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County of Carmarthenshire Sir Gaerfyrddin
Wales Carmarthenshire locator map
- Total
- % Water
Ranked 3rd
2,395 km²
? %
County Town Carmarthen
Largest Town Llanelli
ISO 3166-2 GB-CMN
ONS code 00NU
- Total (2006 est.)
- Density
Ranked 4th
Ranked 18th
74 / km²
Ethnicity 99.4% White
Welsh language
- Any skills
Ranked 3rd
Carmarthenshire County Council
Control Independent / Labour
MEPs Wales

Carmarthenshire (Welsh: Sir Gaerfyrddin or Sir Gâr) is a unitary authority in the south west of Wales and one of thirteen historic counties. Its three largest towns are Carmarthen, Llanelli and Ammanford. The county town and administrative centre of Carmarthenshire is Carmarthen and the most populous settlement is the area in and around the town of Llanelli. Carmarthenshire has its early roots in the region formerly known as Ystrad Tywi (Vale of [the river] Tywi) and part of the Principality of Deheubarth during the High Middle Ages, with the court at Dinefwr. Following the Edwardian Conquest of Wales, the region was reorganized by the Statute of Rhuddlan in 1284 into Carmarthenshire.

With its fertile land and agricultural produce, Carmarthenshire is known as the "Garden of Wales".[1]


Llyn y Fan Fawr

Llyn y Fan Fawr, below Fan Brycheiniog in the Black Mountain

The county is bounded to the north by Ceredigion, to the east by Powys, Neath Port Talbot and Swansea, to the south by the Bristol Channel and to the west by Pembrokeshire. Carmarthenshire has a population of approximately 170,000, 55.1% of whom are Welsh speakers. The surface generally is upland and mountainous. Fforest Fawr and Black Mountain extend into the east of the county and the Cambrian Mountains into the north. The south coast contains many fishing villages and sandy beaches. The highest point is the Fan Brycheiniog, 2,525 feet (770 m). Carmarthenshire is the largest historic county by area in Wales.

It is drained by several important rivers, especially the Towy, which flows into the Bristol Channel and its several tributaries, such as the River Cothi. The Towy is the longest river flowing entirely within Wales, and is noted for its trout and salmon fishing. Other rivers include the Loughor (which forms the eastern boundary with Glamorgan), and the Gwendraeth Fawr.

Principal towns are Ammanford, Burry Port, Carmarthen, Kidwelly, Llanelli, Llandeilo, Newcastle Emlyn and Llandovery, St. Clears, Whitland, Pendine. The principal industries are agriculture, forestry, fishing and tourism. Although Llanelli is by far the larger town in the county, the county town remains in Carmarthen, mainly due to its central location.


Carmarthenshire became an administrative county with a county council taking over functions from the Quarter Sessions under the Local Government Act 1888. Under the Local Government Act 1972, the administrative county of Carmarthenshire was abolished on 1 April 1974, and the area of Carmarthenshire became three districts within the new county of Dyfed : Carmarthen, Dinefwr and Llanelli. Under the Local Government (Wales) Act 1994, Dyfed was abolished on 1 April 1996, and the three districts united to form a unitary authority, which had the same boundaries as the original Carmarthenshire. In 2003, following a local campaign, the Clunderwen community council area was transferred to Pembrokeshire.

Places of interestEdit


1831 area 606,331-acre (2,453.735 km2)
HQ Carmarthen
Chapman code CMN
Succeeded by Dyfed
1831 population
- 1831 density
Governance Carmarthenshire County Council (1889-1974)

Historical placesEdit



Heritage railwaysEdit

Sports venuesEdit

See alsoEdit


External linksEdit


Template:Transport in Carmarthenshire

Coordinates: 51°51′22″N 4°18′38″W / 51.85611, -4.31056

This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Carmarthenshire. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.

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