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Barbour County, Alabama

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Barbour County, Alabama
Barbour County courthouse in Clayton
Map of Alabama highlighting Barbour County
Location in the state of Alabama
Map of USA AL
Alabama's location in the U.S.
Founded December 18, 1832
Seat Clayton
Largest city Eufaula
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

904.52 sq mi (2,343 km²)
884.90 sq mi (2,292 km²)
19.61 sq mi (51 km²), 2.17%
Population
 - (2010)
 - Density

27,457
31/sq mi (11.9/km²)

Barbour County, Alabama is a county of the U.S. state of Alabama. Its name is in honor of James Barbour, who served as Governor of Virginia. As of 2010 the population was 27,457. Its county seat is Clayton.

HistoryEdit

Barbour County was established on December 18, 1832, from former Creek Indian territory and a portion of Pike County. Its boundaries were altered in 1866 and 1868.[1] The Election Riot of 1874 occurred near Comer.

In 1833, Louisville was chosen as the first county seat for Barbour County. The county seat was moved in 1834 after an eleven-member committee selected Clayton to be the seat of government because of its central geographic location. By the 1870s, Eufaula had surpassed Clayton in size, sparking debate concerning whether the county seat should be moved to the county's commercial center or remain at its geographic center. A compromise was reached on February 12, 1879, with the approval of Act No. 106, establishing courts in both Eufaula and Clayton. Today, two courthouses remain operational in Barbour County.

Barbour County GovernorsEdit

Barbour County is home to more Alabama governors than any other county in the state. Six elected governors as well as two acting governors have called Barbour County home. The Barbour County Governors' Trail was established by an act of the Alabama Legislature in 2000 to honor the eight distinguished men and women who have served as governor from Barbour County.

Alabama Governors from Barbour County
Name In Office Hometown
John Gill Shorter 1861–1863 Eufaula, AL
William Dorsey Jelks 1901–1907 Eufaula, AL
Braxton Bragg Comer 1907–1911 Spring Hill, AL
Charles S. McDowell July 10,11, 1924 Eufaula, AL
Chauncey Sparks 1943–1947 Eufaula, AL
Lurleen Burns Wallace 1967–1968

Died in Office

Clayton, AL
Jere Beasley June 5 - July 7, 1972 Clayton, AL
George Corley Wallace 1963–1967,

1971-1979, 1983-1987

Clio, AL

GeographyEdit

According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 904.52 square miles (2,342.7 km2), of which 884.90 square miles (2,291.9 km2) (or 97.83%) is land and 19.61 square miles (50.8 km2) (or 2.17%) is water.[2]

Major highwaysEdit

Adjacent countiesEdit

National protected areaEdit

DemographicsEdit

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1840 12,024
1850 23,632 +96.5%
1860 30,812 +30.4%
1870 29,309 −4.9%
1880 33,979 +15.9%
1890 34,898 +2.7%
1900 35,152 +0.7%
1910 32,728 −6.9%
1920 32,067 −2.0%
1930 32,425 +1.1%
1940 32,722 +0.9%
1950 28,892 −11.7%
1960 24,700 −14.5%
1970 22,543 −8.7%
1980 24,756 +9.8%
1990 25,417 +2.7%
2000 29,038 +14.2%
2010 27,457 −5.4%
Sources: "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder2.census.gov/faces/nav/jsf/pages/index.xhtml.  through 1960

As of the census[3] of 2000, there were 29,038 people, 10,409 households, and 7,390 families residing in the county. The population density was 33 people per square mile (13/km2). There were 12,461 housing units at an average density of 14 per square mile (5/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 51.27% White, 46.32% Black or African American, 0.45% Native American, 0.29% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.91% from other races, and 0.73% from two or more races. 1.65% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 670 people who spoke Spanish in their home. The only other language with over 100 speakers was French at 105.

In 2005 Barbour County had a population that was 49.5% non-Hispanic whites. 46.8% of the population was African-American. 0.3% of the population reported more than one race. Latinos were now 3.1% of the population. 0.4% were Native American and 0.3% were Asian. (Sources census quickfacts)

In 2000 There were 10,409 households out of which 33.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.90% were married couples living together, 19.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.00% were non-families. 26.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.04.

In the county the population was spread out with 25.40% under the age of 18, 9.30% from 18 to 24, 29.60% from 25 to 44, 22.40% from 45 to 64, and 13.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 106.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 106.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $25,101, and the median income for a family was $31,877. Males had a median income of $28,441 versus $19,882 for females. The per capita income for the county was $13,316. About 21.60% of families and 26.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 37.10% of those under age 18 and 26.40% of those age 65 or over.

In 2000, the largest denominational groups were Evangelical Protestants (with 8,935 adherents) and Mainline Protestants (with 2,492 adherents).[4] The largest religious bodies were The Southern Baptist Convention (with 7,576 members) and The United Methodist Church (with 1,811 members).[4]

Cities and townsEdit

Places of interestEdit

Barbour County is home to Lakepoint Resort State Park, Blue Springs State Park, and the Eufaula National Wildlife Refuge.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

Further readingEdit

  • Trayvick, J.C. (2005). Soil survey of Barbour County, Alabama. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service.

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 31°51′57″N 85°23′46″W / 31.86583, -85.39611


This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Barbour County, Alabama. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.

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