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Deaf Smith County, Texas
Deaf Smith County, TX, Courthouse IMG 4835
Deaf Smith County Courthouse in Hereford, Texas
Map of Texas highlighting Deaf Smith County
Location in the state of Texas
Map of USA TX
Texas's location in the U.S.
Founded 1890
Seat Hereford
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

1,498 sq mi (3,880 km²)
1,497 sq mi (3,877 km²)
1 sq mi (3 km²), 0.06%
 - (2010)
 - Density

13/sq mi (5/km²)
Deaf Smith County Museum IMG 4854

The Deaf Smith County Historical Museum in Hereford

Deaf Smith County Library, Hereford, TX IMG 4892

The Deaf Smith County Library formerly housed the National Cowgirl Hall of Fame on the ground floor. The museum is now located in a new building in the Historic District of Fort Worth, Texas.

Deaf Smith in museum in Hereford IMG 4856

Erastus "Deaf" Smith as he appears at the Deaf Smith County Museum

Deaf Smith County is a county located in the U.S. state of Texas. Mainly made up of farm land, its county seat is Hereford, known as the "Beef Capitol of the World", Hereford, TX. As of the 2000 census, the population was 18,561. [1].

The Hereford Micropolitan Statistical Area includes all of Deaf Smith County.


In 1876 the state legislature identified and named the county, but it was not organized until 1890, with the town of LaPlata as the original county seat. The county was named for Erastus "Deaf" Smith (1787–1837), a partially-deaf scout and soldier who served in the Texas Revolution. The pronunciation of "Deaf", like that of Smith himself, is "Deef". He was the first to reach the Alamo after its fall. Most people in Deaf Smith County, however, pronounce it "Deaf."

This county was also selected as an alternate site for a possible nuclear waste disposal repository but was later dropped. Jesse Frank Ford, founder of Arrowhead Mills, led the opposition to the Deaf Smith site on grounds of contamination of the Ogallala Aquifer, the source of much of the water supply for West Texas.

Deaf Smith County has been ranked the 9th best place for less affluent Texans to live, according to Texas Home Quarterly.


According to the United States Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 3,880 square kilometers (1,498 sq mi). 3,878 km2 (1,497 sq mi) of it is land and 2 km2 (1 sq mi) of it (0.06%) is water.

Major highwaysEdit

Adjacent countiesEdit


As of the census[2] of 2000, there were 18,561 people, 6,180 households, and 4,832 families residing in the county. The population density was 12 people per square mile (5/km²). There were 6,914 housing units at an average density of 5 per square mile (2/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 72.28% White, 1.51% Black or African American, 0.80% Native American, 0.25% Asian, 0.13% Pacific Islander, 22.92% from other races, and 2.11% from two or more races. 57.40% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 6,180 households out of which 41.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.00% were married couples living together, 12.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 21.80% were non-families. 19.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.96 and the average family size was 3.41.

In the county, the population was spread out with 33.30% under the age of 18, 9.60% from 18 to 24, 25.50% from 25 to 44, 19.40% from 45 to 64, and 12.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females there were 95.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $29,601, and the median income for a family was $32,391. Males had a median income of $26,090 versus $19,113 for females. The per capita income for the county was $13,119. About 19.30% of families and 20.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.30% of those under age 18 and 15.70% of those age 65 or over.


The headquarters of the Deaf Smith Electric Cooperative are located in Hereford. The cooperative provides electricity for Deaf Smith County as well as Castro, Parmer and Oldham Counties.[3]

Cities and towns Edit

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  2. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ Spotlight on CRC Member: Deaf Smith Electric Cooperative. Cooperative Response Center.

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 34°58′N 102°36′W / 34.97, -102.60

This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Deaf Smith County, Texas. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.

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