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Cumberland County, New South Wales

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Cumberland
New South Wales
Cumberland NSW
Location in New South Wales
Established: 4 June 1788
Cadastral units around Cumberland
Hunter Northumberland Northumberland
Cook Cumberland Pacific Ocean
Camden Camden Pacific Ocean

Cumberland County is a county in the State of New South Wales, Australia. Most of the Sydney metropolitan area is located within the County of Cumberland.

The County of Cumberland stretches from Broken Bay to the north, the Hawkesbury River to the north-west, the Nepean River to the west, the Cataract River to the south-west and the northern suburbs of Wollongong to the south. It includes the area of the Cumberland Plain.

History Edit

The name Cumberland was conferred by Governor Phillip in honour of Ernest Augustus, Duke of Cumberland, later King of Hanover, at a gathering to celebrate the birthday of his father, King George III, on 4 June 1788.[1] The county has been marked on maps since the start of the colony, as shown along the key on a 1789 map describing Port Jackson as being within the county of Cumberland. In the nineteenth century, parts of the county were in the South and North Riding electoral districts from 1856 to 1859, which were replaced by Central Cumberland. There was also the Cumberland Boroughs electoral district.

Use Edit

New South Wales is divided up into 141 counties, for the purposes of surveying and the registration of land titles. Few Australian counties have ever had any government or administrative function. However, the County of Cumberland did have a county government, the Cumberland County Council, from 1945 to 1964. Its responsibilities were primarily limited to town planning on the metropolitan scale. The Cumberland County Council was not elected by the people, but rather was elected by councillors of the various local governments within the County. In 1951 the Council ratified the Cumberland County Council Planning Scheme which boldly reformed town planning throughout metropolitan Sydney. Though not all of the plan was implemented, much of it was, radically altering the urban form of Sydney and its suburbs.

The objectives of the County Council were often in conflict with the aims of many State Government departments. For instance, the County Council's plans called for a green belt to encircle metropolitan Sydney, while the NSW Housing Commission wished to use much of this land to build new low-density public housing estates in areas such as Blacktown and Liverpool. As a result, the Cumberland County Council was dissolved in 1964.

Its metropolitan planning functions were taken over by a new body, the State Planning Authority, which has since been superseded by a succession of state government departments. As of 2008 this government department is the New South Wales Department of Planning.

Hundreds Edit

Cumberland County 1840

Map of Cumberland County in 1840, showing 13 hundreds and 53 parishes. The four smaller parishes in Sydney city are not displayed.

There were thirteen hundreds in Cumberland County, which were published in a government gazette on 27 May 1835, but repealed on 21 January 1888. Unlike South Australia, the hundreds were never adopted anywhere else in New South Wales. The hundreds:

ParishesEdit

Cumberland County Parishes

Parishes of Cumberland County

In 1835, Cumberland County was subdivided into 57 parishes.[2] Previously, the subdivisions of the area since the beginning of the colony were called districts. Many of the parishes founded in 1835 kept the name of the district. Others were named after Anglican churches in the same area. This included three of the four small parishes in the Sydney city area; St Philip (named after St.Philip's), St James (named after St. James, and which is still the region name today), St Andrew (named after St. Andrew's). However St Lawrence parish gave its name to the church, rather than the other way around.[3] Further out of the city, the parishes of St John, St Luke, St Peter and St Matthew, in the Parramatta, Liverpool, Campbelltown and Windsor areas respectively, have Anglican churches which bear the same saints names; St John's in Parramatta (opened 1803); St.Luke's in Liverpool (building began 1818); St.Peter's in Campbelltown (opened 1823, the third oldest Anglican church in Australia); and St. Matthew's in Windsor (consecrated in 1822)

A full list of parishes found within this county; the LGA which the parish is mostly in (some are part of several LGAs), and mapping coordinates to the approximate centre of each location is as follows:

Parish LGA Hundred (former) Coordinates
Alexandria Municipality of Woollahra Sydney 33°50′54″S 151°17′04″E / -33.84833, 151.28444 (Alexandria Parish)
Appin Wollondilly Shire Campbelltown 34°11′54″S 150°45′04″E / -34.19833, 150.75111 (Appin Parish)
Bankstown City of Bankstown Liverpool 33°55′54″S 150°59′04″E / -33.93167, 150.98444 (Bankstown Parish)
Berowra Hornsby Shire Dundas 33°33′54″S 151°05′04″E / -33.565, 151.08444 (Berowra Parish)
Botany City of Botany Bay Sydney 33°56′54″S 151°14′04″E / -33.94833, 151.23444 (Botany Parish)
Bringelly City of Penrith Bringelly 33°53′54″S 150°41′04″E / -33.89833, 150.68444 (Bringelly Parish)
Broken Bay Warringah Council Packenham 33°38′54″S 151°13′04″E / -33.64833, 151.21778 (Broken Bay Parish)
Bulgo City of Wollongong Heathcote 34°09′54″S 151°03′04″E / -34.165, 151.05111 (Bulgo Parish)
Cabramatta City of Liverpool Bringelly 33°54′54″S 150°49′04″E / -33.915, 150.81778 (Cabramatta Parish)
Castle Hill Baulkham Hills Shire Parramatta 33°44′54″S 150°41′04″E / -33.74833, 150.68444 (Castle Hill Parish)
Castlereagh City of Penrith Richmond 33°40′54″S 150°42′04″E / -33.68167, 150.70111 (Castlereagh Parish)
Claremont City of Penrith Evan 33°48′54″S 150°43′04″E / -33.815, 150.71778 (Claremont Parish)
Concord City of Canada Bay Sydney 33°51′54″S 151°06′04″E / -33.865, 151.10111 (Concord Parish)
Cook Camden Council Bringelly 33°57′54″S 150°42′04″E / -33.965, 150.70111 (Cook Parish)
Cornelia Baulkham Hills Shire Hardinge 32°59′54″S 150°00′04″E / -32.99833, 150.00111 (Cornelia Parish)
Cowan Hornsby Shire Dundas 33°36′54″S 151°08′04″E / -33.615, 151.13444 (Cowan Parish)
Eckersley City of Campbelltown Southend 34°04′54″S 150°55′04″E / -34.08167, 150.91778 (Eckersley Parish)
Field of Mars City of Parramatta Parramatta 33°46′54″S 151°03′04″E / -33.78167, 151.05111 (Field of Mars Parish)
Frederick Hornsby Shire Hardinge 33°27′54″S 151°02′34″E / -33.465, 151.04278 (Frederick Parish)
Gidley City of Blacktown Windsor 33°40′54″S 150°52′04″E / -33.68167, 150.86778 (Gidley Parish)
Gordon Ku-ring-gai Council Packenham 33°12′54″S 151°09′04″E / -33.215, 151.15111 (Gordon Parish)
Ham Common City of Hawkesbury Richmond 33°35′54″S 150°45′04″E / -33.59833, 150.75111 (Ham Common Parish)
Heathcote Sutherland Shire Heathcote 34°05′54″S 150°59′04″E / -34.09833, 150.98444 (Heathcote Parish)
Holsworthy City of Liverpool Liverpool 33°56′54″S 150°57′04″E / -33.94833, 150.95111 (Holsworthy Parish)
Hunters Hill City of Ryde Parramatta 33°47′54″S 151°06′04″E / -33.79833, 151.10111 (Hunters Hill Parish)
Liberty Plains Strathfield Municipality Parramatta 33°51′54″S 151°02′04″E / -33.865, 151.03444 (Liberty Plains Parish)
Londonderry City of Penrith Richmond 33°40′54″S 150°45′04″E / -33.68167, 150.75111 (Londonderry Parish)
Manly Cove Warringah Council Packenham 33°46′54″S 151°16′04″E / -33.78167, 151.26778 (Manly Cove Parish)
Maroota Baulkham Hills Shire Hardinge 33°29′54″S 151°00′04″E / -33.49833, 151.00111 (Maroota Parish)
Marramarra Hornsby Shire Dundas 33°29′54″S 151°17′04″E / -33.49833, 151.28444 (Marramarra Parish)
Melville City of Fairfield Evan 33°51′16″S 150°49′20″E / -33.85444, 150.82222 (Melville Parish)
Menangle City of Campbelltown Campbelltown 34°06′54″S 150°47′04″E / -34.115, 150.78444 (Menangle Parish)
Minto City of Liverpool Liverpool 33°57′54″S 150°51′04″E / -33.965, 150.85111 (Minto Parish)
Mulgoa City of Penrith Evan 33°48′54″S 150°40′04″E / -33.815, 150.66778 (Mulgoa Parish)
Narellan Camden Council Campbelltown 34°02′54″S 150°44′04″E / -34.04833, 150.73444 (Narellan Parish)
Narrabeen Pittwater Council Packenham 33°36′54″S 151°20′04″E / -33.615, 151.33444 (Narrabeen Parish)
Nelson Baulkham Hills Shire Windsor 33°36′54″S 150°57′04″E / -33.615, 150.95111 (Nelson Parish)
North Colah Hornsby Shire Dundas 33°37′54″S 151°03′04″E / -33.63167, 151.05111 (North Colah Parish)
Petersham Municipality of Leichhardt Sydney 33°51′54″S 151°10′04″E / -33.865, 151.16778 (Petersham Parish)
Pitt Town City of Hawkesbury Windsor 33°35′54″S 150°53′04″E / -33.59833, 150.88444 (Pitt Town Parish)
Prospect City of Blacktown Parramatta 33°46′54″S 150°55′04″E / -33.78167, 150.91778 (Prospect Parish)
Rooty Hill City of Penrith Richmond 33°43′54″S 150°48′04″E / -33.73167, 150.80111 (Rooty Hill Parish)
South Colah Hornsby Shire Dundas 33°41′54″S 151°05′04″E / -33.69833, 151.08444 (South Colah Parish)
Southend City of Wollongong Southend 34°16′54″S 150°55′04″E / -34.28167, 150.91778 (Southend Parish)
St Andrew City of Sydney Sydney 33°52′26″S 151°12′23″E / -33.87389, 151.20639 (St Andrew Parish)
St George Canterbury Sydney 33°56′54″S 151°06′04″E / -33.94833, 151.10111 (St George Parish)
St James City of Sydney Sydney 33°52′10″S 151°12′39″E / -33.86944, 151.21083 (St James Parish)
St John City of Parramatta Parramatta 33°49′54″S 151°03′04″E / -33.83167, 151.05111 (St John Parish)
St Lawrence City of Sydney Sydney 33°52′53″S 151°12′18″E / -33.88139, 151.205 (St Lawrence Parish)
St Luke City of Fairfield Liverpool 33°51′54″S 150°54′04″E / -33.865, 150.90111 (St Luke Parish)
St Matthew City of Hawkesbury Windsor 33°37′54″S 150°49′04″E / -33.63167, 150.81778 (St Matthew Parish)
St Peter City of Campbelltown Campbelltown 34°03′54″S 150°50′04″E / -34.065, 150.83444 (St Peter Parish)
St Philip City of Sydney Sydney 33°51′51″S 151°12′22″E / -33.86417, 151.20611 (St Philip Parish)
Sutherland Sutherland Shire Heathcote 34°01′54″S 151°05′04″E / -34.03167, 151.08444 (Sutherland Parish)
Wattamolla Sutherland Shire Heathcote 34°05′49″S 151°06′27″E / -34.09694, 151.1075 (Wattamolla Parish)
Wedderburn Wollondilly Shire Southend 34°14′54″S 150°50′04″E / -34.24833, 150.83444 (Wedderburn Parish)
Willoughby Municipality of Mosman Packenham 33°49′54″S 151°15′04″E / -33.83167, 151.25111 (Willoughby Parish)

Districts Edit

Sydney districts 1824

Districts on an 1824 map

The first subdivisions of the county were called districts, shown in early maps from the period, such as 21 districts on an 1810 map and 37 districts on an 1824 map (not including Philip which was across the Nepean River and not part of the county). The districts in use in 1824:

  • Airds
  • Appin
  • Bankstown
  • Bathurst
  • Botany Bay
  • Bringelly
  • Bullanaming
  • Cambramatta
  • Castle Hill
  • Castlereagh
  • Concord
  • Cooke
  • Dundas
  • Eastern Plains
  • Evan District
  • Fields of Mars
  • Green Hills
  • Holsworth
  • Hunter's Hill
  • Illawarra
  • Liberty Plains
  • Mecham
  • Melville
  • Meyrick
  • Minto
  • Nelson
  • Northern Boundary
  • Oxley
  • Parramatta
  • Petersham
  • Ponds
  • Prospect
  • Richmond
  • Sydney
  • Tongabee
  • Upper Minto
  • Upper Nelson

ReferencesEdit

Template:Australian cadastral capitals


This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Cumberland County, New South Wales. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.

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