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Caledonia County, Vermont

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Caledonia County, Vermont
Map of Vermont highlighting Caledonia County
Location in the state of Vermont
Map of USA VT
Vermont's location in the U.S.
Founded 1796
Shire Town St. Johnsbury
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

658 sq mi (1,704 km²)

7 sq mi (18 km²), 1.06%
Population
 - (2000)
 - Density

29,702
47/sq mi (18/km²)

Caledonia County is a county located in the U.S. state of Vermont. As of 2000, the population was 29,702. Its shire town is St. Johnsbury6.

The county was given the Latin name for Scotland, in honor of the many settlers who claimed ancestry there.[1]

GeographyEdit

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,703 km² (658 sq mi). 1,685 km² (651 sq mi) of it is land and 18 km² (7 sq mi) of it (1.06%) is water.

Caledonia is the most populated county of the three in the Northeast Kingdom. However, it is the smallest of the three.

Adjacent Counties Edit

HistoryEdit

The county shares the same pre-Columbian history with the Northeast Kingdom.

Rogers' Rangers were forced to retreat through the county following their attack on Saint-Francis, Quebec in 1759. To confound their avenging pursuers, they had split up. One group came south over the summit into the Passumpsic River Valley.[2]

DemographicsEdit

As of the census² of 2000, there were 29,702 people, 11,663 households, and 7,895 families residing in the county. The population density was 18/km² (46/sq mi). There were 14,504 housing units at an average density of 9/km² (22/sq mi). The racial makeup of the county was 97.48% White, 0.29% Black or African American, 0.55% Native American, 0.37% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.23% from other races, and 1.07% from two or more races. 0.68% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 96.0% spoke English and 2.3% French as their first language.

There were 11,663 households out of which 32.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.60% were married couples living together, 10.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.30% were non-families. 25.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 2.95.

In the county, the population was spread out with 25.30% under the age of 18, 8.80% from 18 to 24, 26.30% from 25 to 44, 25.30% from 45 to 64, and 14.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 97.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.50 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $34,800, and the median income for a family was $42,215. Males had a median income of $30,438 versus $21,973 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,976. About 9.00% of families and 12.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.60% of those under age 18 and 10.00% of those age 65 or over.

TransportationEdit

Major RoutesEdit

Cities, towns, and villages* Edit

There are seventeen towns in the county:

*'Incorporated villages are census divisions and provide additional services. They remain part of the towns they are in.

Footnotes Edit

  1. ^ "AT&T user page". Caledonia County, Vermont Local History and Genealogy. http://home.att.net/~local_history/Caledonia-Co-VT.htm. Retrieved 2006-12-29. 
  2. ^ Darrell Hoyt (1985). Sketches of Orleans, Vermont. Mempremagog Press. ISBN 0-9610860-2-5. , page 1

See also Edit

External linkEdit

Coordinates: 44°28′N 72°06′W / 44.46, -72.10

This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Caledonia County, Vermont. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.

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