is the 349th day of the year (350th in December 14 leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 16 days remaining until the end of the year.
1287 - St. Lucia's flood: The Zuider Zee sea wall in the Netherlands collapses, killing over 50,000 people.
1542 - Princess Mary Stuart becomes Queen Mary I of Scotland.
1702 (according to the old calendar; January 30, 1703 by the new calendar) - The Forty-seven Ronin, under the command of Ōishi Kuranosuke, avenged the death of their master.
1751 - The Theresian Military Academy was founded as the first Military Academy in the world.
1789 - Dartmouth College is chartered by King George III of England.
1782 - Montgolfier brothers first balloon lifted on its very first test flight.
1799 - Death of George Washington, first president of the United States.
1819 - Alabama becomes the 22nd U.S. state.
1825 - Advocates of Liberalism in Russia rise up against Tsar Nicholas I and are put down in the Decembrist Revolt in St. Petersburg.
1836 - The Toledo War unofficially ended.
1896 - The Glasgow Underground Railway is opened by the Glasgow District Subway Company.
1900 - Quantum Mechanics: Max Planck presents a theoretical derivation of his black-body radiation law.
1902 - The Commercial Pacific Cable Company lays the first Pacific telegraph cable, from Ocean Beach to Honolulu.
1903 - The Wright Brothers make their first attempt to fly with the at Wright Flyer Kitty Hawk. It crashes, and 3 days later, after repairs, they get it to fly.
1907 - The schooner runs aground and founders near the Hellweather's Reef within the Thomas W. Lawson Scilly Isles in a gale. The pilot and 15 seamen die.
1911 - Roald Amundsen's team, comprising himself, Olav Bjaaland, Helmer Hanssen, Sverre Hassel, and Oscar Wisting, becomes the first to reach the South Pole.
1914 - Lisandro de la Torre and others found the Democratic Progressist Party ( Partido Demócrata Progresista, PDP) at the Hotel Savoy, Buenos Aires.
1918 - Friedrich Karl von Hessen, a German prince elected by the Parliament of Finland to become King Väinö I, renounces the Finnish throne.
1939 - Winter War: The Soviet Union is expelled from the League of Nations.
1941 - German military commander of Kharkiv, Ukraine issued an order, according to which the Jewish population was to move to the city periphery within 2 days, into the barracks of the works of a machine factory. In the next days 15,000 Jews were shot at Drobitsky Yar.
1941 - World War II: Japan signs treaty of alliance with Thailand.
1946 - The UN General Assembly votes to establish its headquarters in New York City.
1947 - The National Association for Stock Car Auto Racing ( NASCAR) is founded in Daytona Beach.
1955 - Albania, Austria, Bulgaria, Finland, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Jordan, Laos, Portugal, Romania and Spain join the United Nations.
1958 - The 3rd Soviet Antarctic Expedition becomes the first-ever to reach The Pole of Relative Inaccessibility in the Antarctic.
1959 - The Motown record label is founded in Detroit by Berry Gordy.
1962 - NASA's becomes the first Mariner 2 spacecraft to fly by Venus.
1964 - American Civil Rights Movement: - The Heart of Atlanta Motel v. United States United States Supreme Court rules that the U.S. Congress can use its Commerce Clause power to fight discrimination.
1972 - Apollo program: Eugene Cernan is the last person to walk on the moon, after he and Harrison Schmitt complete the third and final Extra-vehicular activity (EVA) of Apollo 17. This was the last manned mission to the moon of the 20th century.
1979 - Legendary punk rock group The Clash release in the UK, a landmark album in rock music.
London Calling 1981 - Arab-Israeli conflict: Israel's Knesset passes The , extending Israeli law to the area of the Golan Heights Law Golan Heights.
1995 - Yugoslav Wars: The Dayton Agreement is signed in Paris by leaders of various governments.
2003 - President of Pakistan Pervez Musharaf narrowly escapes an assassination attempt.
2004 - The Millau viaduct, the highest bridge in the world, near Millau, France is officially opened.
1009 - Emperor Go-Suzaku of Japan (d. 1045)
1503 - Nostradamus, French astrologer (d. 1566)
1546 - Tycho Brahe, Danish astronomer and alchemist (d. 1601)
1625 - Barthélemy d'Herbelot de Molainville, French orientalist (d. 1695)
1631 - Anne Conway, English philosopher (d. 1679)
1640 - (baptism date) - Aphra Behn, English playwright and novelist (d. 1689)
1678 - Daniel Neal, English historian (d. 1743)
1720 - Justus Möser, German statesman (d. 1794)
1775 - Philander Chase, American founder of Kenyon College (d. 1852)
1775 - Thomas Cochrane, British admiral (d. 1860)
1787 - Maria Ludovika of Austria-Este, Empress of Austria and queen of Hungary and Bohemia (d. 1816)
1824 - Pierre Puvis de Chavannes, French painter (d. 1898)
1866 - Roger Fry, British artist and art critic (d. 1934)
1870 - Karl Renner, President of Austria (d. 1950)
1881 - Katherine MacDonald, American actress and film producer (d. 1956)
1884 - Jane Cowl, American actress and playwright (d. 1950)
1895 - Paul Eluard, French poet (d. 1952)
1895 - King George VI of the United Kingdom (d. 1952)
1896 - Jimmy Doolittle, American General (d. 1993)
1897 - Margaret Chase Smith, American politician (d. 1995)
1897 - Kurt Schuschnigg, Austrian politician (d. 1977)
1902 - Frances Bavier, American actress (d. 1989)
1908 - Morey Amsterdam, American comedian and actor (d. 1996)
1908 - Claude Davey, Welsh rugby player
1908 - Mária Szepes, Hungarian authoress (d. 2007)
1909 - Edward Tatum, American geneticist and Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1975)
1911 - Spike Jones, American comedian and musician (d. 1965)
1913 - Dan Dailey, American actor (d. 1978)
1914 - Karl Carstens, President of Germany (d. 1992)
1914 - Attila Petschauer, Hungarian Olympic champion fencer (d. 1943)
1914 - Rosalyn Tureck, American pianist and harpsichordist (d. 2003)
1916 - Shirley Jackson, American writer (d. 1965)
1917 - C.-H. Hermansson, Swedish communist leader
1918 - James T. Aubrey, American television executive (d. 1994)
1918 - B.K.S. Iyengar, Indian yoga advocate
1920 - Clark Terry, American trumpeter
1922 - Nikolay Basov, Soviet-born Russian physicist and Noble Prize laureate (d. 2001)
1923 - Gerard Reve, Dutch writer
1924 - Raj Kapoor, Indian actor (d. 1988)
1925 - Sam Jones, baseball player (d. 1971)
1927 - Richard Cassilly, American tenor (d. 1998)
1931 - Jon Elia, Pakistani scholar, poet and philosopher (d. 2002)
1932 - Charlie Rich, American musician (d. 1995)
1932 - Abbe Lane, American singer and actress
1935 - Lee Remick, American actress (d. 1991)
1935 - Lewis Arquette, American film actor, writer and producer (d. 2001)
1938 - Leonardo Boff, Brazilian theologian
1941 - Ellen Willis, American journalist (d. 2006)
1941 - Karan Armstrong, American soprano
1946 - Jane Birkin, British-born actress
1946 - Patty Duke, American actress
1946 - Michael Ovitz, American film producer
1946 - Stan Smith, American former tennis player
1946 - Ruth Fuchs, East German athlete
1947 - Christopher Parkening, American guitarist
1947 - Linda Sutton, British artist
1948 - Lester Bangs, American music journalist (d. 1982)
1948 - Dee Wallace-Stone, American actress
1949 - Bill Buckner, American baseball player
1949 - Cliff Williams, British-born bassist ( AC/DC)
1951 - Jan Timman, Dutch chess grandmaster
1953 - Vijay Amritraj, Indian former tennis player
1953 - René Eespere, Soviet-born Estonian composer
1953 - Mikael Odenberg, Swedish politician
1954 - Alan Kulwicki, American race car driver (d. 1993)
1954 - James Horan, American actor
1954 - Steven MacLean, Canadian astronaut
1956 - Hanni Wenzel, Liechtenstein skier
1957 - Gary Ferris, American author
1958 - Mike Scott, British singer and songwriter ( The Waterboys)
1958 - Spider Stacy, English musician ( The Pogues)
1959 - Jorge Vaca, Mexican boxer
1960 - Bob Paris, American bodybuilder and gay rights advocate
1962 - Ginger Lynn (Ginger Lynn Allen), American adult film actress
1963 - Cynthia Gibb, American actress
1965 - Craig Biggio, American baseball player
1965 - Ken Hill, baseball player
1966 - Fabrizio Giovanardi, Italian racecar driver
1966 - Bill Ranford, Canadian ice hockey player
1966 - Tim Skold, Swedish/American musician
1967 - Ewa Białołęcka, Polish writer
1969 - Scott Hatteberg, American baseball player
1970 - Anna Maria Jopek, Polish singer
1970 - Beth Orton, English singer-songwriter
1971 - Natascha McElhone, British actress
1972 - Marcus Jensen, baseball player
1972 - Eric Anderson, American musical theatre actor
1973 - Tomasz Radzinski, Polish-born Canadian international footballer
1973 - Tia Texada, American actress and singer
1973 - Thuy Trang, American actress (d. 2001)
1974 - Billy Koch, baseball player
1975 - Justin Furstenfeld, American rock singer
1976 - Leland Chapman, bounty hunter, son of Duane "Dog" Chapman.
1976 - André Couto, Portuguese racing driver
1976 - Santiago Ezquerro, Spanish football player
1977 - KaDee Strickland, American actress
1978 - Kim St-Pierre, Canadian ice hockey player
1978 - Radu Sârbu, singer ( O-Zone)
1979 - Michael Owen, English footballer
1979 - Sophie Monk, Australian actress, singer, and model
1980 - Frankie J, Spanish singer
1980 - Tata Young, Thai-American singer
1981 - Amber Chia, Malaysian model and actress
1981 - Emilie Heymans, Canadian diver
1981 - Johnny Jeter, American professional wrestler
1981 - Shaun Marcum, American baseball player
1982 - Josh Fields, American baseball player
1982 - Steve Sidwell, English footballer
1982 - Anthony Way, British singer and actor
1984 - Chris Brunt, Northern Irish footballer
1984 - Edward Rainsford, Zimbabwean cricketer
1985 - Tom Smith, Welsh Rugby Union Player
1985 - Nonami Takizawa, Japanese actress
1988 - Nicolas Batum, French basketball player
1988 - Vanessa Anne Hudgens, American actress
1989 - Pedro Roberto Silva Botelho, Brazilian footballer
1995 - Princess Olimpia Preslavska of Bulgaria
1460 - Guarino da Verona, Italian humanist and translator (b. 1370)
1510 - Friedrich of Saxony (b. 1473)
1542 - King James V of Scotland (b. 1512)
1553 - Hanibal Lucić, Croatian writer (b. 1485)
1591 - Saint John of the Cross, Spanish friar and poet (b. 1542)
1624 - Charles Howard, English statesman (b. 1536)
1651 - Pierre Dupuy, French scholar (b. 1582)
1713 - Thomas Rymer, English historian (b. 1641)
1715 - Thomas Tenison, Archbishop of Canterbury (b. 1636)
1735 - Thomas Tanner, English bishop and antiquarian (b. 1674)
1741 - Charles Rollin, French historian (b. 1661)
1788 - Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach, German composer (b. 1714)
1788 - King Charles III of Spain (b. 1716)
1799 - George Washington, first President of the United States (b. 1732)
1838 - Jean-Olivier Chénier, French Canadian physician and Patriote (b. 1806)
1860 - George Hamilton-Gordon, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1784)
1861 - Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, consort of Queen Victoria (b. 1819)
1865 - Johan Georg Forchhammer, Danish geologist (b. 1794)
1873 - Louis Agassiz, Swiss-born American zoologist and geologist (b. 1807)
1902 - Julia Grant, wife of President of the United States Ulysses S. Grant (b. 1826)
1927 - Yulian Vasilievich Sokhotski, Russian mathematician (b. 1842)
1935 - Stanley G. Weinbaum, American science-fiction author (b. 1902)
1947 - Stanley Baldwin, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1867)
1947 - Edward Higgins, General of The Salvation Army (b. 1864)
1956 - Juho Kusti Paasikivi, president of Finland (b. 1870)
1963 - Dinah Washington, American singer (b. 1924)
1964 - William Bendix, American actor (b. 1906)
1970 - Franz Schlegelberger, German Nazi politician (b. 1876)
1971 - Dick Tiger, Nigerian-born boxer (b. 1929)
1978 - Salvador de Madariaga, Spanish diplomat, writer, historian and pacifist (b. 1886)
1984 - Vicente Aleixandre, Spanish writer and Nobel laureate (b. 1898)
1985 - Catherine Doherty, social justice activist (b. 1896)
1985 - Roger Maris, American baseball player (b. 1934)
1989 - Andrei D. Sakharov, Russian physicist, Nobel laureate (b. 1921)
1990 - Friedrich Dürrenmatt, Swiss writer (b. 1921)
1993 - Myrna Loy, American actress (b. 1905)
1993 - Jeff Alm, American football player (b. 1968)
1997 - Kurt Winter, Canadian musician ( The Guess Who) (b. 1946)
1997 - Stubby Kaye, American actor (b. 1918)
1998 - Norman Fell, American actor (b. 1924)
1998 - Annette Strauss, American philanthropist (b. 1924)
1998 - Aloyisus Leon Higginbotham, American civil rights activist and author (b. 1928)
2003 - Jeanne Crain, American actress (b. 1925)
2003 - Blas Ople, foreign minister of the Philippines (b. 1927)
2004 - Rod Kanehl, American baseball player (b. 1934)
2004 - Fernando Poe, Filipino actor and presidential candidate (b. 1939)
2005 - Dr. Rodney William Whitaker, American author (b. 1931)
2006 - Anton Balasingham, chief political strategist of Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (b. 1938)
2006 - Ahmet Ertegün, co-founder of Atlantic Records (b. 1923)
2006 - Mike Evans, American actor (b. 1949)
Holidays and observances Edit
External links Edit
66 Familypedia people were born on December 14
66 Familypedia people died on December 14
66 Familypedia people were first married on December 14