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Low Countries Locator Holland

County of Holland in 1350

The Counts of Holland ruled over the county of Holland, the western sea board of the Low Countries, between the 10th and the 16th century. Holland was a fief of the Bishop of Utrecht, and the county was part of the Holy Roman Empire.

Gerold was the first count of Holland. The second count, Dirk I was his son, foster-son or nephew. Until about 1100, the usual names for the county were West-Friesland, Frisia or Kennemerland.

Note that the chronology of the first few counts is uncertain. The existence of a count between Dirk I and Dirk II was only recently suggested, since it is thought that the references to counts named Dirk between 896 and 988 refer to three, not two, different counts. This third Count Dirk is placed between Dirk and I and II and numbered as Dirk I bis to avoid confusion with the already established numbering referring to the other counts of Holland named Dirk.

The House of Holland ruled until Count John I died childless. He was succeeded by his second cousin Count John II of the House of Avesnes. From then onwards, the County of Holland was in personal union with the County of Hainaut.

Holland1477

County of Holland in 1477

Margaret was the fourth and last ruler of the House of Avesnes. She fought and lost a civil war with her son William V, and power passed to the House of Wittelsbach. The personal union now also included the Duchy of Bavaria-Straubing.

Jacoba was the fourth and last Wittelsbach ruler. She fought a civil war with her uncle, and lost to her cousin and successor Philip the Good, Duke of Burgundy. Philip's son Charles the Brave added the Duchy of Gelre to the family properties and became the first ruler of what is now Belgium and the Netherlands.

Charles had a only a single daughter, Mary, and the county passed to the House of Habsburg with Philip I, Mary's son. Willem van Oranje (1533-1584) led a successful revolt against Philip's grandson Philip II. Philip II's grandson, Philip IV, renounced all claims and was the last of 35 Counts of Holland.

Counts of Holland Arms

Coat of Arms of the Counts of Holland

Straubing-Holland

Properties of the Wittelbachs in the Low Countries and Bavaria

Counts of HollandEdit

  Father Mother Joined with Image
Gerolf van Holland (c850-c895)
Dirk I van Holland (c874-c923) Dirk I van Holland (graaf+923
Dirk I bis van Holland (c899-939) Dirk I van Holland (c874-c923) Gerberga van Hamaland (c890-c940)
Dirk II van Holland (930-988) Dirk I bis van Holland (c899-939) Gerberga van Hamaland (c890-c940) Hildegard of Flanders (935-990) Dirk II van Holland930-988
Aarnout van Holland (951-993) Dirk II van Holland (930-988) Hildegard of Flanders (935-990) Lutgardis von Luxemburg (955-1003) Arnulf van Gent951-993
Dirk III van Holland (c983-1039) Aarnout van Holland (951-993) Lutgardis von Luxemburg (955-1003) Othilde von Sachsen (c989-1044) Dirk III van Holland (c983-1039)groot
Floris I van Holland (1030-1061) Dirk III van Holland (c983-1039) Othilde von Sachsen (c989-1044) Gertrud von Sachsen (1033-1113) Floris I van Holland (1030-1061)
Dirk V van Holland (1054-1091) Floris I van Holland (1030-1061) Gertrud von Sachsen (1033-1113) Othelhildis von Sachsen (1059-?) Dirk V van Holland (1054-1091)
Floris II van Holland (1085-1122) Dirk V van Holland (1054-1091) Othelhildis von Sachsen (1059-?) Geertruid Petronella van Lotharingen (c1092-1144) Floris II van Holland (1085-1122)
Dirk VI van Holland (1114-1157) Floris II van Holland (1085-1122) Geertruid Petronella van Lotharingen (c1092-1144) Sophie von Salm (c1115-1176) Dirk VI van Holland (1114-1157)
Floris III van Holland (1140-1190) Dirk VI van Holland (1114-1157) Sophie von Salm (c1115-1176) Ada of Huntingdon (1139-1206) Floris III van Holland
Dirk VII van Holland (c1164-1203) Floris III van Holland (1140-1190) Ada of Huntingdon (1139-1206) Adelheid von Kleve (c1165-c1219) Dirk7Holland
Willem I van Holland (c1165-1223) Floris III van Holland (1140-1190) Ada of Huntingdon (1139-1206) Aleid van Gelre (1187-1218)+Maria van Brabant (1190-1260) Willem I van Holland (c1165-1223)
Ada van Holland (1188-1223) Dirk VII van Holland (c1164-1203) Adelheid von Kleve (c1165-c1219) Lodewijk II van Loon (?-1218) AdaHolland
Floris IV van Holland (1210-1234) Willem I van Holland (c1165-1223) Aleid van Gelre (1187-1218) Machteld van Brabant (c1200-1267) Floris IV van Holland (1210-1234)
Willem II van Holland (1228-1256) Floris IV van Holland (1210-1234) Machteld van Brabant (c1200-1267) Elizabeth von Braunschweig (c1235-1266) Willem II van Holland (1228-1256)
John II, Count of Hainaut (1247-1304) Jean I d'Avesnes (1218-1257) Aleid van Holland (bef1234-1284) Philippa of Luxembourg (1252-1311) Jan II van henegouwen +1304
Floris V van Holland (1254-1296) Willem II van Holland (1228-1256) Elizabeth von Braunschweig (c1235-1266) Beatrijs van Vlaanderen (c1253-1296) Floris V van Holland (1254-1296)
Ludwig IV. von Wittelsbach (1282-1347) Ludwig II. von Bayern (1229-1294) Mathilde von Habsburg (c1252-1304) Beatrix of Glogow (1290-1322)+Margaret II of Hainaut (1311-1356)
Jan I van Holland (1284-1299) Floris V van Holland (1254-1296) Beatrijs van Vlaanderen (c1253-1296) Elizabeth of Rhuddlan (1282-1316) Jan1Holland
William I of Hainaut (c1286-1337) John II, Count of Hainaut (1247-1304) Philippa of Luxembourg (1252-1311) Jeanne de Valois (c1294-1342) Guillaume Ier de Hainaut
William II of Hainaut (1307-1345) William I of Hainaut (c1286-1337) Jeanne de Valois (c1294-1342) Johanna van Brabant (1322-1406)
Margaret II of Hainaut (1311-1356) William I of Hainaut (c1286-1337) Jeanne de Valois (c1294-1342) Ludwig IV. von Wittelsbach (1282-1347)
William von Wittelsbach (1330-1389) Ludwig IV. von Wittelsbach (1282-1347) Margaret II of Hainaut (1311-1356) Maud of Lancaster (1339-1362) William von Wittelsbach (1330-1389)
Albrecht von Wittelsbach (1336-1404) Ludwig IV. von Wittelsbach (1282-1347) Margaret II of Hainaut (1311-1356) Malgorzata von Brieg (c1342-1386)+Margarte von der Mark (c1375-1412)
Wilhelm von Wittelsbach (1365-1417) Albrecht von Wittelsbach (1336-1404) Malgorzata von Brieg (c1342-1386) Margaret of Burgundy (1374-1441)
Philip III of Burgundy (1396-1467) John, Duke of Burgundy (1371-1419) Margaret of Bavaria-Straubing (1363-1423) Michelle de Valois (1395-1422)+Bonne d'Artois (c1396-1425)+Isabella of Portugal (1397-1472) Philip III, Duke of Burgundy (1396-1467)thegood
Jacoba von Wittelsbach (1401-1436) Wilhelm von Wittelsbach (1365-1417) Margaret of Burgundy (1374-1441) Jean de Valois (1398-1417)+Jan IV van Brabant (1403-1427)+Humphrey, Duke of Gloucester (1390-1447)+Frank van Borssele (c1395-1470)
Jan IV van Brabant (1403-1427) Antoine of Brabant (1384-1415) Jeanne de Ligny (-1407) Jacoba von Wittelsbach (1401-1436)
Charles, Duke of Burgundy (1433-1477) Philip III of Burgundy (1396-1467) Isabella of Portugal (1397-1472) Catherine de Valois (1428-1446)+Isabella of Bourbon (c1436-1465)+Margaret of York (1446-1503) Charles, Duke of Burgundy (1433-1477)
Mary of Burgundy (1457-1482) Charles, Duke of Burgundy (1433-1477) Isabella of Bourbon (c1436-1465) Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor (1459-1519)
Philip I of Castile (1478-1506) Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor (1459-1519) Mary of Burgundy (1457-1482) Joanna of Castile (1479-1555) Juan de Flandes 004
Charles V of the Holy Roman Empire (1500-1558) Philip I of Castile (1478-1506) Joanna of Castile (1479-1555) Isabella of Portugal (1503-1539)+Johanna Maria van der Gheynst (c1500-1541)+Barbara Blomberg (1527-1597) Titian - Portrait of Charles V Seated - WGA22964
Philip II of Spain (1527-1598) Charles V of the Holy Roman Empire (1500-1558) Isabella of Portugal (1503-1539) Maria Manuela of Portugal (1527-1545)+Mary I of England (1516-1558)+Elizabeth of Angoulême (1545-1568)+Anna of Austria (1549-1580) Portrait of Philip II of Spain by Sofonisba Anguissola - 002b
Philip III of Spain (1578-1621) Philip II of Spain (1527-1598) Anna of Austria (1549-1580) Margaret of Austria (1584-1611) Felipe-III-de-Espana A-Vidal
Philip IV of Spain (1605-1665) Philip III of Spain (1578-1621) Margaret of Austria (1584-1611) Elisabeth de Bourbon (1602-1644)+Maria Anna von Österreich (1634-1696)+María Inés Calderón (1611-1646) Philip IV of Spain - Velázquez 1644

See alsoEdit

Counts of Holland at Wikipedia

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