|Calvert County, Maryland|
Location in the state of Maryland
Maryland's location in the U.S.
345 sq mi (894 km²)
215 sq mi (557 km²)
130 sq mi (337 km²), 37.65%
347/sq mi (134/km²)
Calvert County is a small county located in the U.S. state of Maryland. It is a peninsula bordered on the east by the Chesapeake Bay and on the west by the Patuxent River. Calvert County is part of the Southern Maryland region.
The county is one of the several Maryland counties that make up the Washington Metropolitan Area. It is also a part of the Baltimore-Washington Metropolitan Area, but is considered a bedroom community of Washington.
First settled as Charles County (not the same as present-day Charles County) around 1650,, it was renamed. Patuxent County was established in 1654 by an Order in Council. In 1658 the county was renamed Calvert County. It is one of the older counties in Maryland, after St. Mary's, Kent and Anne Arundel. Once made up primarily of farms and tobacco fields, the county is slowly claiming its place as a fast-growing exurban neighbor of Washington. Home prices have nearly quadrupled in the past decade, with many four-bedroom homes in the northern half of the county averaging over $1,000,000. The popular weekend resort towns Solomons and Chesapeake Beach are notable.
Law and government Edit
Calvert County is governed by county commissioners, the traditional form of county government in Maryland.
As of 2007, the elected sheriff is Mike Evans (R), first elected in 2002 and reelected in 2006.
- Best selling author Tom Clancy
- Former CNN Anchor and PBS journalist Judy Woodruff
- Executive editor for Bloomberg News Al Hunt
- WJLA-TV weatherman Doug Hill
- Theoretical ecologist Dr. Robert Ulanowicz
- Former Maryland State Senator and Patuxent River advocate Bernie Fowler
- Judith Catchpole, an indentured servant who in 1656 was tried and acquitted of murdering her unborn child by one of the earliest all-female juries in the United States.
- Roger Brooke Taney, the U.S. Supreme Court Chief Justice who presided over the Dred Scott decision.
- Former Maryland comptroller Louis L. Goldstein
- Arthur Storer, first astronomer in the American colonies and the original namesake for Halley's Comet
- Thomas Johnson, the first elected governor of Maryland and U.S. Supreme Court justice
- Louisa Adams, wife of U.S. President John Quincy Adams
- Margaret Taylor, wife of U.S. President Zachary Taylor
- Former U.S. Senator and Maryland governor Joseph Kent
- Former U.S. House of Representatives member Augustus Rhodes Sollers
- Nineteenth century professional baseball player Cupid Childs
Adjacent Counties Edit
- Anne Arundel County (north)
- Prince George's County (northwest)
- Charles County (west)
- Dorchester County (east)
- Talbot County (east)
- St. Mary's County (south)
As of the census² of 2000, there were 74,563 people, 25,447 households, and 20,154 families residing in the county. The population density was 134/km² (346/sq mi). There were 27,576 housing units at an average density of 49/km² (128/sq mi). The racial makeup of the county was 83.93% White, 13.11% Black or African American, 0.30% Native American, 0.88% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.49% from other races, and 1.27% from two or more races. 1.52% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 15.5% were of Irish, 15.0% German, 12.0% English, 11.5% United States or American and 7.1% Italian ancestry according to Census 2000.
There were 25,447 households out of which 41.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.80% were married couples living together, 9.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 20.80% were non-families. 16.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.91 and the average family size was 3.26.
In the county the population was spread out with 29.60% under the age of 18, 6.40% from 18 to 24, 31.70% from 25 to 44, 23.40% from 45 to 64, and 8.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 97.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.00 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $65,945, and the median income for a family was $71,545. Males had a median income of $48,664 versus $32,265 for females. The per capita income for the county was $25,410. About 3.10% of families and 4.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.10% of those under age 18 and 5.70% of those age 65 or over.
Cities and towns Edit
Calvert County includes two municipalities, both classified as towns under Maryland law:
Unincorporated areas are also considered as towns by many people and listed in many collections of towns, but they lack local government. Various organizations, such as the United States Census Bureau, the United States Postal Service, and local chambers of commerce, define the communities they wish to recognize differently, and since they are not incorporated, their boundaries have no official status outside the organizations in question. The Census Bureau recognizes the following census-designated places in the county:
- Calvert Beach-Long Beach (a combination of the communities of Calvert Beach and Long Beach recognized as a unit by many people)
- Chesapeake Ranch Estates-Drum Point (a combination of the communities of Chesapeake Ranch Estates and Drum Point recognized as a unit by the Census Bureau)
- Prince Frederick
- St. Leonard
Dunkirk, Huntingtown, Lusby, Owings, Prince Frederick, St. Leonard and Solomons have all been designated by Calvert County government as being "town centers." The "town center" designation means while these communities may not have incorporated central governments, they do have specified boundaries surrounding the central business and residential areas for zoning purposes. The reason behind the "town center" designation is to cluster new development within established areas with existing infrastructure, thus discouraging urban sprawl. The implementation of the "town center" concept in Calvert County over the past two decades has for the most part been successful in preserving rural and agricultural areas outside the designated "town centers", and stands as a key example of the smart growth planning strategy.
Other unincorporated places not listed as Census-Designated Places but known in the area include:
Highways and RoadsEdit
The main artery serving Calvert County is Maryland Route 4 (which begins in Washington as Pennsylvania Avenue before crossing into Prince Georges County and Anne Arundel County). Route 4 in Calvert County begins at the very northern tip of the county at Lyons Creek, approximately 3 miles north of Dunkirk. At Sunderland, Route 4 meets Maryland Route 2 (traveling south as a two-lane road from Annapolis) and the two roads merge as Maryland Route 2-4. Route 2-4 continues south through Prince Frederick, St. Leonard and Lusby. At Solomons, Routes 2 and 4 split again, with Route 2 heading towards downtown Solomons and Route 4 crossing the Patuxent River at the Governor Thomas Johnson Bridge into St. Mary's County.
Route 2-4 is designated Solomons Island Road throughout much of the county, with the section south of Prince Frederick being recently renamed Louis Goldstein Highway in memory of Louis Goldstein, the former comptroller of Maryland and Calvert County resident.
In the 1970s and 1980s, Route 2-4 underwent an extensive expansion project, with the formerly two-lane road becoming a four-lane dual highway. Certain portions of the highway were re-aligned, with the former roadway becoming Maryland Route 765. The final portion of the dualized Route 2-4 between St. Leonard and Solomons was completed in 1988.
Other major roadways in Calvert County include:
- Maryland Route 231, which travels west from Prince Frederick to the Patuxent River, ultimately crossing the river at the Benedict Bridge into Charles County.
- Maryland Route 260, which starts at an overpass interchange at the Calvert-Anne Arundel border and travels southeast to Chesapeake Beach. A portion of Route 260 is a four-lane dual highway.
- ^ Arnett, pp 92, discusses role of Robert Brooke, Sr.
- ^ Calvert County Guide states that it was the Puritans, who named it for an Indian word meaning "place where tobacco grows"
- ^ Maryland Online Encyclopedia Calvert County
- ^ "Zoning Information". Calvert County Department of Economic Development. http://www.ecalvert.com/content/business/commercialrealestate/search/zoning_info.asp. Retrieved 2007-10-06.
- ^ "Architectural Review in Calvert County". Calvert County Planning and Zoning. March 6, 2007. http://www.co.cal.md.us/assets/Planning_Zoning/Slideshows/March-6-07BOCC-UpdatesToTCMP.pdf. Retrieved 2007-10-06.
- Arnett, Earl; Dr. Robert J Brugger, Edward C. Papenfuse (1999). Maryland: A New Guide to the Old Line State. Johns Hopkins University Press. http://books.google.com/books?id=lncOLHYhcrsC&pg=PA92&lpg=PA92&dq=patuxent+county+was+established+in+1654&source=web&ots=VFRKZJJ4I7&sig=iaWo2zYzP5p5-6-MJeai48BtmhY. Retrieved 2007-10-06.
- "Calvert County". Maryland Online Encyclopedia. 2005. http://www.mdoe.org/calvert_co.html. Retrieved 2007-10-06.
- "Calvert County Guide". Southern Maryland Info. 2007. http://www.southern-maryland.info/County%20Guides/Calvert_county/calvert.htm. Retrieved 2007-10-06.
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