is the 351st day of the year (352nd in December 16 leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 14 days remaining until the end of the year.
755 - An Lushan revolted against Chancellor Yang Guozhong at Fanyang, beginning of the An Shi Rebellion during the Tang Dynasty of China.
1392 - Historku-cho - Emperor Go-Kameyama abdicates in favor of rival claimant Go-Komatsu.
1431 - Henry VI of England is crowned King of France at Notre Dame in Paris.
1497 - Vasco da Gama rounds the Cape of Good Hope, the point where Bartolomeu Dias had previously turned back to Portugal.
1598 - Seven Year War: Battle of Noryang Point - The final battle of the Seven Year War is fought between the Korean and Japanese navies, resulting in a decisive Korean victory.
1653 - English Interregnum: The Protectorate - Oliver Cromwell becomes Lord Protector of the Commonwealth of England, Scotland and Ireland.
1689 - Convention Parliament: The Declaration of Right is embodied in the .
Bill of Rights 1707 - Last recorded eruption of Fuji Mount in Japan.
1761 - Seven Years' War: After four-month siege, the Russians under Pyotr Rumyantsev take the Prussian fortress of Kolobrzeg.
1773 - American Revolution: Boston Tea Party - Members of the Sons of Liberty disguised as Mohawks dump crates of tea into Boston harbor as a protest against the Tea Act.
1811 - The first two in a series of severe earthquakes occurs, in the vicinity of New Madrid, Missouri.
1838 - Battle of Blood River: Voortrekkers led by Andries Pretorius combat Zulu impis, led by Dambuza (Nzobo) and Ndlela kaSompisi in what is today KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.
1850 - History of New Zealand: The and the Charlotte-Jane bring the first of the Randolph Canterbury Pilgrims to Lyttelton.
1864 - American Civil War: Franklin-Nashville Campaign - Battle of Nashville - Major General George H. Thomas's Union forces defeat Lieutenant General John Bell Hood's Confederate Army of Tennessee.
1893 - Antonín Dvořák's Symphony No. 9 in E minor, Op. 95, "From The New World" was given its world premiere at Carnegie Hall.
1910 - During a ground test of his Coandă-1910 plane, Henri Coandă, caught unaware by the power of the engine, finds himself briefly airborne and loses control of the machine which crashes to the ground.
1922 - President of Poland Gabriel Narutowicz is assassinated by Eligiusz Niewiadomski at the Zachęta Gallery in Warsaw.
1925 - A regular broadcasting service was instituted in Ceylon.
1925 - Alpha Phi Omega national service fraternity was founded at Lafayette College.
1937 - Theodore Cole and Ralph Roe attempt to escape from the American federal prison on Alcatraz Island in San Francisco Bay; neither is ever seen again.
1941 - World War II: Japanese occupy Miri, Sarawak
1942 - Holocaust: Porajmos - Heinrich Himmler orders that Roma candidates for extermination should be deported to Auschwitz.
1944 - World War II: Battle of the Bulge - General Dwight D. Eisenhower's allied forces and Field Marshall Gerd von Rundstedt's German army engage in the Belgian Ardennes.
1946 - Léon Blum becomes Prime Minister of France.
1957 - Sir Feroz Khan Noon replaces Ibrahim Ismail Chundrigar as Prime Minister of Pakistan.
1960 - 1960 New York air disaster: While approaching New York's Idlewild Airport, a United Airlines Douglas DC-8 collides with a TWA Lockheed Super Constellation in a blinding snowstorm over Staten Island, killing 134.
1971 - Bangladesh War of Independence & Indo-Pakistani War of 1971: The surrender of the Pakistan army simultaneously brings an end to both conflicts.
1971 - Independence Day of the State of Bahrain from British Protectorate Status
1973 - O.J. Simpson of the Buffalo Bills becomes the first NFL player to rush for 2,000 yards in a season.
1985 - Mafia: In New York City, Paul Castellano and Thomas Bilotti are shot dead on the orders of John Gotti, who assumes leadership of the Gambino family.
1986 - revolt in Kazakhstan against Communist party, known as Zheltoksan, which became the first signs of ethnic strife during Gorbachev's tenure
1989 - Protest breaks out in Timişoara in response to an attempt by the government to evict dissident Hungarian pastor, László Tőkés.
1991 - United Nations General Assembly: UN General Assembly Resolution 4686 revokes UN General Assembly Resolution 3379 after Israel makes revocation of resolution 3379 a condition of its participation in the Madrid Peace Conference of 1991.
1991 - Independence of The Republic of Kazakhstan.
1998 - Iraq disarmament crisis: Operation Desert Fox - The United States and United Kingdom bomb targets in Iraq.
1485 - Catherine of Aragon, Queen of England (d. 1536)
1584 - John Selden, English jurist and oriental scholar (d. 1654)
1614 - Eberhard III (d. 1674)
1714 - George Whitefield, British-born Methodist leader (d. 1770)
1716 - Louis-Jules Mancini-Mazarini, French diplomat and writer (d. 1798)
1717 - Elizabeth Carter, British writer (d. 1806)
1742 - Gebhard Fürst Blücher von Wahlstatt, German Field Marshal (d. 1819)
1770 - Ludwig van Beethoven, German composer (Is his supposed birthday, since he was baptized the following day it is belived his birthday is on the 16th.) (d. 1827)
1775 - Jane Austen, British writer (d. 1817)
1775 - François-Adrien Boïeldieu, French composer (d. 1834)
1776 - Johann Wilhelm Ritter, German physicist (d. 1810)
1790 - King Léopold I of Belgium (d. 1865)
1804 - Viktor Bunyakovsky, Russian mathematician (d. 1889)
1834 - Léon Walras, French economist (d. 1910)
1861 - Antonio de La Gandara, French painter (d. 1917)
1863 - George Santayana, Spanish philosopher and writer (d. 1952)
1865 - Olavo Bilac, Brazilian poet (d. 1918)
1866 ( N.S.) - Wassily Kandinsky, Russian-born French abstract painter (d. 1944)
1867 - Amy Carmichael - missionary in Dohnavur, India (d. 1951)
1869 - Hristo Tatarchev - Bulgarian revolutionary (d. 1952)
1872 - Anton Ivanovich Denikin, Russian general (d. 1947)
1882 - Sir Jack Hobbs, English test cricketer (d. 1963)
1882 - Zoltán Kodály, Hungarian composer (d. 1967)
1882 - Walther Meissner, German physicist (d. 1974)
1883 - Max Linder, French pioneer of silent film (d. 1925)
1888 - King Alexander I of Yugoslavia (d. 1934)
1888 - Alphonse Juin, marshall of France (d. 1967)
1899 - Sir Noel Coward, British playwright, actor and composer (d. 1973)
1900 - V. S. Pritchett, British author and critic (d. 1997)
1901 - Margaret Mead, American anthropologist (d. 1978)
1902 - Rafael Alberti, Spanish poet (d. 1999)
1905 - Piet Hein, Danish mathematician and inventor (d. 1996)
1906 - Barbara Kent, Canadian actress
1917 - Nabi Bux Khan Baloch, Sindhi Scholar
1917 - Sir Arthur C. Clarke, British writer
1926 - James McCracken, American tenor (d. 1988)
1927 - Randall Garrett, American writer (d. 1987)
1928 - Philip K. Dick, American writer (d. 1982)
1929 - Nicholas Courtney, British actor
1932 - Rodion Shchedrin, Soviet-born Russian composer
1938 - Liv Ullmann, Norwegian actress
1941 - Lesley Stahl, American journalist
1943 - Steven Bochco, American television producer and writer
1943 - Tony Hicks, British guitarist ( The Hollies)
1945 - Bobby George, English professional darts player
1945 - Yukio Hattori, Japanese Iron Chef commentator
1946 - Benny Andersson, Swedish musician, singer and songwriter ( ABBA)
1946 - Trevor Pinnock, British conductor and harpsichordist
1947 - Ben Cross, British actor
1947 - Vincent Matthews, American sprinter and Olympic gold medalist
1949 - Billy Gibbons, American guitarist ( ZZ Top)
1950 - Claudia Cohen, American gossip columnist and socialite (d. 2007)
1950 - Roy Schuiten, Dutch cyclist (d. 2006)
1951 - Robben Ford, American guitarist
1952 - Joel Garner, Barbadian West Indies cricketer
1955 - Xander Berkeley, American actor
1955 - Prince Lorenz of Belgium
1961 - Bill Hicks, American comedian (d. 1994)
1962 - William Perry, American football player
1963 - Benjamin Bratt, American actor
1963 - Jeff Carson, American singer
1964 - Heike Drechsler, East German-born sprinter
1964 - Billy Ripken, American baseball player
1965 - Chris Jones, American baseball player
1965 - Melanie Sloan, American attorney
1965 - Nancy Valen, American actress
1966 - Dennis Wise, English footballer
1966 - Clifford Robinson, American basketball player
1967 - Donovan Bailey, Jamaican-born Canadian sprinter
1967 - Miranda Otto, Australian actress
1971 - Paul van Dyk, German Trance music DJ
1971 - Michael McCary, American singer ( Boyz II Men)
1972 - Charles Gipson, American baseball player
1972 - Željko Kalac, Australian soccer player
1972 - Angela Bloomfield, New Zealand actress
1973 - Scott Storch, Canadian-American hip-hop producer
1973 - Themba Mnguni, South African footballer
1974 - Frida Hallgren, Swedish actress
1975 - Benjamin Kowalewicz, Canadian musician ( Billy Talent)
1975 - Nawo Kawakita, Japanese drummer ( Maximum the Hormone)
1977 - Éric Bélanger, Canadian ice hockey player
1977 - Sylvain Distin, French footballer
1978 - Gunter Van Handenhoven, Belgian footballer
1978 - Kaine, American rapper ( Ying Yang Twins)
1979 - Mihai Trăistariu, Romanian singer
1979 - Jessie Ward, American professional wrestler
1979- Flo-Rida American African rapper
1981 - Anna Sedokova, Ukrainian singer
1981 - Took Leng How, Malaysian criminal
1981 - Gareth Williams, Scottish footballer
1982 - Garnon Davies, Welsh actor
1983 - Kelenna Azubuike, English basketball player
1983 - Danielle Lloyd, English model
1985 - Keita Tachibana, member of Japanese boy band w-inds.
1987 - Hallee Hirsh, American actress
1988 - Anna Popplewell, English actress
1989 - Chen Yaoye, Chinese professional Go player
705 - Empress Wu of Zhou (b. 625)
714 - Pippin of Herstal, Mayor of the Palace of Austrasia
867 - Eberhard of Friuli
999 - Saint Adelaide of Italy (b. 931)
1325 - Charles of Valois, son of Philip III of France (b. 1270)
1378 - Otto III of Montferrat
1379 - John Fitzalan, Marshal of England
1470 - John II (b. 1425)
1515 - Afonso de Albuquerque Portuguese naval general (b. 1453)
1598 - Yi Sun-sin, Korean admiral (b. 1545)
1669 - Nathaniel Fiennes, English politician
1687 - William Petty, English scientist and philosopher (b. 1623)
1751 - Leopold II of Anhalt-Dessau, Prussian general (b. 1700)
1765 - Peter Frederick Haldimand, Swiss military officer and surveyor
1774 - François Quesnay, French economist (b. 1694)
1783 - Johann A. Hasse, German composer (b. 1699)
1783 - Sir William James British naval commander (b. 1720)
1809 - Antoine François, French chemist (b. 1755)
1859 - Wilhelm Grimm, German writer and folklorist (b. 1786)
1898 - Pavel Tretyakov, Russian businessman and art collector (b. 1832)
1914 - Ivan Zajc, Croatian composer (b. 1832)
1916 - Grigori Rasputin, Russian monk (b. 1869)
1921 - Camille Saint-Saëns, French composer (b. 1835)
1922 - Gabriel Narutowicz, first President of Poland (b. 1865)
1928 - Elinor Wylie, American poet and writer (b. 1885)
1935 - Thelma Todd, American actress (b. 1905)
1940 - Billy Hamilton, MLB Hall of Fame Outfielder (b. 1866)
1945 - Giovanni Agnelli, Italian automobile manufacturer (b. 1866)
1945 - Fumimaro Konoye, Prime Minister of Japan (b. 1891)
1949 - Sidney Olcott, Canadian film director (b. 1873)
1956 - Nina Hamnett, British artist (b. 1890)
1965 - W. Somerset Maugham, British writer (b. 1874)
1976 - Réal Caouette, French Canadian politician ( Social Credit Party of Canada) (b. 1917)
1977 - Risto Jarva, Finnish filmmaker (b. 1934)
1980 - Colonel Harland Sanders, American fast food entrepreneur (b. 1890)
1980 - Hellmuth Walter, German engineer and inventor (b. 1900)
1982 - Colin Chapman, British engineer and automobile manufacturer, founder of Lotus Cars (b. 1928)
1984 - Debs Garms, baseball player (b. 1907)
1985 - Paul Castellano, American mafioso (b. 1915)
1985 - Thomas Bilotti, American mafioso (b. 1940)
1988 - Sylvester James, American R&B singer, disco performer (b. 1948)
1989 - Lee Van Cleef, American actor (b. 1925)
1989 - Aileen Pringle, American actress (b. 1895)
1989 - Silvana Mangano, Italian actress (b. 1930)
1989 - Oscar Alfredo Gálvez, Argentine racing driver (b. 1913)
1990 - Douglas Campbell, American pilot (b. 1896)
1993 - Moses Gunn, American actor (b. 1929)
1993 - Tanaka Kakuei, Prime Minister of Japan (b. 1918)
1995 - Mariele Ventre, Italian choir director (b. 1939)
1995 - Johnny Moss, American poker player (b. 1907)
1996 - Quentin Bell, British art historian (b. 1910)
1997 - Nicolette Larson, American singer (b. 1952)
1998 - William Gaddis, American writer (b. 1922)
2001 - Stuart Adamson, British musician (b. 1958)
2001 - Stefan Heym, German author (b. 1913)
2003 - Robert Stanfield, Premier of Nova Scotia (b. 1914)
2003 - Gary Stewart, American musician, singer and songwriter (b. 1945)
2004 - Ted Abernathy, American baseball player (b. 1933)
2005 - Kenneth Bulmer, British author (b. 1921)
2005 - John Spencer, American actor (b. 1946)
2006 - Pnina Salzman, Israeli pianist (b. 1922)
2006 - Taliep Petersen, South African singer and composer (b. 1950)
2006 - Don Jardine, professional wrestler (b. 1940)
Holidays and observances Edit
External links Edit
55 Familypedia people were born on December 16
91 Familypedia people died on December 16
55 Familypedia people were first married on December 16