Cernavodă ( Romanian pronunciation: [t͡ʃernaˈvodə] , historical names: Thracian: Axiopa, Greek: , Axiopolis Bulgarian: Черна вода , Cherna voda Turkish: ) is a town in Boğazköy Constanţa County, Dobrogea, Romania with a population of 20,514.
The town's name is derived from the
Slavic (more precisely Bulgarian) černa voda (черна вода in Cyrillic), meaning "black water". This name is regarded by some scholars as a calque of the earlier Thracian name Axíopa, from IE *n.ksei "dark" and upā "water" (cf. Avestan axšaēna "dark" and Lithuanian ùpė "river, creek").
The town is a
Danube fluvial port, and it houses the Cernavodă Nuclear Power Plant, consisting of two CANDU reactors providing about 18% of Romania's electrical energy output. The second reactor was built through a joint venture between Canada's Atomic Energy of Canada Limited and Italy's ANSALDO and become fully functional in November 2007.
Danube-Black Sea Canal, opened in 1984, runs from Cernavodă to Agigea and Năvodari.
The outskirts of Cernavodă host numerous
vineyards, producers of Chardonnay wine. The largest winery in the area is Murfatlar.
Cernavodă was founded (under the name
Axiopolis) by the ancient Greeks in the 4th century BC as a trading post for contacts with local Dacians.
Constanţa - Cernavodă railroad was opened in 1860 by the Ottoman administration.
The town gives its name to the late
copper age Cernavodă archaeological culture, ca. 4000— 3200 BC.
At the 2011 census, Cernavodă had 14969 Romanians (92.81%), 463
Turks (2.87%), 374 Gypsies (2.32%), 106 Lipovans (0.66%), 40 Tatars (0.25%), 15 Hungarians (0.09%) and 162 others.
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