Bexar County, Texas

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Bexar County, Texas
Bexar county courthouse
The Bexar County Courthouse in San Antonio.
Map of Texas highlighting Bexar County
Location in the state of Texas
Map of USA TX
Texas's location in the U.S.
Founded December 20, 1836
Seat San Antonio
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

1,257 sq mi (3,256 km²)
1,247 sq mi (3,230 km²)
10 sq mi (26 km²), 0.78%
 - (2010)
 - Density

1,375/sq mi (531/km²)

Bexar County (play /ˈbɛər/)[1] is a county in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the U.S. Census Bureau 2010 count, the population is 1,714,773. As of July 1, 2009, it is the 19th most populous county in the nation.[2] Its county seat is San Antonio[3]. In Spanish, "Béxar" is pronounced [ˈbexar].

Bexar County is part of the San Antonio Metropolitan Statistical Area. Despite being situated in the reliably Republican state of Texas, Bexar County is a major bellwether in presidential elections. The county has a perfect record of voting for the winning candidate in every presidential election since 1972.


Bexar County was created on December 20, 1836, and encompassed almost the entire western portion of the Republic of Texas, including the disputed areas of western New Mexico northward to Wyoming. After statehood, 128 counties were carved out of its area.

The county gets its name from San Antonio de Béxar, one of the twenty-three municipalities (administrative divisions) of Texas at the time of its independence. San Antonio de Béxar—originally Villa of San Fernando de Béxar—was the first civil government established in the Spanish province of Texas. Specifically, the municipality was created in 1731 when fifty-five Canary Islanders settled near the system of missions that had been established around the source of the San Antonio River. The new settlement was named after the Presidio San Antonio de Béjar, the Spanish military outpost that protected the missions. The presidio, located at the San Pedro Springs, was founded in 1718 and named for Viceroy Balthasar Manuel de Zúñiga y Guzmán Sotomayor y Sarmiento, second son of the Duke of Béxar (a city in Spain).


Bexar County is in south-central Texas, about 190 miles (305 km) west of Houston and 140 miles (225 km) inland from the Gulf of Mexico.

The Balcones Escarpment bisects the county from west to northeast; to the north of the escarpment are the rocky hills, springs and canyons of the Texas Hill Country. South of the escarpment are Blackland Prairie and the South Texas plains. The San Antonio River rises from springs north of downtown San Antonio, and flows southward and southeastward through the county.

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,257 square miles (3,255.6 km2), of which 1,247 square miles (3,229.7 km2) is land and 10 square miles (25.9 km2) (0.78%) is water.

Major HighwaysEdit

Adjacent counties Edit

National protected areaEdit


Historical populations
Census Pop.
1900 69,422
1910 119,676 72.4%
1920 202,096 68.9%
1930 292,533 44.7%
1940 338,176 15.6%
1950 500,460 48.0%
1960 687,151 37.3%
1970 830,460 20.9%
1980 988,800 19.1%
1990 1,185,394 19.9%
2000 1,392,931 17.5%
2010 1,714,773 23.1%

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 1,392,931 people, 488,942 households, and 345,681 families residing in the county. The population density was 1,117 people per square mile (431/km²). There were 521,359 housing units at an average density of 418 per square mile (161/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 68.86% White, 7.18% Black or African American, 0.80% Native American, 1.61% Asian, 0.10% Pacific Islander, 17.80% from other races, and 3.64% from two or more races. 54.35% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 488,942 households out of which 36.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.50% were married couples living together, 15.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.30% were non-families. 24.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.78 and the average family size was 3.33.

In the county, the population was spread out with 28.50% under the age of 18, 10.70% from 18 to 24, 30.60% from 25 to 44, 19.90% from 45 to 64, and 10.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 94.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $38,328, and the median income for a family was $43,724. Males had a median income of $30,756 versus $24,920 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,363. About 12.70% of families and 15.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.40% of those under age 18 and 12.20% of those age 65 or over.


Presidential Election Results 1960-2008
Year Democrat Republican
2008 52.23% 275,527 46.69% 246,275
2004 44.39% 210,976 54.85% 260,698
2000 44.86% 185,158 52.24% 215,613
1996 49.74% 180,308 44.59% 161,619
1992 41.54% 172,513 40.65% 168,816
1988 47.07% 174,036 52.25% 193,192
1984 40.18% 136,947 59.65% 203,319
1980 44.65% 137,729 51.73% 159,578
1976 54.00% 146,581 44.64% 121,176
1972 39.82% 91,662 59.76% 137,572
1968 51.56% 95,325 39.46% 72,951
1964 66.86% 108,658 32.90% 53,469
1960 53.74% 75,373 45.59% 63,934

Bexar County is a major bellwether in presidential elections. Since the 1972 presidential election, the winner of Bexar County has gone on to win the general election. In the 2008 presidential election, Barack Obama carried Bexar County with 52.23% of the vote. This was very similar to his national figure of 52.92%.

Famous People from Bexar County Edit

Cities and towns Edit

* Only a very small portion of Cibolo is in Bexar County.
** Fair Oaks Ranch has territory in Bexar County, Kendall County, and Comal County.
*** Selma and Schertz each have territory in both Bexar County and Guadalupe County. Schertz also has territory in Comal County.
**** Lytle has territory in Bexar County, Atascosa County and Medina County.

Military InstallationsEdit


The Bexar County jail facilities are at 200 North Comal in Downtown San Antonio.[5]

The Texas Department of Criminal Justice operates the Dominguez Unit, a state jail for men, in an unincorporated section of Bexar County.[6]

See alsoEdit

References Edit

  • Stephens, A. Ray, and William M. Holmes, Historical Atlas of Texas. University of Oklahoma Press, 1989. ISBN 0-8061-2307-9

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 29°27′N 98°31′W / 29.45, -98.52

This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Bexar County, Texas. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.

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