|Braunau am Inn|
|— Town —|
|District||Braunau am Inn District|
|• Mayor||Johannes Waidbacher (ÖVP)|
|• Total||24.8 km2 (9.6 sq mi)|
|Elevation||351 m (1,152 ft)|
|• Density||655/km2 (1,700/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
Braunau am Inn lies about 90 km (56 mi) west of the state capital of Linz, on the border with the German state of Bavaria. The population of Braunau am Inn in was 16,372 in 2001. A port of entry, it is connected by bridges over the River Inn with its Bavarian counterpart, Simbach am Inn. The town gave its name to its district.
The town was first mentioned around 810 and received a statute in 1260, which makes it one of the oldest known towns in Austria. It became a fortress town and important trading route junction, dealing with the salt trade and with ship traffic on the River Inn.
Throughout its history, it changed hands four times. As a major Bavarian settlement, the town played an outstanding role in the Bavarian uprising against the Austrian occupation during the War of the Spanish Succession, when it hosted the Braunau Parliament, a provisional Bavarian Parliament in 1705 headed by Georg Sebastian Plinganser (born 1680 in Pfarrkirchen; died 7 May 1738 in Augsburg). In 1779 it became an Austrian town under the terms of the treaty of Teschen, which settled the War of the Bavarian Succession. Under the terms of the Treaty of Pressburg, Braunau became Bavarian again in 1809. In 1816, during reorganisation of Europe after the Napoleonic Wars, Bavaria ceded the town to Austria and was compensated by the gain of Aschaffenburg. Braunau has been Austrian ever since.
Braunau has a 15th-century church with a 99m-high spire, the third highest in Austria. Its patron saint is St. Stephen. The remains of a castle house a museum and parts of the former town walls can still be seen. Another museum is housed in refurbished 18th century public baths.
Adolf Hitler was born in Braunau am Inn, in a house located at Salzburger Vorstadt 15, on 20 April 1889. He and his family left Braunau and moved to Passau in 1892. In 1989, mayor Gerhard Skiba took the initiative and placed a memorial stone commemorating the victims of World War II in front of the building in which Hitler was born. The stone is made of granite from the Mauthausen concentration camp. It states, Für Frieden, Freiheit und Demokratie. Nie wieder Faschismus. Millionen Tote mahnen, or "For peace, freedom and democracy; millions of dead urge: never again fascism." It is often vandalised by members of neo-Nazi groups. In 2011, the town council revoked the honorary citizenship that had been awarded to Hitler by Ranshofen in 1933, despite the fact no historical evidence could be found it was granted.
In 1938, Ranshofen, which at that time had one of Austria's largest aluminum plants, was annexed to Braunau.
In 1948, Braunau had a population of 11,744.
- Adolf Hitler (April 20, 1889–April 30, 1945), Nazi leader of the Third Reich 1933-1945.
- Edmund Glaise von Horstenau (1882-1946), military officer and historian
- Franz Xaver Gruber (1787-1863), teacher and musician, author of the famous Christmas carol «Stille Nacht»
- Dominik Landertinger (1988-), biathlete
- Franz Jetzinger (1882-1965), cleric and writer
- Susanne Riess-Passer (1961), politician
- Rudi Schneider, (1908–1957), medium
- Gerhard Skiba, (1947), mayor
- ^ "Hitler’s birthplace strips Fuehrer of honorary citizenship". Toronto Star. 8 July 2011. http://www.thestar.com/news/world/article/1021728--hitler-s-birthplace-strips-fuehrer-of-honorary-citizenship?bn=1. Retrieved 8 July 2011.
- ^ "Adolf Hitler's Austrian hometown revokes honour title". BBC News. 8 July 2011. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-14084913. Retrieved 27 January 2012.
- Official website of Braunau
- Books by Anna Rosmus contain multiple photos of Braunau in 1945: Valhalla Finale, 350 pp, Dorfmeister, Tittling, 2009, (hardcover) ISBN 3-9810084-7-2. and Ragnarök, 464 pp, Dorfmeister, Tittling, 2010, (hardcover) ISBN 3-9810084-8-0