the Oituz River and Trotuş River there are two important links between Moldavia and Transylvania. To the East side, the heights decrease and the lowest point can be found on the Siret River valley which crosses the county from North to South in the middle. On the East side there is the Moldavian Plateau crossed by many small rivers.

NeighboursEdit

EconomyEdit

The county of Bacău was one of the most industrialized regions in the communist period and it remained Moldavia's most important industrial center ever since. There are two large oil refineries at Oneşti and Dărmăneşti. Following the collapse of the communist regime, Bacău continued to be the region's most important GDP supplier, but the county became more famous for the controversial figures involved in local economy than for its performance.

The predominant industries in the county are:

  • The chemical and oil industry.
  • Food industry.
  • Construction materials industry.
  • Wood and paper industry.
  • Textile industry.
  • Mechanical components industry.
  • Aeronautics industry.

In Bacău county there are important reserves of oil and salt. Also coal is exploited.

TourismEdit

The main tourist destinations in the county are:

PeopleEdit

Administrative divisionsEdit

Actual Bacau county CoA

The coat of arms used until 3 March 2008 [4][5][6]

Bacău County has 3 municipalities, 5 towns and 85 communes

PoliticsEdit

Bacău became famous after electing Ilie Ilaşcu of the Greater Romania Party as their Senator, while he was held in prison in Transnistria.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ National Institute of Statistics, "Populaţia după etnie"
  2. ^ 1987 estimate published in: Tennant, Chris (transl.) (1994) The Hungarian minority’s situation in Ceauşescu's Romania. Boulder: Social Science Monographs. p. 33.
  3. ^ National Institute of Statistics, "Populaţia la recensămintele din anii 1948, 1956, 1966, 1977, 1992 şi 2002"
  4. ^ Bacău County Council decision
  5. ^ appendix 1 of the previous decision (the image)
  6. ^ appendix 2 of the previous decision (the descriprion and symbolism)

External linksEdit

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This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Bacău County. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.

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