Fandom

Familypedia

Butler County, Kansas

215,765pages on
this wiki
Add New Page
Talk0 Share

Ad blocker interference detected!


Wikia is a free-to-use site that makes money from advertising. We have a modified experience for viewers using ad blockers

Wikia is not accessible if you’ve made further modifications. Remove the custom ad blocker rule(s) and the page will load as expected.

This article is based on the corresponding article in another wiki. For Familypedia purposes, it requires significantly more historical detail on phases of this location's development. The ideal article for a place will give the reader a feel for what it was like to live at that location at the time their relatives were alive there. Also desirable are links to organizations that may be repositories of genealogical information..
Please help to improve this page yourself if you can.


Coordinates: 37°47′N 96°50′W / 37.783, -96.833

Butler County, Kansas
El Dorado Courthouse, Butler County, Kansas
Butler County Courthouse built 1909
Map of Kansas highlighting Butler County
Location in the state of Kansas
Map of USA KS
Kansas's location in the U.S.
Founded August 25, 1855
Named for Andrew Pickens Butler
Seat El Dorado
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

1,446.42 sq mi (3,746 km²)
1,427.85 sq mi (3,698 km²)
18.57 sq mi (48 km²), 1.28%
PopulationEst.
 - (2011)
 - Density

65,817
46.0/sq mi (17.8/km²)
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.bucoks.com

Butler County (county code BU) is a county located in South Central Kansas, in the Central United States. Its county seat and most populous city is El Dorado.[1] As of the 2010 census, the county population was 65,880.[2] The county is a part of the Wichita Metropolitan Statistical Area.

HistoryEdit

19th centuryEdit

It was named in honor of a U.S. Senator from South Carolina, Andrew Butler (1796–1857), who was one of the authors of the Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854 and a strong advocate of Kansas becoming a slave state.

In 1877, the Florence, El Dorado, and Walnut Valley Railroad Company built a branch line from Florence to El Dorado, in 1881 it was extended to Douglass, and later to Arkansas City.[3] The line was leased and operated by the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway. The line from Florence to El Dorado was abandoned in 1942.[4] The original branch line connected Florence, Burns, De Graff, El Dorado, Augusta, Douglass, Rock, Akron, Winfield, Arkansas City.

In 1887, the Chicago, Kansas and Nebraska Railway built a branch line north-south from Herington to Caldwell.[5] This branch line connected Herington, Lost Springs, Lincolnville, Antelope, Marion, Aulne, Peabody, Elbing, Whitewater, Furley, Kechi, Wichita, Peck, Corbin, Wellington, Caldwell. By 1893, this branch line was incrementally built to Fort Worth, Texas. This line is called the "OKT". The Chicago, Kansas and Nebraska Railway was foreclosed in 1891 and was taken over by Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific Railway, which shut down in 1980 and reorganized as Oklahoma, Kansas and Texas Railroad, merged in 1988 with Missouri Pacific Railroad, and finally merged in 1997 with Union Pacific Railroad. Most locals still refer to this railroad as the "Rock Island".

21st centuryEdit

In 2010, the Keystone-Cushing Pipeline (Phase II) was constructed north to south through Butler County (near Potwin, Towanda, Augusta, Douglass), with much controversy over tax exemption and environmental concerns (if a leak ever occurs).[6][7] A pumping station named Burns was built 2 miles north of Potwin, and new power lines were built from a high-voltage line 0.3 mile east of De Graff.[8]

Law and governmentEdit

Butler County was a prohibition, or "dry", county until the Kansas Constitution was amended in 1986 and voters approved the sale of alcoholic liquor by the individual drink with a 30% food sales requirement.[9]

Presidential electionsEdit

Like of most of Kansas's counties, Butler county is solidly Republican. In 2008, John McCain carried the county by a nearly two-to-one margin over Barack Obama. Since at least 1992, no Democratic candidate has received more than 40% of the county's vote.[10] The last Democratic candidate to carry the county was Jimmy Carter in 1976.[11]

GeographyEdit

According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 1,446.42 square miles (3,746.2 km2), the largest county in Kansas, of which 1,427.85 square miles (3,698.1 km2) (or 98.72%) is land and 18.57 square miles (48.1 km2) (or 1.28%) is water.[12]

Adjacent counties Edit

Major highwaysEdit

Sources: National Atlas,[13] U.S. Census Bureau[14]

DemographicsEdit

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1860 437
1870 3,035 594.5%
1880 18,586 512.4%
1890 24,055 29.4%
1900 23,363 −2.9%
1910 23,059 −1.3%
1920 43,842 90.1%
1930 35,904 −18.1%
1940 32,013 −10.8%
1950 31,001 −3.2%
1960 38,395 23.9%
1970 38,658 0.7%
1980 44,782 15.8%
1990 50,580 12.9%
2000 59,482 17.6%
2010 65,880 10.8%
U.S. Decennial Census
USA Butler County, Kansas age pyramid

Population pyramid

Map of Butler Co, Ks, USA

2005 KDOT Map of Butler County (map legend)

Butler County's population was estimated to be 63,147 in the year 2006, an increase of 3,450, or +5.8%, over the previous six years;[15] it has the seventh fastest growing and eighth largest population in the state.

As of the U.S. Census in 2000,[16] there were 59,482 people, 21,527 households, and 16,059 families residing in the county. The population density was 42 people per square mile (16/km²). There were 23,176 housing units at an average density of 16 per square mile (6/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 94.94% White, 1.38% Black or African American, 0.91% Native American, 0.40% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.66% from other races, and 1.69% two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.25% of the population.

There were 21,527 households out of which 37.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.60% were married couples living together, 8.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.40% were non-families. 21.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.67 and the average family size was 3.13.

In the county the population was spread out with 28.60% under the age of 18, 8.30% from 18 to 24, 28.80% from 25 to 44, 21.70% from 45 to 64, and 12.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 100.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $45,474, and the median income for a family was $53,632. Males had a median income of $38,675 versus $26,109 for females. The per capita income for the county was $20,150. About 5.40% of families and 7.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.00% of those under age 18 and 6.40% of those age 65 or over.

Cities and towns Edit

Incorporated citiesEdit

Name and population (2005 estimate):[17]

Unincorporated placesEdit

Ghost towns and defunct settlementsEdit

Butler County contained a number of oil boom towns that have since been abandoned. Many were company owned towns.

  • Aikman
  • Alki
  • Amador
  • Browntown
  • Durachen
  • Frazier
  • Magna City
  • Midian
  • Oil Hill
  • Oil Valley
  • Ophir
  • Ramsey
  • Wingate

TownshipsEdit

Butler County is divided into twenty-nine townships. The cities of Augusta and El Dorado are considered governmentally independent and are excluded from the census figures for the townships. In the following table, the population center is the largest city (or cities) included in that township's population total, if it is of a significant size.

Township FIPS Population
center
Population Population
density
/km² (/sq mi)
Land area
km² (sq mi)
Water area
km² (sq mi)
Water % Geographic coordinates
Augusta 03325 1,405 17 (43) 84 (32) 1 (0) 0.68% 37°41′32″N 96°59′15″W / 37.69222, -96.9875
Benton 06200 Benton 2,211 24 (61) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0 % 37°47′0″N 97°6′11″W / 37.783333, -97.10306
Bloomington 07500 544 6 (15) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0 % 37°35′57″N 96°54′1″W / 37.59917, -96.90028
Bruno 08825 Andover 9,744 107 (278) 91 (35) 0 (0) 0.10% 37°41′37″N 97°6′48″W / 37.69361, -97.11333
Chelsea 12750 190 1 (2) 261 (101) 17 (7) 6.15% 37°55′27″N 96°44′34″W / 37.92417, -96.74278
Clay 13575 83 1 (2) 94 (36) 0 (0) 0.22% 37°31′21″N 96°45′39″W / 37.5225, -96.76083
Clifford 14175 259 2 (6) 108 (42) 0 (0) 0.18% 38°2′7″N 96°58′41″W / 38.03528, -96.97806
Douglass 18425 Douglass 2,306 25 (64) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.32% 37°31′1″N 97°0′33″W / 37.51694, -97.00917
El Dorado 20100 1,700 12 (32) 140 (54) 2 (1) 1.46% 37°48′38″N 96°52′23″W / 37.81056, -96.87306
Fairmount 22275 Elbing 511 5 (14) 94 (36) 0 (0) 0.14% 38°2′34″N 97°5′53″W / 38.04278, -97.09806
Fairview 22450 491 5 (14) 92 (36) 0 (0) 0.14% 37°52′15″N 96°59′46″W / 37.87083, -96.99611
Glencoe 26400 239 1 (4) 161 (62) 1 (0) 0.60% 37°41′29″N 96°36′57″W / 37.69139, -96.61583
Hickory 31750 90 1 (1) 162 (62) 1 (0) 0.67% 37°37′5″N 96°37′45″W / 37.61806, -96.62917
Lincoln 40500 317 1 (3) 257 (99) 2 (1) 0.64% 37°57′6″N 96°53′1″W / 37.95167, -96.88361
Little Walnut 41625 Leon 1,002 11 (28) 94 (36) 0 (0) 0.44% 37°41′34″N 96°46′37″W / 37.69278, -96.77694
Logan 41775 154 2 (4) 94 (36) 0 (0) 0.16% 37°37′15″N 96°45′13″W / 37.62083, -96.75361
Milton 46875 Whitewater 1,136 12 (31) 94 (36) 0 (0) 0.15% 37°57′21″N 97°7′14″W / 37.95583, -97.12056
Murdock 49225 378 4 (10) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0 % 37°51′42″N 97°6′23″W / 37.86167, -97.10639
Pleasant 56200 Rose Hill (part) 4,649 50 (129) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.11% 37°35′49″N 97°6′54″W / 37.59694, -97.115
Plum Grove 56850 Potwin 661 7 (19) 92 (36) 1 (0) 0.58% 37°56′46″N 97°0′51″W / 37.94611, -97.01417
Prospect 57775 2,033 10 (26) 203 (78) 16 (6) 7.20% 37°49′25″N 96°45′35″W / 37.82361, -96.75972
Richland 59250 Rose Hill (part) 2,399 26 (66) 94 (36) 0 (0) 0.02% 37°31′37″N 97°6′29″W / 37.52694, -97.10806
Rock Creek 60475 299 3 (8) 94 (36) 0 (0) 0 % 37°31′19″N 96°53′3″W / 37.52194, -96.88417
Rosalia 61125 589 4 (9) 162 (63) 1 (0) 0.58% 37°46′47″N 96°37′22″W / 37.77972, -96.62278
Spring 67275 1,566 17 (43) 94 (36) 0 (0) 0.13% 37°41′36″N 96°52′52″W / 37.69333, -96.88111
Sycamore 69700 Cassoday 333 1 (3) 295 (114) 2 (1) 0.76% 38°1′15″N 96°40′19″W / 38.02083, -96.67194
Towanda 71150 Towanda 2,727 29 (76) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.14% 37°47′32″N 96°59′43″W / 37.79222, -96.99528
Union 72050 Latham 226 1 (4) 161 (62) 1 (0) 0.72% 37°32′2″N 96°38′41″W / 37.53389, -96.64472
Walnut 74900 760 8 (21) 92 (36) 1 (0) 0.77% 37°36′4″N 96°59′31″W / 37.60111, -96.99194
Sources: "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files". U.S. Census Bureau, Geography Division. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/places2k.html. 

Education Edit

Unified school districts Edit

District Office In Neighboring County

Private schoolsEdit

CollegeEdit

See alsoEdit

Information on this and other counties in Kansas

Other information for Kansas


ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Counties/Pages/FindACounty.aspx. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  2. ^ "2010 County Population and Housing Occupancy Status". U.S. Census Bureau. http://factfinder2.census.gov/faces/tableservices/jsf/pages/productview.xhtml?pid=DEC_10_PL_GCTPL2.ST05&prodType=table. Retrieved March 31, 2011. 
  3. ^ Marion County Kansas : Past and Present; Sondra Van Meter; MB Publishing House; LCCN 72-92041; 344 pages; 1972.
  4. ^ Railway Abandonment 1942
  5. ^ Rock Island Rail History
  6. ^ Keystone Pipeline - Marion County Commission calls out Legislative Leadership on Pipeline Deal; April 18, 2010.
  7. ^ Keystone Pipeline - TransCanada inspecting pipeline; December 10, 2010.
  8. ^ Keystone Pipeline - Burns Pumping Station - New Powerline Map; Trow Engineering Consultants and TransCanda; 2010.
  9. ^ "Map of Wet and Dry Counties". Alcoholic Beverage Control, Kansas Department of Revenue. November 2006. http://www.ksrevenue.org/abcwetdrymap.htm. Retrieved 2007-12-26. 
  10. ^ The New York Times Electoral Map (Zoom in on Kansas)
  11. ^ David Leip's Presidential Election Atlas - 1976 statistics
  12. ^ "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. http://www.census.gov/tiger/tms/gazetteer/county2k.txt. Retrieved 2011-02-13. 
  13. ^ National Atlas
  14. ^ U.S. Census Bureau TIGER shape files
  15. ^ "Population Estimates". U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division. http://www.census.gov/popest/estimates.php.  Annual estimates of the population to 2006-07-01. Released 2007-03-22. Six year change is from 2000-07-01 to 2006-07-01.
  16. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  17. ^ "Population Estimates". U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division. http://www.census.gov/popest/estimates.php.  Annual estimates of the population to 2005-07-01. Released 2006-06-21.

Further readingEdit

County
Kansas

External linksEdit

Commons-logo
Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
County
Historical
Maps



This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Butler County, Kansas. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.

Also on Fandom

Random Wiki