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Charlton County, Georgia
CHARLTON COUNTY COURTHOUSE
Charlton County courthouse in Folkston
Map of Georgia highlighting Charlton County
Location in the state of Georgia (U.S. state)
Map of USA GA
Georgia's location in the U.S.
Founded 1854
Named for Robert M. Charlton
Seat Folkston
Largest city Folkston
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

782 sq mi (2,025 km²)
774 sq mi (2,005 km²)
8.8 sq mi (23 km²), 1.1%
PopulationEst.
 - (2015)
 - Density

12,965
16/sq mi (6/km²)
Congressional district 1st
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4

Charlton County is the southernmost county of the U.S. state of Georgia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 12,171.[1] The county seat is Folkston.[2]

HistoryEdit

Charlton County was created from a portion of Camden County, Georgia by an act of the Georgia General Assembly on February 18, 1854. The original county seat was at Trader's Hill, until 1901. Additional lands from Ware County, Georgia, were added to Charlton's borders by an 1855 act of the General Assembly. In 1856, an additional legislative act redefined the Charlton–Camden borders again with each county ceding land to the other.[3]

The county is named for Robert Milledge Charlton, a U. S. Senator from Georgia.[4]

GeographyEdit

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 782 square miles (2,030 km2), of which 774 square miles (2,000 km2) is land and 8.8 square miles (23 km2) (1.1%) is water.[5] It is the fifth-largest county by area in Georgia. It is the southernmost county in Georgia. A large portion of the county lies within the Okefenokee Swamp and its federally protected areas.

The entire central and southern portion of Charlton County is located in the St. Marys sub-basin of the St. Marys-Satilla basin. The county's northeastern portion, north of Homeland, is located in the Satilla River sub-basin of the St. Marys-Satilla basin. The western portion of Charlton County is located in the Upper Suwannee River sub-basin of the larger Suwannee River basin.[6]

Major highwaysEdit

Adjacent countiesEdit

National protected areaEdit

DemographicsEdit

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1860 1,780
1870 1,897 6.6%
1880 2,154 13.5%
1890 3,335 54.8%
1900 3,592 7.7%
1910 4,722 31.5%
1920 4,536 −3.9%
1930 4,381 −3.4%
1940 5,256 20.0%
1950 4,821 −8.3%
1960 5,313 10.2%
1970 5,680 6.9%
1980 7,343 29.3%
1990 8,496 15.7%
2000 10,282 21.0%
2010 12,171 18.4%
Est. 2016 12,497 [7] 21.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
1790-1960[9] 1900-1990[10]
1990-2000[11] 2010-2013[1]

2000 censusEdit

As of the census[12] of 2000, there were 10,282 people, 3,342 households, and 2,499 families residing in the county. The population density was 13 people per square mile (5/km²). There were 3,859 housing units at an average density of 5 per square mile (2/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 68.59% White, 29.26% Black or African American, 0.42% Native American, 0.34% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 0.14% from other races, and 1.21% from two or more races. 0.79% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 3,342 households out of which 37.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.40% were married couples living together, 15.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.20% were non-families. 21.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.74 and the average family size was 3.20.

In the county, the population was spread out with 27.50% under the age of 18, 10.60% from 18 to 24, 31.70% from 25 to 44, 20.60% from 45 to 64, and 9.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 112.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 115.60 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $27,869, and the median income for a family was $33,364. Males had a median income of $26,631 versus $17,978 for females. The per capita income for the county was $12,920. About 17.80% of families and 20.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 29.10% of those under age 18 and 20.40% of those age 65 or over.

2010 censusEdit

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 12,171 people, 3,927 households, and 2,866 families residing in the county.[13] The population density was 15.7 inhabitants per square mile (6.1 /km2). There were 4,475 housing units at an average density of 5.8 per square mile (2.2 /km2).[14] The racial makeup of the county was 68.6% white, 28.5% black or African American, 0.6% Asian, 0.4% American Indian, 0.3% from other races, and 1.6% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 2.5% of the population.[13] In terms of ancestry, 7.9% were American, 7.3% were English, and 6.2% were Irish.[15]

Of the 3,927 households, 35.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.5% were married couples living together, 15.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 27.0% were non-families, and 23.1% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.64 and the average family size was 3.10. The median age was 38.2 years.[13]

The median income for a household in the county was $40,850 and the median income for a family was $45,913. Males had a median income of $36,675 versus $25,140 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,652. About 18.1% of families and 19.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.4% of those under age 18 and 12.8% of those age 65 or over.[16]

EducationEdit

PoliticsEdit

Previous Presidential Elections Results[17]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 73.5% 2,951 25.0% 1,004 1.5% 61
2012 67.1% 2,527 31.8% 1,197 1.1% 41
2008 66.7% 2,466 32.4% 1,197 0.9% 34
2004 68.2% 2,311 31.4% 1,064 0.5% 16
2000 62.9% 1,770 36.0% 1,015 1.1% 31
1996 45.3% 1,374 45.1% 1,368 9.5% 289
1992 46.1% 1,333 39.0% 1,127 14.9% 432
1988 57.6% 1,327 40.9% 943 1.5% 34
1984 55.2% 1,368 44.8% 1,111
1980 34.1% 779 64.3% 1,469 1.7% 38
1976 20.5% 452 79.5% 1,750
1972 80.1% 1,244 20.0% 310
1968 17.1% 332 23.4% 455 59.5% 1,157
1964 67.3% 1,179 32.7% 574
1960 28.3% 289 71.7% 733
1956 21.4% 204 78.6% 750
1952 26.1% 288 73.9% 815
1948 28.0% 159 59.7% 339 12.3% 70
1944 16.2% 89 83.9% 462
1940 9.7% 60 90.4% 562
1936 5.6% 28 94.2% 468 0.2% 1
1932 8.8% 32 90.9% 330 0.3% 1
1928 27.8% 160 72.2% 415
1924 11.2% 20 84.8% 151 3.9% 7
1920 15.1% 28 84.9% 157
1916 4.7% 11 72.8% 169 22.4% 52
1912 22.2% 49 67.9% 150 10.0% 22

CommunitiesEdit

See alsoEdit

External linksEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/13/13049.html. Retrieved June 19, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. https://web.archive.org/web/20110531210815/http://www.naco.org/Counties/Pages/FindACounty.aspx. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ New Georgia Encyclopedia: Charlton County
  4. ^ georgia.gov - Charlton County
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/gazette.html. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  6. ^ "Georgia Soil and Water Conservation Commission Interactive Mapping Experience". Georgia Soil and Water Conservation Commission. http://www.gaswcc.org/maps/. Retrieved 2015-11-27. 
  7. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". https://www.census.gov/programs-surveys/popest/data/tables.2016.html. Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  8. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. http://www.webcitation.org/6YSasqtfX?url=http://www.census.gov/prod/www/decennial.html. Retrieved June 17, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. http://mapserver.lib.virginia.edu. Retrieved June 19, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. http://www.census.gov/population/cencounts/ga190090.txt. Retrieved June 19, 2014. 
  11. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. http://www.census.gov/population/www/cen2000/briefs/phc-t4/tables/tab02.pdf. Retrieved June 19, 2014. 
  12. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. https://web.archive.org/web/20130911234518/http://factfinder2.census.gov/. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  13. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/DEC/10_DP/DPDP1/0500000US13049. Retrieved 2015-12-27. 
  14. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/DEC/10_SF1/GCTPH1.CY07/0500000US13049. Retrieved 2015-12-27. 
  15. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/10_5YR/DP02/0500000US13049. Retrieved 2015-12-27. 
  16. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/10_5YR/DP03/0500000US13049. Retrieved 2015-12-27. 
  17. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS

Coordinates: 30°47′N 82°08′W / 30.78, -82.14


This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Charlton County, Georgia. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.

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