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Chennai district

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Coordinates: 13°5′2″N 80°16′12″E / 13.08389, 80.27

Chennai-talukas

Divisions of Chennai district.
1. Egmore-Nungambakam
2. Fort Tondiarpet
3. Mambalam-Guindy
4. Mylapore-Triplicane
5. Perambur-Purasawalkkam.

Chennai district, also and formerly known as Madras district, is a district in the state of Tamil Nadu, in India. It is the smallest of all the districts in the state, but has the highest human density. The district is a city district which means that it does not have a district headquarters. Most of the city region of Chennai comes under this district. It is divided into five taluks, namely,

  • Egmore-Nungambakam
  • Fort Tondiarpet
  • Mambalam-Guindy
  • Mylapore-Triplicane
  • Perambur-Purasaiwakkam.

Geography Edit

Chennai district covers an area of 178.2 km2 located on the Eastern Coastal Plains of India. It is situated on the northeastern corner of Tamil Nadu along the Coramandel coast, a region bounded by the Bay of Bengal and is surrounded inland by the districts of Tiruvallur and Kanchipuram. It lies between 12°59' and 13°9' of the northern latitude and 80°12' and 80°19' of the eastern longitude at an average altitude of 6 metres above sea level on a 'sandy shelving breaker swept' beach. Terrain slope varies from 1:5000 to 1:10,000.[1] The terrain is very flat with contours ranging from 2 m to 10 m above mean sea level with a few isolated hillocks in the southwest beyond the district limits at St. Thomas Mount, Pallavaram and Tambaram.[2] The district runs inland in a rugged semi-circular fashion and its coastline is about 25.60 km (2.5% of the total coastline of Tamil Nadu). Because of its strategic location and economic importance, it is referred to as the "Gateway of South India." The drainage system includes two rivers, namely, Cooum (flowing in the northern part) and Adyar (flowing in the southern part), a canal (the Buckingham), and a stream (the Otteri Nullah) slicing the district into several islands.

The district falls under Seismic Zone III indicating a moderate risk of earthquake. Geologically the district is divided into three regions, namely, sandy, clayey and hard-rock regions. The soil comprises clay, shale and sandstone.

Of the total land area, reserved forests cover 2.71 km2 and is concentrated in and around the Guindy National Park region, one of the few national parks in the world located within a city. The forest cover of the district is as follows:[3]

Class Area (Ha) Percentage
Dense forest 151.01 1.16
Moderate dense TOF 121.16 0.93
Non-forest 12,215.56 94.06
Open forest 114.24 0.88
Open TOF 153.73 1.18
Water 231.46 1.78
Total 12,987.16 100

ClimateEdit

Climate data for Chennai, India
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 33
(91)
37
(99)
39
(102)
43
(109)
45
(113)
43
(109)
41
(106)
40
(104)
39
(102)
39
(102)
34
(93)
33
(91)
45
(113)
Average high °C (°F) 29
(84)
31
(88)
33
(91)
35
(95)
38
(100)
38
(100)
36
(97)
35
(95)
34
(93)
32
(90)
29
(84)
29
(84)
33.3
(91.9)
Average low °C (°F) 19
(66)
20
(68)
22
(72)
26
(79)
28
(82)
27
(81)
26
(79)
26
(79)
25
(77)
24
(75)
22
(72)
21
(70)
23.8
(74.9)
Record low °C (°F) 14
(57)
15
(59)
17
(63)
20
(68)
21
(70)
21
(70)
22
(72)
21
(70)
21
(70)
17
(63)
15
(59)
14
(57)
14
(57)
Precipitation mm (inches) 16.2
(0.638)
3.7
(0.146)
3.0
(0.118)
13.6
(0.535)
48.9
(1.925)
53.7
(2.114)
97.8
(3.85)
149.7
(5.894)
109.1
(4.295)
282.7
(11.13)
350.3
(13.791)
138.2
(5.441)
1,266.9
(49.878)
Source: Indian Meteorological Department[4]

Demographics Edit

According to the 2011 census Chennai district has a population of 4,681,087,[5] roughly equal to the nation of Norway[6] or the US state of South Carolina.[7] This gives it a ranking of 27th in India (out of a total of 640).[5] The district has a population density of 26,903 inhabitants per square kilometre (69,680 /sq mi) .[5] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 7.77%.[5] Chennai has a sex ratio of 986 females for every 1000 males,[5] and a literacy rate of 90.33%.[5]

This district is listed as the "most advanced" district in Tamil Nadu. It had a resident population of 4,681,087 as of 2011, yielding an average density of 26,903 persons per km2, excluding the huge commuter traffic from neighbouring districts. This is against a density of 24,963 persons per km2 in 2001, making it the district with the second highest density in the country.[8] The sex ratio is 1000:951. The average literacy rate is 80.14%, much higher than the national average of 64.5%. It is 100% urbanised as per Census 2011.[9] Chennai District has 13.39 per cent of the urban population in the state of Tamil Nadu. The decadal growth of population in Chennai District during 2001-2011 is 7.77 percent.

PoliticsEdit

Assembly
Constituency
Political
Party
Elected
Representative
Royapuram AIADMK D. Jayakumar
Harbour AIADMK Pala. Karuppiah
Dr. Radhakrishnan Nagar AIADMK P. Vetriivel
Thiru. Vi. Ka Nagar AIADMK V. Neelakandan
Virugampakkam DMDK B. Parthasarathy
Perambur CPIM A. Soundararajan
Kolathur DMK M. K. Stalin
Egmore DMDK K. Nalla Thambi
Anna Nagar AIADMK S. Gokula Indira
Villivakkam AIADMK J. C. D. Prabhakar
Thiyagaraya Nagar AIADMK V. P. Kalairajan
Thousand Lights AIADMK B. Valarmathi
Chepauk-Thiruvallikeni DMK J. Anbazhagan
Velachery AIADMK M. K. Ashok
Mylapore AIADMK R. Rajalakshmi
Saidapet AIADMK G. Senthamizhan
Source: Office of the CEO,Tamil Nadu.[10]
Lok Sabha
Constituency
Political
Party
Elected
Representative
Chennai North DMK T. K. S. Elangovan
Chennai South AIADMK C. Rajendran
Chennai Central DMK Dayanidhi Maran
Source: Indian Elections / Election Commission of India.[11][12][13]

References Edit

  1. ^ "Session-3 River and Drainage System in CMA" (pdf). CMDA. http://www.cmdachennai.gov.in/pdfs/SeminarOnWaterways/5.pdf. Retrieved 30-Dec-2011. 
  2. ^ Chapter IX Macro Drainage System in CMA
  3. ^ "Forest at Glance". Tamil Nadu Forest Department. http://www.forests.tn.nic.in/forestatglance/forestatglance_district.html#Dist. 
  4. ^ "Climatological Information for Chennai". Indian Meteorological Department. http://www.imd.gov.in/section/climate/chennai1.htm. Retrieved 2009-01-25. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. http://www.census2011.co.in/district.php. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 
  6. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/rankorder/2119rank.html. Retrieved 2011-10-01. "Norway 4,691,849 July 2011 est." 
  7. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. http://2010.census.gov/2010census/data/apportionment-pop-text.php. Retrieved 2011-09-30. "South Carolina 4,625,364" 
  8. ^ Suburbs record higher population growth
  9. ^ http://www.censusindia.gov.in/2011-prov-results/prov_data_products_tamilnadu.html
  10. ^ "Chennai District MLA details". Election Commission of India. http://www.elections.tn.gov.in/TNLA2011_Winner_Runner.pdf. 
  11. ^ "Election results". Indian Elections. http://www.indian-elections.com/assembly-elections/tamil-nadu/election-result-06.html. 
  12. ^ "Parties Statistics". Election Commission of India. http://www.eci.gov.in/StatisticalReports/ElectionStatistics.asp. 
  13. ^ "City Constituency post-delimitation details". Election Commission of India. http://164.100.9.199/ecimaps/ECIPDF/Tamilnadu_Maps/Chennai.pdf. 

External links Edit

Template:Chennai district Template:Chennai Topics


This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Chennai district. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.

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