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Emperor of the Eastern Roman Empire
Former Monarchy
Imperial
Palaiologos-Dynasty-Eagle
Emblem of the Palaiologos Dynasty
120px
Constantine XI
First monarch Constantine I
Last monarch Constantine XI
Official residence Constantinople
Monarchy started AD 330
Monarchy ended AD 1453
Current pretender None

This is a list of the emperors of the Eastern Roman Empire, commonly known as the Byzantine Empire by modern historians. This list does not include numerous co-emperors who never attained sole or senior status as rulers.

This list begins with Constantine I the Great, the first Christian emperor reigning from Constantinople. Diocletian before him had ruled from Nicomedia and replaced the republican trappings of the office with a straightforward autocracy, marking the transition from the Principate to the more authoritarian Dominate. All Byzantine Emperors regarded themselves as Roman Emperors,[1], the term "Byzantine" being coined firstly by Western historiography much later, in the 16th century.

Although the Catholic West recognized the Eastern Empire's claim to the Roman legacy for several centuries, on 25 December 800, Pope Leo III crowned King of Franks Charlemagne as the Roman Emperor (which eventually led to the formation of the Holy Roman Empire) due to uneasy relations with the Orthodox East, an act which was much resented by the Byzantines. This happened after the coronation of Empress Irene, who, as a woman, was not recognised by the Pope of Rome to have a right to the throne.

The title of all Emperors listed preceding Heraclius was officially Augustus, although various other titles such as Dominus were used as well. For official purposes, their names were preceded by Imperator Caesar and followed by Augustus. Following Heraclius, the title commonly became the Greek Basileus (Gr. Βασιλεύς), which had formerly meant generally "king", "sovereign" but now was used in place of 'Imperator. Following the establishment of a rival Empire in Western Europe (the Holy Roman Empire), the title Autokrator (Gr. Αυτοκράτωρ) was also increasingly used. Foreign kings were now titled by the neologism Regas (Gr. Ρήγας, from the Lat. Rex) or by another generic term Archon (Gr. Άρχων, "ruler"). In the later centuries of the Empire, the emperor could be often referred to by Western Christians as the "Emperor of the Greeks," though they still considered themselves "Roman" Emperors. Towards the end of the Empire, they referred to themselves as "[Emperor's name] in Christ, true Emperor and Autocrat of the Romans."

For previous Emperors, see List of Roman emperors

Constantinian dynasty (306–363)Edit

Picture Name Status Birth Emperor from Emperor until Death
Constantine Musei CapitoliniConstantine "the Great"
Greek: Κωνσταντίνος Α' Μέγας (Gaius Flavius Valerius Aurelius Constantinus)
son of the Augustus Constantius Chlorus27 February c.28025 July 306
Proclaimed "Augustus" upon the death of Constantius Chlorus
22 May 337
80px Constantius II
Κωνσταντίνος Β' (Flavius Iulius Constantius)
second son of Constantine I7 August 31722 May 337
Inherited Eastern third of Roman Empire upon his father's death
5 October 361
died of illness on campaign
JulianusII-antioch(360-363)-CNGJulian "the Apostate"
Ιουλιανός (Flavius Claudius Iulianus)
grandson of Constantius Chlorus, cousin of Constantius IIMay 3325 October 361
Proclaimed by his army in Gaul, became legitimate Emperor upon the death of Constantius
28 June 363
killed on campaign against Persians

Non-dynastic (363–364)Edit

Picture Name Status Birth Emperor from Emperor until Death
Jovian1Jovian
Ιοβιανός ( Flavius Claudius Iovianus )
Guards' Captain amongst Julian's Eastern forcesc.33228 June 363
Elected by the army upon Julian's death
17 February 364
Died on journey back to Constantinople

Valentinian-Theodosian dynasty (364–457)Edit

Picture Name Status Birth Emperor from Emperor until Death
ValentinianIValentinian I
Βαλεντιανός( Flavius Valentinianus )
Officer under Julian and Jovian32126 February 364
Elected by the army upon Jovian's death
17 November 375
Died of cerebral haemorrhage
Valens1Valens
Βάλης ( Flavius Iulius Valens )
Minor soldier of the Roman army, brother of Valentinian I 32828 March 364
Appointed by his brother
9 August 378
Killed at the Battle of Adrianople
80pxGratian
Γρατιανός ( Flavius Gratianus )
Son of Valentinian I, nephew of Valens 18 April/23 May 3599 August 378
Inherited rule of the East upon the death of Valens
19 January 379
Appointed Theodosius I as Emperor of the East
25 August 383
Assassinated during the rebellion of Magnus Maximus
Theod1Theodosius I
"the Great"
Θεοδόσιος Α' ο Μέγας ( Flavius Theodosius )
Aristocrat and military leader, brother-in-law of Gratian 11 January 34719 January 379
Appointed by Gratian
17 January 395
old age
ArcadiusArcadius
Αρκάδιος ( Flavius Arcadius )
Son of Theodosius I 377/37817 January 395
Upon the death of Theodosius I
1 May 408
Theodosius iiTheodosius II Θεοδόσιος Β'
( Flavius Theodosius )
Son of Arcadius 10 April 4011 May 408
Upon the death of Arcadius
28 July 450
Riding accident
PulcheriaPulcheria
Πουλχερία ( Aelia Pulcheria )
Daughter of Arcadius, sister of Theodosius II 19 January 39928 July 450
Upon the death of Theodosius II
July 453
80pxMarcian
Μαρκιανός ( Flavius Valerius Marcianus )
Soldier, politician, husband of Pulcheria 396450
Upon his marriage to Pulcheria
January 457
Gangrene contracted on a journey

Leonid dynasty (457–518)Edit

Picture Name Status Birth Emperor from Emperor until Death
Leo I Louvre Ma1012Leo I "the Thracian"
Λέων Α' (Flavius Valerius Leo )
Soldier 4017 February 457
Chosen by Aspar, commander-in-chief of the army
18 January 474
Died of dysentery
Leo (474)-coinLeo II
Λέων Β' ( Flavius Leo )
Grandson of Leo I 46718 January 474
Succeeded his grandfather Leo I
17 November 474
Died of an unknown disease, possibly poisoned
80pxZeno
Ζήνων ( Flavius Zeno )
(Born Tarasicodissa)
Roman general of Isaurian origins; son-in-law of Leo I, father of Leo II c.425Co-emperor: 9 February 474
Appointed by his son Leo II
Sole Emperor: 17 November 474
Succeeded upon the death of Leo II
9 January 475
Deposed by Basiliscus, brother-in-law of Leo I
9 April 491
80pxBasiliscus
Βασιλίσκος ( Flavius Basiliscus )
Army General; brother-in-law of Leo I 9 January 475
Seized power from Zeno
August 476
Deposed by Zeno
476/477
80pxZeno, restored
Ζήνων ( Flavius Zeno )
(Born Tarasicodissa)
Roman general of Isaurian origins; son-in-law of Leo I, father of Leo II c.425restored August 476
Having deposed Basiliscus
9 April 491
80pxAnastasius I
Αναστάσιος Α'( Flavius Anastasius )
Palace official ("Silentiarius"); son-in-law of Leo I c.43011 April 491
Chosen by Ariadne, widow of Zeno
9 July 518

Justinian dynasty (518–602)Edit

Picture Name Status Birth Emperor from Emperor until Death
80pxJustin I
Ιουστίνος Α' (Flavius Iustinus )
General, commander of the City Guards under Anastasius I c.450July 518
Elected by army and people upon the death of Anastasius I
1 August 527
Meister von San Vitale in RavennaJustinian I the Great
Ιουστινιανός Α' (Flavius Petrus Sabbatius Iustinianus)
Nephew and heir of Justin I 482/4831 August 527
Inherited the throne on the death of Justin I
13/14 November 565
80pxJustin II
Ιουστίνος Β' (Flavius Iustinus Iunior)
Nephew and heir of Justinian I c.52014 November 565
Inherited the throne on the death of Justinian I
5 October 578
80pxTiberius II Constantine
Τιβέριος Β' (Flavius Tiberius Constantinus)
"Comes" of the Excubitors, friend and adoptive son of Justin II c.5205 October 578
Became full Emperor on the death of Justin II
14 August 582
possibly poisoned by Maurice
80pxMaurice Μαυρίκιος
(Flavius Mauricius Tiberius)
Commander-in-chief of Cappadocian origins; son-in-law of Tiberius II 53914 August 582
Succeeded upon the death of his father-in-law Tiberius II
November 602
Forced to abdicate by Phocas
27 November 602
Executed by Phocas

Non-dynastic (602–610)Edit

Picture Name Status Birth Emperor from Emperor until Death
80pxPhocas
Φωκάς (Flavius Phocas )
sub-altern in the Balkan army, leader of rebellion; deposed Maurice ?November 602
Seized power in a rebellion against Maurice
610
Executed by Heraclius

Heraclian dynasty (610–711)Edit

Picture Name Status Birth Emperor from Emperor until Death
Heraclius and Heraclius Constantine solidusHerakleios
(Ηράκλειος, Hērakleios) Heraclius (Flavius Heraclius)
son of Exarch of Africa Heraclius the Elder, who were of Armenian Origin. ; Deposed Phocasc.5755 October 610
Seized power in a rebellion against Phocas
11 February 641
80pxConstantine III
(Ηράκλειος (νέος) Κωνσταντίνος, Herakleios Néos Kōnstantinos) Constantine III ( Heraclius Novus Constantinus )
eldest son of Herakleios 3 May 61211 February 641
Succeeded to throne with Heraklonas following death of Herakleios
24/26 May 641
Tuberculosis, allegedly poisoned by Martina
80pxHeraklonas
(Κωνσταντίνος Ηράκλειος, Kōnstantinos Herakleios) Heraclianus (Constantinus Heraclius)
younger son of Herakleios 62611 February 641
Succeeded to throne with Constantine III following death of Herakleios
September 641
Deposed by Senate
c.641
Presumed to have died in exile
Hexagram-Constans II and Constantine IV-sb0995Constans II
(Κώνστας Β', Kōnstas II);
born Herakleios Constantine
(Ηράκλειος Κωνσταντίνος, Herakleios Kōnstantinos );
called "Constantine the Bearded" (Κωνσταντίνος Πωγωνάτος, Kōnstantinos Pogonatos) Constans II
(Constantus II);
born Heraclius Constantine
( Heraclius Constantinus );
called "Constantine the Bearded"
son of Constantine III 7 November 630641
Made co-Emperor by Hereklonas, sole emperor in that same year
15 September 668
Assassinated, possibly on the orders of Mezezius
MezeziusMezeziusUsurper EmperorUnknown668669
Privil classeConstantine IV
(Κωνσταντίνος Δ', Kōnstantinos) Constantine
(Constantinos)
son of Constans II 65215 September 668
succeeded following murder of Constans II
September 685
Died of dysentery
Solidus-Justinian II-Christ b-sb1413 Justinian II Ιουστινιανός Β' son of Constantine IV 669Co-emperor in 681, sole emperor in 685. 695
Deposed by military revolt
December 711
Solidus-Leontinus-sb1330Leontios ΛεόντιοςUsurper EmperorUnknown695698
Deposed by military revolt
705
Solidus-Tiberius III-sb1360.4 Tiberios III ΤιβέριοςUsurper EmperorUnknown698705
Deposed by a Bulgarian-supported revolt
705
Solidus-Justinian II-Christ b-sb1413Justinian II Ιουστινιανός Β' son of Constantine IV 669705711
Deposed by military revolt
December 711

Non-dynastic (711–717)Edit

Picture Name Status Birth Emperor from Emperor until Death
Solidus-Philippicus-sb1447.3Philippikos Φιλιππικός A general of Armenian origins; deposed Justinian II UnknownDecember, 7113 June 713
Deposed by a military revolt
Later in the 8th century
Solidus-Anastasius II-sb1463Anastasios II Αναστάσιος Β' a bureaucraut, imperial secretary for Philippikos UnknownJune 713November 715
Deposed by a military revolt
718
Theodosius iii coinTheodosios III Θεοδόσιος Γ' a financial officer, tax collector in the Opsikian Theme UnknownMay 71525 March 717
Deposed by a military revolt
Later in the 8th century

Isaurian dynasty (717–802)Edit

Picture Name Status Birth Emperor from Emperor until Death
Solidus-Leo III and Constantine V-sb1504Leo III the Isaurian Λέων Γ' a general from Germanikeia, Commagene c. 68525 March 71718 June 74118 June 741
Constantine V Κωνσταντίνος Ε'Son of Leo IIIJuly, 718Co-ruler in 720, senior ruler in 74114 September 77514 September 775
ArtabasdosSon-in-law of Leo III, brother-in-law of Constantine VUnknownRival emperor from June 741/7422 November 743Later in the 8th century
Leo iv constantine vi coinLeo IV the Khazar Λέων Δ'Son of Constantine V25 January 750Co-ruler in 751, senior ruler in 7758 September 7808 September 780
Constantine VI Κωνσταντίνος ΣΤ'Son of Leo IV and Irene771Co-ruler in 776, sole emperor in 780August 797c. 797, though sources are contradictory on the subject
Solidus-Irene-sb1599Irene of Athens Ειρήνη ΑθηναίαWife of Leo IV, mother of Constantine VI c. 752August 79731 October 8029 August 803

Nikephoros' dynasty (802–813)Edit

Picture Name Status Birth Emperor from Emperor until Death
Solidus-Nicephorus I and Staraucius-sb1604Nikephoros I Νικηφόρος Α'logothetēs tou genikou (finance minister)Unknown31 October 80226 July 81126 July 811
Staurakios ΣταυράκιοςSon of Nikephoros IUnknownCo-ruler in 803, senior ruler in 8112 October 81111 January 812
Michael I (Byzantine Emperor)Michael I Rangabe Μιχαήλ Α'Son-in-law of Nikephoros I, brother-in-law of StaurakiosUnknown2 October 81111 July 81311 January 844

Non-dynastic (813–820)Edit

Picture Name Status Birth Emperor from Emperor until Death
Leo5Leo V the Armenian Λέων Ε'Strategos of the Anatolic themec. 77511 July 81325 December 82025 December 820

Phrygian dynasty (820–867)Edit

Picture Name Status Birth Emperor from Emperor until Death
Solidus-Michael II Theophilus-sb1640Michael II the Stammerer or the Amorian (Μιχαήλ Β' ο Τραυλός ή Ψελλός)Strategos, son-in-law of Constantine VI77025 December 820
2 October 829
Emperor Theophilos Chronicle of John SkylitzesTheophilus (Θεόφιλος)son of Michael II8132 October 829
20 January 842
Solidus-Michael III-sb1686Theodora (Θεοδώρα)wife of Theophilusc. 815842
855867
Michael iiiMichael III (Μιχαήλ Γ')son of Theophilos19 January 840842
23 September 867

Macedonian dynasty (867–1056)Edit

Picture Name Status Birth Emperor from Emperor until Death
Basil&leoBasil I the Macedonian (Βασίλειος Α' ο Μακεδών)Imperial officer of Armenian Origin born in the Theme of Macedoniac. 811867
2 August 886
Byzantinischer Mosaizist des 9. Jahrhunderts 002Leo VI the Wise (Λέων ΣΤ' ο Σοφός)likely either son of Basil I or Michael III19 September 866886
11 May 912
AlexanderempAlexander (III) (Αλέξανδρος Γ')son of Basil I; regent for nephew870912
913
PorphyrogenetusConstantine VII Porphyrogennetos (Κωνσταντίνος Ζ' ο Πορφυρογέννητος)son of Leo VI9 September 90515 May 908
9 November 959
Romanus1Romanos I Lekapenos (Ρωμανός Α' ο Λεκαπηνός)father-in-law of Constantine VIIc. 87017 December 920
16 December 94415 June 948
Romanos IIRomanos II Porphyrogennetos (Ρωμανός Β' ο Πορφυρογέννητος)son of Constantine VII15 March 938November 959
15 March 963
Nikiphoros PhokasNikephoros II Phokas (Νικηφόρος Β' ο Φωκάς) married Theophano, Romanos II's widow, regent for Basil IIc. 91216 August 963
969
John I Tzimiskes 8John I Tzimiskes (Ιωάννης Α' Κουρκούας ο Τσιμισκής) brother-in-law of Romanus IIc. 92511 December 969
10 January 976
Basilios IIBasil II the Bulgar-Slayer (Βασίλειος Β' ο Βουλγαροκτόνος)son of Romanos II95810 January 976
15 December 1025
Histamenon nomisma-Constantine VIII-sb1776Constantine VIII (Κωνσταντίνος Η' ο Πορφυρογέννητος)son of Romanos II96015 December 1025
15 November 1028
EmpZoeZoe (Ζωή η Πορφυρογέννητη)daughter of Constantine VIIIc. 97815 November 1028
June 1050
Miliaresion-Romanus III-sb1822Romanos III Argyros (Ρωμανός Γ' ο Αργυρός)Zoe's first husband96815 November 1028
11 April 1034
Michael IV -paphlagoMichael IV the Paphlagonian (Μιχαήλ Δ' ο Παφλαγών)Zoe's second husband101011 April 1034
10 December 1041
Histamenon nomisma-Micael V-sb1776Michael V the Caulker (Μιχαήλ Ε' ο Καλαφάτης)Michael IV's nephew101510 December 1041
20 April 104224 August 1042
Tetarteron-Theodora-sb1838Theodora (Θεοδώρα) daughter of Constantine VIII98420 April 1042
1042after 31 August 1056
Istanbul.Hagia Sophia072.MonomuhosConstantine IX Monomachos (Κωνσταντίνος Θ' ο Μονομάχος)Zoe's third husbandc. 100011 June 1042
11 January 1055
Tetarteron-Theodora-sb1838Theodora (Θεοδώρα)daughter of Constantine VIII 98411 January 1055
after 31 August 1056

Non-dynastic (1056–1057)Edit

Picture Name Status Birth Emperor from Emperor until Death
Michael VI Stratiotikos Μιχαήλ ΣΤ'Court bureaucrat, defence ministerUnknownSeptember, 105631 August 1057c. 1059

Komnenid dynasty (1057–1059)Edit

Picture Name Status Birth Emperor from Emperor until Death
Histamenon nomisma-Isaac I-sb1776Isaac I Komnenos Ισαάκιος Α' Κομνηνόςcommander of the field army in Anatoliac. 10055 June 1057 as rival emperor, sole emperor since 31 August 105722 November 1059c. 1061

Doukid dynasty (1059–1081)Edit

Picture Name Status Birth Emperor from Emperor until Death
Costantino X - histamenon - Sear 1847vConstantine X Doukas (Κωνσταντίνος Ι' ο Δούκας) 100624 November 1059
22 May 1067
NomismaMikaelVIIDoukasMichael VII Doukas (Μιχαήλ Ζ' Δούκας) son of Constantine X 105022 May 1067
24 March 10781090
Romanos et Eudoxie Romanos IV Diogenes (Ρωμανός Δ' Διογένης)married Eudokia Makrembolitissa, Constantine X's widow10321067
10711072
Meister der Predigtsammlung des Heiligen Johannes Chrysostomus 001Nikephoros III Botaneiates (Νικηφόρος Γ' Βοτανειάτης)Strategos claiming descent from the Fabii100131 March 1078
10 December 1081

Komnenid dynasty (1081–1185)Edit

Picture Name Status Birth Emperor from Emperor until Death
Alexius IAlexios I Komnenos (Αλέξιος Α' Κομνηνός) Nephew of Isaac I, military commander10484 April 1081
15 August 1118
JohnIIcomnenusJohn II Komnenos (Ιωάννης Β' Κομνηνός o Καλός)son of Alexios I13 September 108711188 April 1143
Manuel I ComnenusManuel I Komnenos (Μανουήλ Α' Κομνηνός ο Μέγας)son of John II28 November 1118114324 September 1180
Alexios II - komnenosAlexios II Komnenos (Αλέξιος B' Κομνηνός)son of Manuel I14 September 11691180October 1183
ByzantineBillonTrachyAndronikos I Komnenos (Ανδρόνικος Α' Κομνηνός)nephew of John IIc. 111811832 September 1185

Angelid dynasty (1185–1204)Edit

Picture Name Status Birth Emperor from Emperor until Death
IsaacIIAngeIsaac II Angelos (Ισαάκιος Β' Άγγελος) great-grandson of Alexios ISeptember 11561185
1195January 1205
Alexios III -Angelos Alexios III Angelos (Αλέξιος Γ' Άγγελος) brother of Isaac II11531195
12031211
IsaacIIAngeIsaac II Angelos (Ισαάκιος Β' Άγγελος) great-grandson of Alexios ISeptember 11561203
1204January 1205
Alexius4Alexios IV Angelos (Αλέξιος Δ' Άγγελος) son of Isaac II118212031204
Nikolaos Kanabos (Νικόλαος Καναβός) 25 January 12045 February 1204
Alexius VAlexios V Doukas (Αλέξιος Ε' Δούκας)son-in-law of Alexios III11405 February 120412 April 1204December 1205

Laskarid dynasty (Empire of Nicaea, 1204–1261)Edit

Picture Name Status Birth Emperor from Emperor until Death
Constantine Laskaris Κωνσταντίνος ΛάσκαρηςDefender of ConstantinopleUnknownClaimant emperor in 1204c. 1205c. 1205
Theodore I Laskaris miniatureTheodore I Laskaris Θεόδωρος Α΄ ΛάσκαρηςBrother of Constantine Laskaris, son-in-law of Alexios IIIc. 1174proclaimed 1205, crowned 120812211221
John III Doukas VatatzesJohn III Doukas VatatzesΙωάννης Γ' Δούκας Βατάτζηςson-in-law of Theodore Ic. 1192December, 12213 November 12543 November 1254
Theodore II Laskaris miniatureTheodore II Laskaris Θεόδωρος Β' Λάσκαρηςson of John III, grandson of Theodore I1221/1222proclaimed 4 November 1254 crowned 125518 August 125818 August 1258
John IV Laskaris miniatureJohn IV Laskaris Ιωάννης Δ' Λάσκαρηςson of Theodore II25 December 125018 August 125825 December 1261c. 1305

Palaiologan Dynasty (restored to Constantinople, 1261–1453)Edit

Picture Name Status Birth Emperor from Emperor until Death
MichaelVIIIPaleologusGoldHyperpyronMichael VIII Palaiologos Μιχαήλ Η' Παλαιολόγος Great-grandson of Alexios III, grandnephew of John III by marriage12231 January 1259 as co-emperor, senior emperor since 25 December 126111 December 128211 December 1282
Serres IM Prodromou AndronicosAndronikos II Palaiologos Ανδρόνικος Παλαιολόγος Son of Michael VIII 25 March 1259nominal co-emperor in September, 1261, crowned in 1272. Senior emperor on 11 December 128224 May 132813 February 1332
AndronikosIIandMichaelIXPalaeologusSilverBasilikonMichael IX Palaiologos Μιχαήλ Θ' Παλαιολόγος Son of Andronikos II17 April 1277co-emperor in 1281, crowned in 1294/1295.12 October 132012 October 1320
Андроник III ПалеологAndronikos III Palaiologos Ανδρόνικος Γ' Παλαιολόγος Son of Michael IX25 March 1297co-emperor in 1316, rival emperor since July, 1321. Senior emperor on 24 May 1328.15 June 134115 June 1341
John V PalaiologosJohn V Palaiologos Ιωάννης Ε' Παλαιολόγος Son of Andronikos III18 June 1332Emperor in 15 June 13418 February 134716 February 1391
John VI KantakouzenosJohn VI Kantakouzenos Ιωάννης ΣΤ' Καντακουζηνός A maternal relative of the Palaiologoic. 1292rival emperor on 26 October 1341, senior emperor on 8 February 1347.4 December 135415 June 1383
Matthew Kantakouzenos Ματθαίος Καντακουζηνός Son of John VI, brother-in-law of John Vc. 1325co-emperor on 15 April 1353, rival emperor since 4 December 1354.December, 1357between 1383 and 1391
John V PalaiologosJohn V Palaiologos Ιωάννης Ε' Παλαιολόγος Son of Andronikos III, son-in-law of John VI18 June 1332co-emperor in 1347, rival emperor in 1352. Senior Emperor on 4 December 135412 August 137616 February 1391
Andronikos IV PalaiologosAndronikos IV Palaiologos Ανδρόνικος Δ΄ Παλαιολόγος Son of John V, grandson of John VI2 April 1348co-emperor c. 1352, Senior Emperor on 12 August 13761 July 137928 June 1385
John V PalaiologosJohn V Palaiologos Ιωάννης Ε' Παλαιολόγος Son of Andronikos III, son-in-law of John VI 18 June 1332Senior Emperor on 1 July 137914 April 139016 February 1391
John VII Palaiologos Ιωάννης Ζ' Παλαιολόγος Son of Andronikos IV1370Co-emperor from 1376 to 1379, senior emperor on 14 April 1390.17 September 139022 September 1408
John V PalaiologosJohn V Palaiologos Ιωάννης Ε' Παλαιολόγος Son of Andronikos III, son-in-law of John VI18 June 1332Senior Emperor on 17 September 139016 February 139116 February 1391
Manuel II PaleologusManuel II Palaiologos Μανουήλ Β' Παλαιολόγος Son of John V, grandson of John VI, brother of Andronikos IV27 June 1350Co-emperor in 1373, Senior Emperor on 16 February 139121 July 142521 July 1425
Andronikos V Palaiologos Ανδρόνικος Ε' Παλαιολόγος Son of John VIIc. 1400co-emperor c. 1403c. 1407c. 1407
PalaioJohn VIII Palaiologos Ιωάννης Η' Son of Manuel II18 December 1392Co-emperor c. 1416, sole emperor on 21 July 142531 October 144831 October 1448
Constantine XI Palaiologos miniatureConstantine XI Palaiologos Κωνσταντίνος ΙΑ' Παλαιολόγος Son of Manuel II, brother of John VIII8 February 14056 January 144929 May 145329 May 1453

Palaiologan Dynasty (claimants in exile)Edit

Picture Name Status Birth Emperor from Emperor until Death
Demetrios Palaiologos Δημήτριος ΠαλαιολόγοςSon of Manuel II, brother of John VIII and Constantine XIc. 1407145314601470
Thomas PalaiologosThomas Palaiologos Θωμάς ΠαλαιολόγοςSon of Manuel II, brother of John VIII and Constantine XIc. 1409145312 May 146512 May 1465
Andreas Palaiologos Ανδρέας ΠαλαιολόγοςSon of Thomasc. 145312 May 146515021502

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Hooker, Richard. "The Byzantine Empire." Middle Ages. World Cultures. 4 June 2007 [1].
Template:Byzantine Empire topics


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