Cayuga County, New York

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Cayuga County, New York
Seal of Cayuga County, New York
Map of New York highlighting Cayuga County
Location in the state of New York
Map of USA NY
New York's location in the U.S.
Founded 1799
Seat Auburn
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

864 sq mi (2,238 km²)
693 sq mi (1,795 km²)
170 sq mi (440 km²), 19.74%
 - (2010)
 - Density

115/sq mi (44.5/km²)

Cayuga County is a county located in the U.S. state of New York. It was named for one of the tribes of Indians in the Iroquois Confederation. Its county seat is Auburn.

History Edit

When counties were established in the Province of New York in 1683, the present Cayuga County was part of Albany County. This was an enormous county, including the northern part of the present state of New York and all of the present state of Vermont and, in theory, extending westward to the Pacific Ocean. This county was reduced in size on July 3, 1766 by the creation of Cumberland County, and further on March 16, 1770, by the creation of Gloucester County, both containing territory now in Vermont.

On March 12, 1772, what was left of Albany County was split into three parts, one remaining under the name Albany County. One of the other pieces, Tryon County, contained the western portion (and thus, since no western boundary was specified, theoretically still extended west to the Pacific). The eastern boundary of Tryon County was approximately five miles west of the present city of Schenectady, and the county included the western part of the Adirondack Mountains and the area west of the West Branch of the Delaware River. The area then designated as Tryon County now includes 37 counties of New York State. The county was named for William Tryon, colonial governor of New York. In the years prior to 1776, most of the Loyalists in Tryon County fled to Canada. In 1784, following the peace treaty that ended the American Revolutionary War, the name of Tryon County was changed to Montgomery County in honor of the general, Richard Montgomery, who had captured several places in Canada and died attempting to capture the city of Quebec, replacing the name of the hated British governor.

In 1789, Montgomery County was reduced in size by the splitting off of Ontario County. The actual area split off from Montgomery County was much larger than the present county, also including the present Allegany, Cattaraugus, Chautauqua, Erie, Genesee, Livingston, Monroe, Niagara, Orleans, Steuben, Wyoming, Yates, and part of Schuyler and Wayne Counties. Harriet Tubman visited Auburn, New York, located in Cayuga County, in 1887 with her daughter (adopted) and her 2nd husband.

Herkimer County was one of three counties split off from Montgomery County (the others being Otsego and Tioga Counties) in 1791.

Onondaga County was formed in 1794 by the splitting of Herkimer County.

Cayuga County was formed in 1799 by the splitting of Onondaga County. This county was, however, much larger than the present Cayuga County. It then included the present Seneca and Tompkins Counties.

In 1804, Seneca County was formed by the splitting of Cayuga County. Then in 1817, in turn, a portion of Seneca County was combined with a piece of the remainder of Cayuga County to form Tompkins County.


Cayuga County is located in the west central part of the state, in the Finger Lakes region. Owasco Lake is in the center of the county, and Cayuga Lake forms part of the western boundary. Lake Ontario is on the northern border, and Skaneateles Lake is at the eastern border. Cayuga County has more waterfront land than any other county in the state not adjacent to the Atlantic Ocean.

File:Cayuga County.JPG

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 864 square miles (2,237.7 km2), of which 693 square miles (1,794.9 km2) is land and 170 square miles (440.3 km2) (19.74%) is water.

Adjacent countiesEdit

Major highwaysEdit

National protected areaEdit


Historical populations
Census Pop.
1800 15,871
1810 29,843 88.0%
1820 38,897 30.3%
1830 47,948 23.3%
1840 50,338 5.0%
1850 55,458 10.2%
1860 55,767 0.6%
1870 59,550 6.8%
1880 65,081 9.3%
1890 65,302 0.3%
1900 66,234 1.4%
1910 67,106 1.3%
1920 65,221 −2.8%
1930 64,751 −0.7%
1940 65,508 1.2%
1950 70,136 7.1%
1960 73,942 5.4%
1970 77,439 4.7%
1980 79,894 3.2%
1990 82,313 3.0%
2000 81,963 −0.4%
2010 80,026 −2.4%

As of the census[3] of 2000, there were 81,963 people, 30,558 households, and 20,840 families residing in the county. The population density was 118 people per square mile (46/km²). There were 35,477 housing units at an average density of 51 per square mile (20/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 93.34% White, 3.99% Black or African American, 0.31% Native American, 0.42% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.88% from other races, and 1.03% from two or more races. 1.97% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 16.3% were of Irish, 16.0% English, 15.7% Italian, 11.3% German, 9.5% American and 6.3% Polish ancestry according to Census 2000 [1]. 94.9% spoke English, 2.0% Spanish and 1.0% Italian as their first language.

There were 30,558 households out of which 32.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.00% were married couples living together, 11.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.80% were non-families. 26.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.04.

In the county the population was spread out with 25.10% under the age of 18, 8.20% from 18 to 24, 29.70% from 25 to 44, 22.60% from 45 to 64, and 14.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 102.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $37,487, and the median income for a family was $44,973. Males had a median income of $33,356 versus $23,919 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,003. About 7.80% of families and 11.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.90% of those under age 18 and 8.20% of those age 65 or over.

Government and politicsEdit

Cayuga County is considered a swing county in national elections. In 2000 Democrat Al Gore won Cayuga County with 50% of the vote to Bush's 44. In 2004 however Republican George W. Bush defeated John Kerry by a margin of only 0.58% or 49.22% to 48.64%. In statewide elections it has gone for Democrats both Eliot Spitzer and Hillary Clinton won it in 2006 with over 60% of the vote. In 2008 it was won by Democrat Barack Obama with 53% of the vote to Republican John McCain's 45%. In 2010 Democrat Andrew Cuomo defeated Republican Carl Paladino 53% to 40% with 3% going to Green Party candidate Howie Hawkins. Also in 2010 both Senators Kirsten Gillibrand and Chuck Schumer carried Cayuga County. Gillibrand won 54% of the vote while Schumer won 61%.

The Cayuga County Legislature consists of 15 members each of whom are elected from individual districts.

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ New York State Department of Economic Development
  2. ^
  3. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 42°56′N 76°34′W / 42.94, -76.56

This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Cayuga County, New York. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.

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