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Census column key

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Meaning of columns in United States Federal Census's by year.

1790Edit

  • 1) Name
  • 2) Free White males of 16 years and upward, including heads of families
  • 3) Free white males under 16 years
  • 4) Free white females, including heads of families
  • 5) All other free persons
  • 6) Slaves

1800Edit

  1. Number of males under 10 years of age.
  2. Number of males between 10 to 16 years of age.
  3. Number of males between 16 to 26 years of age.
  4. Number of maeles between 26 to 45 years of age.
  5. Number of males over 45 years of age.
  6. Number of females under 10 years of age.
  7. Number of females between 10 to 16 years of age.
  8. Number of females between 16 to 25 years of age.
  9. Number of females between 26 to 45 years of age.
  10. Number of females over 45 years of age.
  11. Number of other free persons in that family, except Indians not taxed.
  12. Number of slaves in the household.

1840Edit

  • 1 Line Number
  • 2 Nameof the county, city, ward, town, township, parish, precinct, hundred, or district
  • 3 Names of Head of Families

columns 4-16) Free White Persons, including Heads of Families - Males

  • 4 Under 5
  • 5 5 and under 10
  • 6 10 and under 15
  • 7 15 and under 20
  • 8 20 and under 30
  • 9 30 and under 40
  • 10 40 and under 50
  • 11 50 and under 60
  • 12 60 and under 70
  • 13 70 and under 80
  • 14 80 and under 90
  • 15 90 and under 100
  • 16 100 and upwards

17 - 29 Free White Persons, including Heads of Families - Females

  • 17 Under 5
  • 18 5 and under 10
  • 19 10 and under 15
  • 20 15 and under 20
  • 21 20 and under 30
  • 22 30 and under 40
  • 23 40 and under 50
  • 24 50 and under 60
  • 25 60 and under 70
  • 26 70 and under 80
  • 27 80 and under 90
  • 28 90 and under 100
  • 29 100 and upwards
  • 30 - 35 Free Colored Persons - Males
  • 30 Under 10
  • 31 10 and under 24
  • 32 24 and under 35
  • 33 35 and under 55
  • 34 55 and under 100
  • 35 100 and upwards
  • 36 - 41 Free Colored Persons - Females
  • 36 Under 10
  • 37 10 and under 24
  • 38 24 and under 35
  • 39 35 and under 55
  • 40 55 and under 100
  • 41 100 and upwards
  • 42 Line Number
  • 43 - 48 Slaves - Males
  • 43 Under 10
  • 44 10 and under 24
  • 45 24 and under 35
  • 46 35 and under 55
  • 47 55 and under 100
  • 48 100 and upwards
  • 49 - 54 Slaves - Females
  • 49 Under 10
  • 50 10 and under 24
  • 51 24 and under 35
  • 52 35 and under 55
  • 53 55 and under 100
  • 54 100 and upwards
  • 55 TOTAL
  • 56 - 62 Number of each family employed in
  • 56 Mining
  • 57 Agriculture
  • 58 Commerce
  • 59 Manufacture and trade
  • 60 Navigation of the ocean
  • 61 Navigation of canals, lakes, rivers
  • 62 Learned professional engineers
  • 63 - 64 Pensioners for Revolutionary or military services, included in the foregoing
  • 63 Names
  • 64 Ages
  • 65 - 70 Deaf and Dumb, Blind, and Insane White Persons, Included in the foregoing
  • 65 - 67 Deaf and Dumb
  • 65 Under 14
  • 66 14 and under 25
  • 67 25 and upwards
  • 68 - 70 Blind and Insane
  • 68 Blind
  • 69 Insane and Idiots at public charge
  • 70 Insane and Idiots at private charge
  • 71 - 74 Deaf and Dumb, Blind, and Insane Colored Persons, Included in the foregoing
  • 71 - 72 Deaf, Dumb and Blind
  • 71 Deaf and Dumb
  • 72 Blind
  • 73 - 74 Insane and Idiots
  • 73 Insane and Idiots at public charge
  • 74 Insane and Idiots at private charge
  • 75 - 81 Schools & c.
  • 75 Universities or college
  • 76 Number of students
  • 77 Academies and Grammar Schools
  • 78 No. of Scholars
  • 79 Primary and Common Schools
  • 80 No. of scholars at public charge
  • 81 No. of white persons over 20 years of age in each family who cannot read and write

1850Edit

  • 1 Dwelling - houses numbered in the order of visitation
  • 2 Families numbered in the order of visitation
  • 3 The name of every Person whose usual place of abode on the first day of June, 1850, was in this family
  • 4 Age
  • 5 Sex
  • 6 Color < White, black or malato
  • 7 Profession, Occupation, or Trade of each Male Person over 15 years of age
  • 8 Value of Real Estate owned
  • 9 Place of Birth Naming the State, Territory or Country
  • 10 Married whithin the year
  • 11 Attended School within the year
  • 12 Persons over 20 y'rs of age who cannot read & write
  • 13 Whether deaf and dumb, blind, insane, idiotic, pauper, or convict

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