Clay County, Arkansas

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Clay County, Arkansas
Map of Arkansas highlighting Clay County
Location in the state of Arkansas
Map of USA AR
Arkansas's location in the U.S.
Founded March 24, 1873
Seat Corning (western district);
Piggott (eastern district)
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

641 sq mi (1,660 km²)
639 sq mi (1,655 km²)
2 sq mi (5 km²), 0.33%
 - (2000)
 - Density

28/sq mi (11/km²)

Clay County is a county located in the U.S. state of Arkansas. As of 2000, the population is 17,609. The county has two county seats, Corning and Piggott. It is a dry county.

History Edit

When Clay County was created as Arkansas's 67th county on March 24, 1873 (alongside Baxter County), it was named Clayton County. Though the name was shortened two years later by the Arkansas General Assembly, the designation of John M. Clayton as the person for whom the county was named was not changed.

The first county seat was Corning, established in 1873, with the arrival of the St. Louis, Iron Mountain and Southern Railway, as the first incorporated town in the county. The county seat was moved to Boydsville in 1877, though, because people living east of the Black and Cache Rivers had difficulty getting to Corning during flood season. This caused trouble for those living west of the rivers, however, and in 1881 Corning was re-established as the seat of the Western District, with Boydsville remaining the seat of the Eastern District. Upon the arrival of the St. Louis, Arkansas and Texas Railroad in 1882, other towns such as Greenway, Rector and Piggott experienced growth. In 1887, the Eastern District seat was moved to Piggott.

The dual county seat system remains in place today. Important county functions (such as the Quorum Court) alternate between Piggott and Corning as their venues.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,661 km² (641 sq mi). 1,656 km² (639 sq mi) of it is land and 5 km² (2 sq mi) of it (0.33%) is water.

Major HighwaysEdit

Adjacent counties Edit


USA Clay County, Arkansas age pyramid

Age pyramid Clay County[1]

As of the census2 of 2000, there were 17,609 people, 7,417 households, and 5,073 families residing in the county. The population density was 11/km² (28/sq mi). There were 8,498 housing units at an average density of 5/km² (13/sq mi). The racial makeup of the county was 98.08% White, 0.19% Black or African American, 0.69% Native American, 0.08% Asian, 0.15% from other races, and 0.81% from two or more races. 0.80% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. By 2005 1.0% of the population was Hispanic.

There were 7,417 households out of which 28.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.60% were married couples living together, 8.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.60% were non-families. 28.40% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.87.

In the county the population was spread out with 23.10% under the age of 18, 7.70% from 18 to 24, 25.30% from 25 to 44, 24.60% from 45 to 64, and 19.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 93.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.30 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $25,345, and the median income for a family was $32,558. Males had a median income of $24,375 versus $17,146 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,512. About 13.40% of families and 17.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.20% of those under age 18 and 22.70% of those age 65 or over.

Cities and towns Edit


  1. ^ Based on 2000 {{subst:#ifexist:census|[[census|]]|[[Wikipedia:census|]]}} data

36°22′39″N 90°26′07″W / 36.3775, -90.43528

This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Clay County, Arkansas. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.

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