D'Arcy Wentworth (1762-1827)

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The British biologist is D'Arcy Wentworth Thompson (1860-1948).

D'arcy Wentworth (1762 - 1827) born on 14 February 1762 in Portadown, County Armagh, Ireland, emigrated to Australia as an assistant surgeon to then-new colony of Sydney.


D'Arcy Wentworth was born 14 February 1762 in Portadown, County Armagh, Ireland to D'Arcy Wentworth (c1722-1806) and Martha Dixon (1727-1803) and died 7 July 1827 in Homebush, New South Wales, Australia of unspecified causes. He married Catherine Crowley (1772-1800) .


Emigration to Australia

The Australian Dictionary of Biography says that Wentworth was from an English aristocratic family that fell on hard times, and when he was acquitted of three charges of Highway Robbery he only narrowly escaped conviction of a fourth by declaring that he was moving to Botany Bay to serve as assistant surgeon to the colony. He arrived in June 1790 on the Second Fleet convict ship Neptune and not only served in this role, but was made Superintendent of Convicts on Norfolk Island, in Parramatta and Sydney.


Wentworth had several children by several local women; he acknowledged William Charles Wentworth as his eldest son. According to Ritchie (page 23), D'Arcy did not board the Neptune until mid-December 1789 when he met for the first time Catherin Crowley who was already on board. Catherine gave birth to William on 13 August 1790, barely eight months later (Ritchie page 52). Ritchie on page 53 noted that the baby was at least five weeks premature and had to struggle for his life. D'Arcy, who had assisted at the birth, appeared to have no doubt that the baby was his.

Wentworth was granted 3.73 km² of land in what is now known as north Homebush, part of the Strathfield municipality. Historian Michael Jones says that "Wentworth is popularly credited with having called the area after his 'home in the bush', although Homebush is also a place in Kent." Here he was put in charge of the police force and in 1810 became the commissioner of a road toll from Sydney to Parramatta.

Around 1808, Wentworth played a significant role in the rebellion against and overthrow of William Bligh, then governor of the colony. The participants in the rebellion claimed that Bligh had suspended Wentworth from his role as assistant surgeon on the staff, without reason or justice.

In 1810 D'Arcy with two other was given by Governor Lachlan Macquarie a licence to import large quantities of rum on condition that they built a hospital to cater for up to two hundred patients. The original Sydney Hospital was in the Rocks, but the one covered by the contract was in Macquarie Street. What was the original Sydney Hospital in Macquarie Street became in 1854 the Sydney branch of the Royal Mint.

D'Arcy was one of the original shareholders and directors of the Bank of New South Wales formed at the end of 1816. It is now part of what became Westpac Banking Corporation.

D'Arcy built his home in the relatively secluded settlement he had been apportioned. By the time of his death Wentworth had accumulated 543.2 km² of land and had built a large family home. He died in 1827 and his funeral procession, which started at Homebush and ended at Parramatta, was attended by 150 mourners.

The Sydney suburb of Wentworthville is named after him.


Offspring of D'Arcy Wentworth and Catherine Crowley (1772-1800)
Name Birth Death Joined with
William Charles Wentworth (1790-1872) August 1790 20 March 1872 Wimborne Minster, Dorset, England, United Kingdom Sarah Morton Cox (1805-1880)

Martha Wentworth (c1791-?)
D'Arcy Wentworth (1793-1861)
John Wentworth (1795-1820)
Martha Wentworth (1800-1800)

Offspring of D'Arcy Wentworth and Mary Ann Lawes (1786-1849)
Name Birth Death Joined with
George Wentworth (1810-1851)
Martha Wentworth (c1813-1855)
Sophia Wentworth (1816-1878)
Robert Charles Wentworth (c1818-?)
Charles John Wentworth (1819-1854)
Mary Ann Wentworth (c1822-1870)
Katherine Wentworth (1825-1898)
Charles D'Arcy Wentworth (1828-1866)


  • Jones, Michael (1985). Oasis in the West: Strathfield's first hundred years. North Sydney: Allen & Unwin Australia. ISBN 0-86861-407-6.
  • Ritchie, John (1997). The Wentworths: Father and Son. The Miegunyah Press at Melbourne University Press. ISBN 0 522 84751 X.

External links

Sources and notes

‡ General
This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at D'Arcy Wentworth. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.

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