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Dade County, Georgia
Dade County Courthouse in Trenton, Georgia, USA
Dade County Courthouse in Trenton
Map of Georgia highlighting Dade County
Location in the state of Georgia (U.S. state)
Map of USA GA
Georgia's location in the U.S.
Founded 1837
Named for Francis L. Dade
Seat Trenton
Largest city Trenton
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

174 sq mi (451 km²)
174 sq mi (451 km²)
0.2 sq mi (1 km²), 0.1%
Population
 - (2010)
 - Density

16,633
96/sq mi (37/km²)
Congressional district 14th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.dadecounty-ga.gov

Dade County is a county in the U.S. state of Georgia. It occupies the northwest corner of Georgia, and the county's own northwest corner is the westernmost point in the state. As of the 2010 census, the population is 16,633.[1] The county seat and only incorporated municipality is Trenton.[2]

Dade County is part of the Chattanooga, TN–GA Metropolitan Statistical Area.

In 1860, residents of Dade County voted to secede from the state of Georgia and from the United States, but no government outside the county ever recognized this gesture as legal. In 1945, the county symbolically "rejoined" Georgia and the United States.[3] However, in 1999, it was left off the Georgia state quarter. This, however, was claimed to have been unintentional, and was later fixed.

HistoryEdit

Dade County was established in 1837 and was named for Major Francis Langhorne Dade, who was killed in the Dade Massacre by Seminole Indians in December 1835.[4] The first settlers of Dade County won the land in the Georgia Land Lotteries, held to encourage settlement after the Cherokee people were forced off the land. Many settlers worked in regional coke and coal mines that contributed to development of the Chattanooga, Tennessee area.

The area was long isolated from the rest of Georgia by its geography of mountains and rivers, which some historians say contributed to early residents' separatist attitudes. Georgia did not have a road connecting Dade County to the rest of the state until the establishment of Cloudland Canyon State Park in 1939. That year Georgia began work on Highway 136 to connect U.S. 41 to the recently created park.[5] The Civilian Conservation Corps built many of the facilities and access roads to the park. Up until then, travelers from elsewhere in Georgia could drive to the county only by way of Alabama or Tennessee.

Dade County had a short-lived state secessionist movement before the American Civil War. In 1860, county residents wanted to secede from the Union, but lawmakers for the state of Georgia were cautious. Legend has it that in 1860, the people of Dade County were so impatient that they announced their own secession from both Georgia and the United States.[6] On July 4, 1945, a telegram from President Harry S. Truman was read at a celebration marking the county's "rejoining" the Union. Historians say Dade's individual secession and readmission were symbolic and had no legal effect. They say that officially, Dade County seceded along with the state of Georgia in 1861 and re-entered the Union with the state in 1870.[7][8]

The noted Southern humorist, author and seminal writer of Southern humor George Washington Harris (1814-1869) is buried in the Brock Cemetery in Trenton. Although he greatly influenced the literary works of Mark Twain, William Faulkner,[9] and Flannery O'Connor,[10] his grave was not verified and given a marker until 2008.

In 1964 Covenant College established a campus at Lookout Mountain. Founded in 1955 in California, it was ready to expand after a year. Several professors led Covenant to move to St. Louis, Missouri, where it developed for eight years. After outgrowing its facilities there, the college decided to move to Dade County.

Quarter controversy Edit

1999 GA Proof

Georgia State Quarter without Dade County.

Shortly after the Georgia State Quarter was released by the US Mint, Dade County gained attention because of an apparent mistake in the design. As shown on the quarter, the state appears to lack Dade County, in the extreme northwestern part of the state. Some accounts in 2012 suggest the exclusion was intended to refer to the local legend of Dade County's secession from Georgia.[11]

GeographyEdit

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 174 square miles (450 km2), of which 174 square miles (450 km2) is land and 0.2 square miles (0.52 km2) (0.1%) is water.[12]

The vast majority of Dade County is located in the Middle Tennessee-Chickamauga sub-basin of the Middle Tennessee-Hiwassee basin. A very small part of the southernmost tip of the county is located in the Upper Coosa River sub-basin in the ACT River Basin (Coosa-Tallapoosa River Basin), while a small part of the westernmost portion of Dade County is located in the Guntersville Lake sub-basin in the Middle Tennessee-Elk basin.[13]

Major highwaysEdit

Cloudland canyon view

Cloudland Canyon State Park

Adjacent countiesEdit

Protected areasEdit

DemographicsEdit

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1840 1,364
1850 2,680 96.5%
1860 3,069 14.5%
1870 3,033 −1.2%
1880 4,702 55.0%
1890 5,707 21.4%
1900 4,578 −19.8%
1910 4,139 −9.6%
1920 3,918 −5.3%
1930 4,146 5.8%
1940 5,894 42.2%
1950 7,364 24.9%
1960 8,666 17.7%
1970 9,910 14.4%
1980 12,318 24.3%
1990 13,147 6.7%
2000 15,154 15.3%
2010 16,633 9.8%
Est. 2016 16,257 [14] 7.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[15]
1790-1960[16] 1900-1990[17]
1990-2000[18] 2010-2013[1]

2000 censusEdit

As of the census[19] of 2000, there were 15,154 people, 5,633 households, and 4,264 families residing in the county. The population density was 87 people per square mile (34/km²). There were 6,224 housing units at an average density of 36 per square mile (14/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 97.51% White, 0.63% Black or African American, 0.49% Native American, 0.38% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.20% from other races, and 0.76% from two or more races. 0.90% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 5,633 households out of which 33.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.70% were married couples living together, 9.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.30% were non-families. 21.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 2.97.

In the county, the population was spread out with 23.80% under the age of 18, 11.80% from 18 to 24, 27.80% from 25 to 44, 24.50% from 45 to 64, and 12.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 96.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $35,259, and the median income for a family was $39,481. Males had a median income of $31,534 versus $21,753 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,127. About 7.50% of families and 9.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.40% of those under age 18 and 12.50% of those age 65 or over.

2010 censusEdit

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 16,633 people, 6,291 households, and 4,462 families residing in the county.[20] The population density was 95.6 inhabitants per square mile (36.9 /km2). There were 7,305 housing units at an average density of 42.0 per square mile (16.2 /km2).[21] The racial makeup of the county was 96.0% white, 0.9% black or African American, 0.7% Asian, 0.4% American Indian, 0.1% Pacific islander, 0.6% from other races, and 1.3% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.8% of the population.[20] In terms of ancestry, 21.2% were American, 18.1% were Irish, 11.4% were German, and 9.4% were English.[22]

Of the 6,291 households, 31.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.2% were married couples living together, 10.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 29.1% were non-families, and 25.1% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 2.96. The median age was 39.0 years.[20]

The median income for a household in the county was $39,760 and the median income for a family was $48,881. Males had a median income of $41,618 versus $26,521 for females. The per capita income for the county was $20,168. About 10.7% of families and 15.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.8% of those under age 18 and 10.8% of those age 65 or over.[23]

EducationEdit

Georgia water supply Edit

Dade County lies just south of Nickajack Lake on the Tennessee River, which was created by the Nickajack Dam, constructed by the Tennessee Valley Authority. The city of Atlanta, Georgia wanted to gain rights to the water in Nickajack Lake to supplement their sources from Lake Lanier and Lake Allatoona. In addition, in 2008 Georgia lawmakers wanted to change the Tennessee-Georgia state line, as they say it is based on a flawed 1818 survey, which mistakenly placed Georgia's northern line just short of the Tennessee River.[24][25] Changing the boundary would give Georgia rights to the water, but they were unsuccessful.

PoliticsEdit

Previous Presidential Elections Results[26]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 80.9% 5,051 15.5% 965 3.6% 226
2012 73.9% 4,471 23.3% 1,411 2.7% 165
2008 73.0% 4,703 25.0% 1,612 2.0% 127
2004 69.8% 4,368 29.1% 1,823 1.0% 64
2000 66.0% 3,333 32.2% 1,628 1.7% 88
1996 49.2% 2,295 37.2% 1,737 13.6% 636
1992 45.6% 2,191 37.1% 1,782 17.3% 831
1988 69.2% 2,539 30.5% 1,120 0.3% 12
1984 70.5% 2,750 29.5% 1,150
1980 53.8% 2,114 44.2% 1,735 2.0% 80
1976 38.0% 1,388 62.0% 2,263
1972 93.5% 2,110 6.6% 148
1968 18.3% 613 8.4% 282 73.3% 2,460
1964 52.8% 1,378 47.1% 1,227 0.1% 3
1960 49.1% 909 50.9% 943
1956 45.6% 723 54.4% 863
1952 34.6% 686 65.4% 1,296
1948 9.5% 193 73.5% 1,488 17.0% 345
1944 15.2% 169 84.8% 943
1940 13.3% 151 86.7% 982
1936 12.9% 127 87.0% 857 0.1% 1
1932 11.6% 103 86.8% 770 1.6% 14
1928 42.0% 328 58.0% 453
1924 16.1% 119 76.0% 563 8.0% 59
1920 18.8% 114 81.3% 494
1916 7.5% 52 88.9% 616 3.6% 25
1912 12.6% 44 82.2% 287 5.2% 18

CommunitiesEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/13/130083.html. Retrieved June 21, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. https://web.archive.org/web/20110531210815/http://www.naco.org/Counties/Pages/FindACounty.aspx. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Dade County, Georgia. "The State Of Dade". Dade County, Georgia. Archived from the original on 12 November 2012. https://web.archive.org/web/20121112162444/http://www.dadecounty-ga.gov/StateofDade.cfm?lid=1119. Retrieved 4 April 2012. 
  4. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off.. pp. 98. https://books.google.com/books?id=9V1IAAAAMAAJ&pg=PA98#v=onepage&q&f=false. 
  5. ^ Cooksey, Elizabeth (2009). "Dade County". The New Georgia Encyclopedia. Georgia Humanities Council/University of Georgia Press. http://www.georgiaencyclopedia.org/nge/Article.jsp?id=h-2320. Retrieved 2009-07-15. 
  6. ^ Bluestein, Greg (28 April 2008). "Forgotten Ga. county now in spotlight over water rights". Fox News (Fox Entertainment Group). http://www.foxnews.com/printer_friendly_wires/2008Apr28/0,4675,DroughtStateLine,00.html. Retrieved 29 October 2014. 
  7. ^ "The Independent State Of Dade Is Fixin' To Rise Again". Dade County Sentinel. http://www.dadesentinel.com/content.aspx?module=ContentItem&ID=174489&MemberID=1338. Retrieved 2012-12-22. 
  8. ^ Coulter, E. Merton. "The Myth of Dade County's Seceding from Georgia in 1860", Resources at Rootsweb
  9. ^ Faulkner, William. "The Art of Fiction no. 12: William Faulkner". The Paris Review. http://www.theparisreview.org/interviews/4954/the-art-of-fiction-no-12-william-faulkner. Retrieved 9 December 2012. 
  10. ^ Donald Day, "The Life of George Washington Harris," Tennessee Historical Quarterly, Vol. 6, No. 1 (March 1947), pp. 3-38.
  11. ^ "Georgia quarters are really quite peachy, but not in Dade County". Valuable-coin-stories.com. Archived from the original on 22 November 2012. https://web.archive.org/web/20121122105203/http://www.valuable-coin-stories.com/georgia-quarters.html. Retrieved 2014-04-07. 
  12. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/gazette.html. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  13. ^ "Georgia Soil and Water Conservation Commission Interactive Mapping Experience". Georgia Soil and Water Conservation Commission. http://www.gaswcc.org/maps/. Retrieved 2015-11-19. 
  14. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". https://www.census.gov/programs-surveys/popest/data/tables.2016.html. Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  15. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. http://www.webcitation.org/6YSasqtfX?url=http://www.census.gov/prod/www/decennial.html. Retrieved June 21, 2014. 
  16. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. http://mapserver.lib.virginia.edu. Retrieved June 21, 2014. 
  17. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. http://www.census.gov/population/cencounts/ga190090.txt. Retrieved June 21, 2014. 
  18. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. http://www.census.gov/population/www/cen2000/briefs/phc-t4/tables/tab02.pdf. Retrieved June 21, 2014. 
  19. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. https://web.archive.org/web/20130911234518/http://factfinder2.census.gov/. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  20. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/DEC/10_DP/DPDP1/0500000US13083. Retrieved 2015-12-29. 
  21. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/DEC/10_SF1/GCTPH1.CY07/0500000US13083. Retrieved 2015-12-29. 
  22. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/10_5YR/DP02/0500000US13083. Retrieved 2015-12-29. 
  23. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/10_5YR/DP03/0500000US13083. Retrieved 2015-12-29. 
  24. ^ Bluestein, Greg - Forgotten Ga. county now in spotlight over water rights, Associated Press, April 28, 2008
  25. ^ Shearer, Lee - "Tennessee-Georgia border dispute derided", The Athens Banner-Herald, 3 March 2008
  26. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 34°51′N 85°30′W / 34.85, -85.50


This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Dade County, Georgia. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.

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