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Campbeltown

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Main Births etc
Coordinates: 55°25′23″N 5°36′29″W / 55.423, -5.608
Campbeltown
Scottish Gaelic: Ceann Loch Chille Chiarain,
or, locally, Ceann Locha
Campbeltown seafront
Campbeltown waterfront



Scotland relief location map
Red pog.svg
Campbeltown

Red pog.svg Campbeltown shown within Scotland
Population 5,144 [1] (2001 census)
est. 5,040[2] (2006)
OS grid reference NR718203
Council area Argyll and Bute
Lieutenancy area Argyll and Bute
Country Scotland
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Police Strathclyde
Fire Strathclyde
Ambulance Scottish
EU Parliament Scotland
UK Parliament Argyll and Bute
Scottish Parliament Argyll and Bute
List of places: UK • Scotland •

Campbeltown (Scottish Gaelic: "Ceann Loch Chille Chiarain") is a town and former royal burgh in Argyll and Bute, Scotland, located by Campbeltown Loch on the Kintyre peninsula. Originally known as Kinlochkilkerran (Eng: The head of the loch by the kirk of St. Kieran) - this form is still used in Gaelic. It was renamed in the 17th century as 'Campbell's town', Archibald Campbell, Earl of Argyle, having been granted the site in 1667 for the erection of a burgh of barony [3]. Campbeltown became an important centre for shipbuilding and Scotch whisky, and a busy fishing port.

WhiskyEdit

Campbeltown is one of the handful of areas in Scotland categorised as a distinct whisky producing region, and is home to the Campbeltown Single Malts, at one point having 34 distilleries and proclaiming itself "the whisky capital of the world". However, a focus on quantity rather than quality, and the combination of prohibition and the Great Depression in the United States, led to most distilleries going out of business. Today only three active distilleries remain in Campbeltown, which have, or in one case is expected to have, an excellent reputation for their quality.

The well known folk song titled Campbeltown Loch, I wish you were whisky is based on the town's history in this industry.

CultureEdit

Apart from the distilleries, Campbeltown boasts a museum and a heritage centre. The museum has a varied collection of items from Campbeltown's past, and prehistoric items excavated from sites around Kintyre, such as axeheads, jewellery and combs. The 19th century building also houses the library and has plaques or exhibits related to famous Kintyre people: for example, William McTaggart and William Mackinnon. Near the museum is the Wee Picture House, a small but distinctive Art Deco cinema dating from 1913 and believed to be the oldest surviving purpose-built cinema in Scotland. These buildings are on the waterfront, as is a 14th century Celtic cross that also served as a mercat cross.[4] St. Kieran lived in this area before the town existed. A cave named after him can be visited at low tide, as can the cave on nearby Davaar Island where pilgrims and tourists go to see a 19th century crucifixion painting.

Campbeltown also hosts the annual Mull Of Kintyre Music Festival, which has seen acts ranging from up-and-coming local bands to well-established groups such as Deacon Blue, The Stranglers and Idlewild perform.[5]

A recent addition to the varied cultural landscape of Campbeltown has been the Kintyre Songwriter's Festival, a fairly low key annual gathering aimed at promoting the wealth and variety of original music across the area. The structure of the event is expanding every year and is open to anyone interested in performing.

On Friday 16 June 2006, First Minister Jack McConnell flew to Campbeltown to officially open Campbeltown's new 'Aqualibrium' Centre. Aqualibrium replaced the old Campbeltown swimming pool, which closed 7 years ago due to safety reasons, and houses Campbeltown's library (with the old building being the museum only), swimming pool, gym, conference centre and 'Mussel Ebb' Cafe.

The Kintyre Camanachd are a local shinty team that belongs to the Camanachd Association.

Argyll FM is a local radio station based in Campbeltown on 106.5, 107.1 & 107.7

TransportEdit

Campbeltown Airport lies near the burgh, and a scheduled service[6] runs between here and Glasgow Airport on weekdays, but not weekends.

Due to the town's isolated location near the far end of a long peninsula, in many ways it resembles sizeable communities on the islands of the Inner Hebrides in that transport by sea is particularly important, although nonetheless it is linked to the rest of Scotland by the A83 (to Tarbet) and A82 (from Tarbet to Glasgow).

Davaar Island

Davaar Island at the mouth of Campbeltown Loch

Ferries once sailed from Campbeltown to Ballycastle in Northern Ireland, but the service was suspended in June 2002 until further notice. According to the Campbeltown Courier, the Scottish Executive repeatedly gives the message "not this year, maybe next" about this ferry service.

In 2006 a foot passenger ferry, The Kintyre Express, ran between Campbeltown and Troon every Monday, Wednesday and Friday with a crossing time of one hour in calm weather. By 2007 this ferry no longer ran, although the vessel can be chartered privately.[7]

Campbeltown was linked to Machrihanish by a canal (1794-mid 1880s) that was superseded by the Campbeltown and Machrihanish Light Railway that closed in 1932.

LanguageEdit

Campbeltown is traditionally one of the few communities in the Scottish Highlands where the Scots language has predominated, rather than the previously widespread Scottish Gaelic. This was due to the plantation of lowland merchants to the burgh in the Middle Ages. Today the English language, in the form of the Scottish English dialect, is the predominant language in the town.

Notable peopleEdit

References Edit

  1. ^ "Comparative Population Profile: Campbeltown Locality". Scotland's Census Results Online. 2001-04-29. http://www.scrol.gov.uk/scrol/browser/profile.jsp?profile=Population&mainArea=campbeltown&mainLevel=Locality. Retrieved 2008-09-01. 
  2. ^ "General Register Office for Scotland - Statistics - Publications and Data". Gro-scotland.gov.uk. 2008-07-31. http://www.gro-scotland.gov.uk/statistics/publications-and-data. Retrieved 2009-08-21. 
  3. ^ "Campbeltown" in A Dictionary of British Place-Names, A. D. Mills, Oxford University Press, 2003. Oxford Reference Online. Oxford University Press. University of Hull. 12 December 2009 <http://www.oxfordreference.com/views/ENTRY.html?subview=Main&entry=t40.e2717>
  4. ^ "Campbeltown Cross". Kintyremag.co.uk. 1950-12-28. http://www.kintyremag.co.uk/1998/15/page7.html. Retrieved 2009-08-21. 
  5. ^ "Mull of Kintyre Music Festival". Mokfest.com. http://www.mokfest.com/. Retrieved 2009-08-21. 
  6. ^ "Flybe". Flybe. 2009-02-25. http://www.flybe.com. Retrieved 2009-08-21. 
  7. ^ Plan B - The Creative Edge. "Kintyre Express". Kintyre Express. http://www.kintyreexpress.com/. Retrieved 2009-08-21. 
  8. ^ "Scotland's Mark on America". Scotlands.com. 2007-05-28. http://www.scotlands.com/usa/21.html. Retrieved 2009-08-21. 
  9. ^ http://www.mediauk.com/radio/13/argyll-fm

External links Edit

This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Campbeltown. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.

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