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Chinese compound surname

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A Chinese compound surname is a Chinese surname using more than one character. Many of these surnames derive from noble and official titles, professions, place names and other areas, to serve for a purpose. Some are originally non-Han, while others were created by joining two one-character family names. Only a few of these names (e.g. Ouyang, Shangguan, Sima, Situ) survive in modern times. Many clans eventually took on a single-character surname for various reasons. A small minority of Koreans and Vietnamese also have compound surnames.

Compound surnamesEdit

(listed alphabetically by their Mandarin pinyin spellings)

Chinese charactersMeaning/OriginNon-Han originMandarin
(Pinyin)
Cantonese
(Jyutping)
VietnameseKoreanJapaneseNotable people
愛新覺羅
(爱新觉罗)
GoldManchuÀixīnjuéluó (Aisin Gioro)Oi3 San1 Gok3 Lo4Ái-tân-giác-laAesin-gakra
(애신각라)
AishinkakuraEmperors of Qing Dynasty
阿史那Possibly TurkicĀshǐnàAa3 Si2 Naa5A-sử-naAsana
(아사나)
AshinaEmpress Ashina
百里Hundred liBǎilǐBaak3 Lei5Bách LýBaekri
(백리)
HyakuriBaili Xi
孛兒只斤
(孛儿只斤)
MongolBó'érzhījīn
(Borjigin)
But6 Ji4 Zi2 Gan1Bột Nhi Chỉ CânBal-ajigeun
(발아지근)
BotsujishikinEmperors of Yuan Dynasty
淳于A small country in ChunqiuChúnyúSeon4 Jyu1Thuần-vuSun-u
(순우)
Jun'uChunyu Qiong
第五The fifthDìwǔDai6 Ng5Đệ-ngũJe-o
(제오)
DaigoDiwu Qi
東方 (东方)"East", descendants of Fuxi clan according to legendDōngfāngDung1 Fong1Đông-phươngDongbang
(동방)
TōhōDongfang Shuo
(東方朔)
東閣 (东阁)"Eastern Pavilion"DōnggéDung1 Gok3Đông-cácDonggak
(동각)
Tōkaku
東郭 (东郭)"Eastern Wall"DōngguōDung1 Gwok3Đông-quáchDonggwak
(동곽)
TōkakuMr Dongguo
(東郭先生)
東門 (东门)"East Gate", place of residence, from Zhou dynastyDōngménDung1 Mun4Đông-môn Dongmun (동문)Tōmon
端木Upright treeDuānmùDyun1 Muk6Đoan-mộcDanmok
(단목)
TanbokuDuanmu Ci
(端木賜),
Duanmu San
(phonologist)
獨孤 (独孤)XianbeiDúgūDuk6 Gu1Độc-côDokgo
(독고)
Dokko/DokukoEmpress Dugu Qieluo
公孫 (公孙)"Dukes' descendants", an address of the noble descendants in the Spring and Autumn periodGōngsūnGung1 Syun1Công-tônGongson
(공손)
KōsonGongsun Zan Gongsun Long
公羊Branch of GongsunGōngyángGung1 Joeng4Công-dươngGong-yang
(공양)
KōyōGongyang Gao
(公羊高)
公冶Branch of Ji, from courtesy name of Jiye (季冶) of Lu in the Eastern Zhou DynastyGōngyěGung1 Je5Công-dãGong-ya
(공야)
KōyaGongye Chang
(公冶長)
公西GōngxīGung1 Sai1Công-tâyGongseo
(공서)
KōsaiGongxi Chi
(公西赤)
毌丘Place nameGuànqiūKwun3 Jau1Quán-khâuGwan-gu
(관구)
KankyūGuanqiu Jian
穀梁 (谷梁)
穀粱 (谷粱)
Sorghum grains (?)GǔliángGuk1 Loeng4Cốc-lươngGokryang
(곡량)
Kokuryō
賀蘭 (贺兰)Mt. HelanXianbeiHèlánHo6 Laan4Hạ-lanHaran
(하란
GaranPrincess Dowager Helan
赫連 (赫连)XiongnuHèliánHaak1 Lin4Hách-liênHyeokryeon
(혁련)
KakurenHelian Bobo
赫舍里 ManchuHèsheliHaak1 Se2 Lei5Hách-xá-lýHyeoksari
(혁사리)
KakushariHeseri Sonin,
Empress Xiaocheng,
Songgotu
賀若 (贺若)XianbeiHèruòHo6 Joek6Hạ-nhượcHa-yak
(하약)
KajakuHeruo Bi
(賀若弼)
皇甫Branch of Zi (子), from 皇父, the courtesy name of Huangfu Chongshi (皇父充石) of the Duchy of Song in the Eastern Zhou DynastyHuángfǔWong4 Pou2Hoàng-phủHwangbo
(황보)
KōfuHuangfu Song
呼延XianbeiHūyánFu1 Jin4Hô-diênHo-yeon
(호연)
KoenEmpress Huyan
令狐Place nameLínghúLing6 Wu4Lệnh-hồRyeongho
(령호)
ReikoLinghu Chu
甪里Place nameLùlǐLuk6 Lei5Lộ-lýRokri
(록리)
Rokuri
閭丘 (闾丘)Place nameLǘqiūLeoi4 Jau1Lư-khâuRyeogu
(려구)
RyokyūLuqiu Luwei
(閭丘露薇)
万俟XianbeiMòqíMak6 Zi6Mặc-kỷMansa
(만사)
BokujiMoqi Chounu
(万俟醜奴)
慕容XianbeiMùróngMou6 Jung4Mộ-dungMo-yong
(모용)
BoyūMurong Huang
納蘭 (纳兰)Variant of 叶赫那拉 (Yehenala)ManchuNàlánNaap6 Laan4Nạp-lanNapran
(납란)
NōranNalan Xingde
南宮 (南宫)Southern PalaceNángōngNaam4 Gung1Nam-cungNamgung
(남궁)
NankyūNangong Kuo (Western Zhou)
歐陽 (欧阳)South of Mt. Ou Yu ŌuyángAu1 Joeng4Âu-dươngGu-yang
(구양)
ŌyōOuyang Xiu
沙吒GöktürkShāzhāSaa1 Zaa1Sa-traSata
(사타)
SataShazha Zhongyi
(沙吒忠義)
上官High official (place name)ShàngguānSoeng6 Gun1Thượng-quanSanggwan
(상관)
ShōkanEmpress Shangguan
申屠ShēntúSan1 Tou4Thân-đồSindo
(신도)
ShintoShentu Jian
(申屠建)
司馬 (司马)"Master of the Horse" or "Marshall", one of the Three Excellencies from the Han DynastySīmǎSi1 Maa5Tư-mãSama
(사마)
ShibaSima Qian,
Emperors of the Jin Dynasty
司徒"Minister over the Masses", one of the Three Excellencies from the Han DynastySītúSi1 Tou4Tư-đồSado
(사도)
ShitoSzeto Wah
司空"Minister of Works", one of the Three Excellencies from the Han DynastySīkōngSi1 Hung1Tư-khôngSagong
(사공)
ShikūSikong Ting
(司空頲)
司寇"Minister of Justice"SīkòuSi1 Kau3Tư-khấuSagu
(사구)
Shikō
太史"Grand Historian", an imperial official titleTàishǐTaai3 Si2Thái-sửTaesa
(태사)
TaishiTaishi Ci
澹臺 (澹台)TántáiTaam4 Toi4Đàm-tháiDamdae
(담대)
TantaiTantai Mieming
(澹臺滅明)
拓拔 XianbeiTuòbáTok3 Bat6Thác-bạtTakbal
(탁발)
TakubatsuEmperors of Northern Wei, formerly surname of Tangut rulers, Western Xia
完顏 (完颜)JurchenWányánJyun4 Ngaan4Hoàn-nhanWan-an
(완안)
KanganWanyan Aguda
聞人 (闻人)"famous person", descendants of Shao Zhengmao (少正卯)WénrénMan4 Jan4Văn-nhânMun-in
(문인)
Bunjin
午馬 (午马)"Horse"WūmǎNg5 Maa5Ngọ-mãUma
(우마))
GobaWuma Shi
(巫馬施)
夏侯"Marquess Xia", from noble title granted to the descendants of Yu the Great by Duke of Lu in the Spring and Autumn PeriodXiàhóuHaa6 Hau6Hạ-hầuHahu
(하후)
KakōXiahou Dun
鮮于 (鲜于)XiānyúSin1 Jyu1Tiên-vuSeon-u
(선우)
Sen'uXianyu Zhongtong
(鮮于仲通)
西門 (西门)"West Gate", place of residence, from Marquessate of Zheng in the Spring and Autumn PeriodXīménSai1 Mun4Tây-mônSeomun
(서문)
SaimonXimen Bao
軒轅 (轩辕)The (personal) name of the Yellow EmperorXuānyuánHin1 Jyun4Hiên-viênHeon-won
(헌원)
Ken'enYellow Emperor
楊子 (杨子)A branch of 楊 (Yang)YángzǐJoeng4 Zi2Dương-tửYangja
(양자)
Yōshi
耶律 KhitanYēlǜYe4 Leut6Gia-luật Ya-yul
(야율)
Yaritsu/JaritsuEmperors of Liao Dynasty
樂正 (乐正)Minister of musicYuèzhèngNgok6 Zing3Nhạc-chínhAkjeong
(악정)
Gakusei
尉遲 (尉迟)XianbeiYùchíWat1 Ci4Úy-trìUlji
(울지)
Ucchi/UtsuchiYuchi Jingde
宇文XianbeiYǔwénJyu5 Man4Vũ-vănUmun
(우문)
UbunYuwen Tai
長孫 (长孙)XianbeiZhǎngsūnZoeng2 Syun1Trưởng-tônJangson
(장손)
ChōsonZhangsun Wuji
鍾離 (钟离)A country in ChunqiuZhōnglíZung1 Lei4Chung-lyJongri
(종리)
ShōriZhongli Mu
(鐘離牧)
諸葛 (诸葛)A branch of 葛 (Ge)ZhūgěZyu1 Got3Chư-cát (Gia-cát)Jegal
(제갈)
ShokatsuZhuge Liang
祝融God of FireZhùróngZuk1 Jung4Chúc-dungChuk-yung
(축융)
ShukuyūLady Zhurong
子車 (子车)ZǐjūZi2 Geoi1Tử-cừJageo
(자거)
Shikyo
左人Left-handed manZuǒrénZo2 Jan4Tả-nhânJwa-in
(좌인)
Sajin

See alsoEdit

External links Edit


This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Chinese compound surname. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.

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