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Broward County, Florida

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Broward County, Florida
BrowardCounty Logo
Seal
Map of Florida highlighting Broward County
Location in the state of Florida
Map of USA FL
Florida's location in the U.S.
Founded April 30, 1915
Named for Napoleon Bonaparte Broward
Seat Fort Lauderdale
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

1,320 sq mi (3,419 km²)
1,205 sq mi (3,121 km²)
114 sq mi (295 km²), 8.66%
PopulationEst.
 - (2005)
 - Density

1,777,638
1,347/sq mi (520/km²)
Website www.broward.org

Broward County is a county located in the U.S. state of Florida. As of 2000, the population is 1,623,018; this makes it the second most populated county in the state. According to 2006 U.S. Census estimates, its population had grown to 1,787,636 [1]. Its county seat is Fort Lauderdale[1].

It is also the fifteenth most populous county in the US.

Broward County is one of three counties that comprise the South Florida metropolitan area.

History Edit

Broward County was created in 1915. It was named for Napoleon Bonaparte Broward, Governor of Florida from 1905 to 1909. In 1915, Palm Beach County and Dade County contributed nearly equal portions of land to create Broward County. By the 1960s, Broward County was considered a leader in agriculture products and services within the State of Florida. The massive buildup of the South Florida region since the mid 1970s transformed the region, evidenced by the closure of the last major agriculture center within the county (Waldrep Dairy Farm) in 2003. It was one of the counties at the center of the 2000 U.S. Presidential election recount controversy. In 2002, it began an aggressive campaign of placing surveillance cameras along highways and traffic lights.

Points Of Interest Edit

Broward boasts some notable attractions. The Museum of Science and Discovery is located in Ft. Lauderdale. The International Swimming Hall of Fame is located near the Atlantic Ocean in Fort Lauderdale. The International Game Fish Association has the Hall of Fame for Sport Fishing in Dania Beach. Flamingo Gardens is a botanical garden and wildlife sanctuary. Butterfly World is located in Coconut Creek. Sawgrass Mills, a large shopping mall, is located in Sunrise. There are also multiple entrances to Everglades parks.

GeographyEdit

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 3,418 km² (1,320 sq mi). Approximately two-thirds -- 2,194 km² (847 sq mi) -- of the county's area lies in an undeveloped Everglades conservation area. 3,122 km² (1,205 sq mi) of the county's area is land and 296 km² (114 sq mi) of it is water. The total area is 8.66% water.

Broward approved the construction of Osborne Reef, an artificial reef made of tires off the Fort Lauderdale beach, but it has proven an environmental disaster.[2]

Adjacent CountiesEdit

Presidential elections results
Year Republican Democrat
2004 34.6% 244,674 64.2% 453,873
2000 30.9% 177,939 67.4% 387,760
1996 28.3% 142,870 63.5% 320,779
1992 30.9% 164,832 51.8% 276,361
1988 50.0% 220,316 49.5% 218,274
1984 56.7% 254,608 43.3% 194,584
1980 55.9% 229,693 35.6% 146,323
1976 47.1% 161,411 51.6% 176,491
1972 72.4% 196,528 27.3% 74,127
1968 54.5% 106,122 29.1% 56,613
1964 55.5% 85,264 44.5% 68,406
1960 58.8% 68,294 41.2% 47,811

DemographicsEdit

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1920 5,135
1930 20,094 291.3%
1940 39,794 98.0%
1950 83,933 110.9%
1960 333,946 297.9%
1970 620,100 85.7%
1980 1,018,200 64.2%
1990 1,255,488 23.3%
2000 1,623,018 29.3%

2000 Census Edit

As of the census[2] of 2000, there were 1,623,018 people, 654,445 households, and 411,645 families residing in the county. The population density was 520/km² (1,346/sq mi). There were 741,043 housing units at an average density of 237/km² (615/sq mi). The racial makeup of the county was 70.57% White, 20.54% Black or African American, 0.24% Native American, 2.25% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 3.00% from other races, and 3.35% from two or more races. 16.74% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

410,387 residents of Broward County, or 25.3 percent of the total population, are foreign-born. 60,241 of these were born in Jamaica, 47,445 in Haiti, 32,572 in Cuba, 12,776 in Peru, 10,843 in Mexico, 9,189 in the United Kingdom, and 9,015 in the Dominican Republic.

There were 654,445 households out of which 29.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.1% were married couples living together, 12.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.1% were non-families. 29.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 3.07.

In the county the population was spread out with 23.6% under the age of 18, 7.2% from 18 to 24, 31.4% from 25 to 44, 21.7% from 45 to 64, and 16.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 93.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.8 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $41,691, and the median income for a family was $50,531. Males had a median income of $36,741 versus $28,529 for females. The per capita income for the county was $23,170. About 8.7% of families and 11.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.3% of those under age 18 and 10.0% of those age 65 or over.

As of 2005, Broward County led the nation's metropolitan areas in new AIDS diagnoses, with a reported rate 58.4 new AIDS diagnoses per 100,000 people. County officials think the numbers may stem from a new and successful HIV testing campaign that has resulted in many people being diagnosed with full-blown AIDS at the same time they've been diagnosed with HIV.[3] Ironically, without the implementation of the new testing campaign, the reported numbers of new diagnoses would have probably been lower.

LanguagesEdit

As of 2000, 71.27% of all residents spoke English as their first language, while 16.33% spoke Spanish, 3.51% French Creole, 1.77% French, and 1.13% of the population spoke Portuguese as their mother language. In total, 28.72% of the population spoke languages other than English at home. [3]

With the huge influx of immigrants since 2000, these figures have become outdated. However since so many of these immigrants are coming from Caribbean Islands where English is spoken, the change is not as fast as the rate of immigration would suggest.

2005 Census Report Edit

U.S. Census Bureau 2005 Ethnic/Race Demographics:<u>[4]

According to a report released by the U.S. Census Bureau on August 4, 2006, the total population of Broward County had risen to 1.8 million people in 2005, and has increased by 10.1% between April 1, 2000-July 1, 2006. This number is accounted for by an increase to 442,355 (24.9%) in its black population and an increase to 364,121 (21.9%) of its non-black Hispanic population. A significant portion of the black population has resulted from immigration, of whom are mainly Afro-Caribbeans/West Indians. Some Afro-Latinos and Afro-Brazilians might also classify themselves as only black. More black foreigners immigrated to Broward County between 2001 and 2005 than any other county in the United States. At the same time, Hispanics have continued to move into the county from neighboring Miami-Dade County and from Latin America, in particular, Venezuela and Colombia. Also, 2.9% of Broward County's population is Asian, though not high, it's a larger percentage than most of Florida's counties.

The population change is significant in at least one respect: The percentage of population identified as non-Hispanic white has now dropped to less than half, at 49.9%. As such, Broward County is now "minority-majority". [6]

Educational institutionsEdit

Broward County currently has the fifth largest school district in the country and the second largest in the state after Miami-Dade.

Broward County Library is one of the largest public library systems in the country, composed of 37 branch locations.

GovernmentEdit

The Broward County Charter provides for a separation between the legislative and administrative functions of government. The Board of County Commissioners is the legislative branch of Broward County Government.

The County Commission is composed of nine members elected by district. Each Commissioner must be a resident of the district for which he or she seeks election. Each year the Commission elects a Mayor and Vice Mayor. The Mayor's functions include serving as presiding officer, and as the County's official representative. The Commission appoints the County Administrator, County Attorney and County Auditor. The Commission also appoints numerous advisory and regulatory boards.

The County Commission meets in formal session the first four Tuesdays of each month at 10:00 a.m. in Room 422 of the Broward County Governmental Center. Over 507,000 cable subscribers in Broward County have access to television coverage of Commission meetings, which are broadcast live beginning at 10:00 a.m. each Tuesday, and rebroadcast at 5:00 p.m. the following Sunday. Meetings can also be viewed via webcasting at www.broward.org.

Cities, towns, villages, and unincorporated areas Edit

IncorporatedEdit

Map of Broward County Florida

  1. City of Parkland
  2. City of Coconut Creek
  3. City of Deerfield Beach
  4. City of Coral Springs
  5. City of Margate
  6. City of Pompano Beach
  7. City of Lighthouse Point
  8. Town of Hillsboro Beach
  9. City of Tamarac
  10. City of North Lauderdale
  11. Town of Lauderdale-by-the-Sea
  12. Village of Sea Ranch Lakes
  13. City of Oakland Park
  14. City of Wilton Manors
  15. Village of Lazy Lake
  1. City of Fort Lauderdale
  2. City of Lauderdale Lakes
  3. City of Lauderhill
  4. City of Sunrise
  5. City of Plantation
  6. City of Weston
  7. Town of Davie
  8. City of Dania Beach
  9. City of Hollywood
  10. Town of Southwest Ranches
  11. City of Cooper City
  12. City of Pembroke Pines
  13. City of Miramar
  14. City of West Park
  15. Town of Pembroke Park
  16. City of Hallandale Beach

Neighborhoods in incorporated areas (and recently annexed census-designated places) Edit

Unincorporated areas and census-designated placesEdit

Politics Edit

Over the past fifty years, Broward County has gone from solidly Republican to solidly Democratic. In 1972, Broward County residents voted overwhelmingly for Richard Nixon over George McGovern. In the past two presidential elections, however, the voters of Broward County backed the Democratic nominee over George W. Bush by strong majorities. Broward County is now one of the most reliably Democratic counties in the state. [7] This change in voting tendencies is most likely due to the continuous flow from large migrations of snowbirds and transplanted people from the liberal Northeast and other blue states, as well as Canada, Europe, Israel, and other areas. Also, the fast growing number of minorities such as Black people (African Americans and West Indians,) the GLBT community, and Hispanics in the area are a contributing factor.

Presidential elections results
Year Republican Democratic Other
2004 34.6% 64.2% 0.4%
2000 30.9% 67.4% 1.6%
1996 28.3% 63.5% 8.2%
1992 30.9% 51.8% 17.3%
1988 50.5% 45.5% 0.5%
1984 56.7% 43.3% 0.0%
1980 55.9% 35.6% 8.5%
1976 47.1% 51.6% 1.3%
1972 72.4% 27.3% 0.3%
1968 54.5% 29.1% 16.4%
1964 55.5% 44.5% 0.0%
1960 58.8% 41.2% 0.0%

Transportation Edit

Street gridEdit

A street grid stretches throughout Broward County. Most of this grid is loosely based on three primary eastern municipalities, (from South to North) Hollywood, Fort Lauderdale, and Pompano Beach. Deerfield Beach -- another primary eastern municipality -- has its own street grid, as do two smaller municipalities -- Dania and Hallandale.

Major Freeways and TollwaysEdit

References Edit

  1. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Counties/Pages/FindACounty.aspx. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  2. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ "Modern Language Association Data Center Results, Broward County, Florida". Modern Language Association. http://www.mla.org/map_data_results&state_id=12&county_id=11&mode=geographic&zip=&place_id=&cty_id=&ll=&a=&ea=&order=r. Retrieved 2007-06-22. 
  4. ^ 2005 Broward County Demographics
  5. ^ 2005 Demographics of Some Other Race
  6. ^ "Minorities become a majority in Broward", Sun-Sentinel, August 4 2006. Article no longer available at Sun Sentinal.com, link is to archive at soflo.org
  7. ^ State:Broward Power. St. Petersburg Times Last accessed November 14, 2006.

External linksEdit

Government links/Constitutional officesEdit

Special DistrictsEdit

Judicial branchEdit

Tourism linksEdit


Maps and aerial photos

Flag of Florida
South Florida metropolitan area
Counties Miami-Dade County | Broward County | Palm Beach County
200,000–500,000 Miami | Hialeah
100,000–200,000 Fort Lauderdale | Pembroke Pines | Hollywood | Coral Springs | West Palm Beach | Miramar | Miami Gardens | Pompano Beach
50,000–100,000 Sunrise | Miami Beach | Boca Raton | Plantation | Davie | Kendall | Deerfield Beach | Boynton Beach | Delray Beach | Weston | Fountainbleau | Lauderhill | Tamarac | North Miami | Kendale Lakes | Wellington | Margate | Tamiami | Jupiter
10,000–50,000 Aventura | Belle Glade | Boca Del Mar | Brownsville | Coconut Creek | Cooper City | Coral Gables | Coral Terrace | Country Club | Country Walk | Dania Beach | Doral | Gladeview | Glenvar Heights | Greenacres | Hallandale Beach | Hamptons at Boca Raton | Homestead | Ives Estates | Kendall West | Key Biscayne | Kings Point | Lake Worth | Lake Worth Corridor | Lauderdale Lakes | Leisure City | Lighthouse Point | Miami Lakes | Miami Springs | North Lauderdale | North Palm Beach | Oakland Park |Olympia Heights | Opa-Locka | Ojus | Palm Beach Gardens | Palmetto Bay | Palm Springs |Palmetto Estates | Parkland | Pinecrest | Pinewood | Princeton | Richmond West | Riviera Beach | Royal Palm Beach | Sandalfoot Cove | South Miami | South Miami Heights | Sunny Isles Beach | Sunset | Sweetwater | The Crossings | The Hammocks | University Park | Vero Beach | West Little River | Westchester | West Park, Florida | Westwood Lakes | Wilton Manors
Sports Florida Marlins (baseball) | Miami Heat (basketball) | Miami Dolphins (football) | Florida Panthers (ice hockey)
Airports Miami International Airport (Miami-Dade) | Kendall-Tamiami Executive Airport (Miami-Dade) | Opa-locka Airport (Miami-Dade) | Homestead General Aviation Airport (Miami-Dade) |

Fort Lauderdale-Hollywood International Airport (Broward) | Palm Beach International Airport (Palm Beach) | Boca Raton Airport (Palm Beach) | Palm Beach County Park Airport (Palm Beach)

Notes † - County Seat
A list of cities under 10,000 is available here.


This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Broward County, Florida. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.

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